Uruguay

$17,020.6
3.48M
Ranking
41/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

123/ 392
Executive partner
Data Privacy Brazil
Index Year
2021
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

32%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

19%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

35%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Uruguay had a GDP per capita of US$17,021 and a total population of 3.48 million people, with the Chinese population comprising 226 people, or 0.007% of the total. 

Uruguay established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1988. Uruguay was ranked 44th in Reporters Without Borders’ 2022 World Press Freedom Index, and Free in Freedom House’s 2022 Global Freedom Status, with a score of 97/100.  

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    18.2% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    27.3% / 34%
  • Economy
    27.3% / 33.6%
  • Society
    20.5% / 23.6%
  • Military
    36.4% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    27.3% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    17.5% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    40.9% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    65.9% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

No

Answer ( 0 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

There is no record that Uruguayan media organizations belong to World Chinese Media.

  1. https://worldchinesemedia.com/

    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

    Hide
    2.
    Exposure

    In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

    No

    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

    More

    Skipped

    1 countries chose this answer

    0/ No

    39 countries chose this answer

    1/ Few, but insignificant

    23 countries chose this answer

    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

    4 countries chose this answer

    3/ Few, but significant

    14 countries chose this answer

    4/ More than a few, and significant

    1 countries chose this answer

    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

    Supporting Evidence

    There is no record that Uruguayan journalists or media organizations are members of Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance or Belt and Road News Alliance.

    1. http://brmc.chnpec.com/en/member.shtml
    2. http://en.videochina.org.cn/2017/0417/4741.shtml

      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

      Hide
      3.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

      No

      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      11 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      15 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      15 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      5 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      23 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      13 countries chose this answer

      71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      There is no record that Uruguayan journalists have been invited to China for media tours.

          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

          Hide
          4.
          Exposure

          In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

          Yes

          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

          More

          Skipped

          3 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          37 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          16 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          2 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          14 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          10 countries chose this answer

          79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          Workshop at the PRC for journalists with senior positions in major media organizations and founded by the PRC government. Uruguayans journalists have attended the event.

          1. https://portaldebecas.auci.gub.uy/auci_prod/servlet/com.portal.wpbecasportaltab?f8a00afae65ca6d27e365efd7cb161d6,189a260608799d0fa2aca6b329a3c8f4
          2. http://manaos.consulado.gob.ve/2019/11/05/seminario-periodistas-latinoamericanos-china/

            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

            Hide
            5.
            Exposure

            In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

            No

            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

            More

            Skipped

            1 countries chose this answer

            0/ No

            24 countries chose this answer

            1/ Few, but insignificant

            22 countries chose this answer

            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

            7 countries chose this answer

            3/ Few, but significant

            18 countries chose this answer

            4/ More than a few, and significant

            10 countries chose this answer

            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

            Supporting Evidence

            There is no record of CCTV or CGTN distributed in cable TV.

            1. https://www.directv.com.uy/guia-de-canales#mundos

              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

              Hide
              6.
              Exposure

              In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

              No

              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

              More

              Skipped

              2 countries chose this answer

              0/ No

              44 countries chose this answer

              1/ Few, but insignificant

              19 countries chose this answer

              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

              3 countries chose this answer

              3/ Few, but significant

              14 countries chose this answer

              4/ More than a few, and significant

              0 countries chose this answer

              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

              Supporting Evidence

              There is no record that local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

              1. https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/uruguay/13950.pdf

                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                Hide
                7.
                Exposure

                In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

                Yes

                Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                More

                Skipped

                3 countries chose this answer

                0/ No

                22 countries chose this answer

                1/ Few, but insignificant

                21 countries chose this answer

                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                6 countries chose this answer

                3/ Few, but significant

                23 countries chose this answer

                4/ More than a few, and significant

                7 countries chose this answer

                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                Supporting Evidence

                Apparently, the state channel has delivered contents from CGTV.

                1. https://www.gub.uy/ministerio-educacion-cultura/comunicacion/noticias/uruguay-china-0

                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                  Hide
                  8.
                  Exposure

                  In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

                  No

                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                  More

                  Skipped

                  1 countries chose this answer

                  0/ No

                  38 countries chose this answer

                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                  13 countries chose this answer

                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                  7 countries chose this answer

                  3/ Few, but significant

                  15 countries chose this answer

                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                  8 countries chose this answer

                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                  Supporting Evidence

                  No evidence of regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers.

                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                      Hide
                      9.
                      Pressure

                      In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                      Yes

                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                      More

                      Skipped

                      1 countries chose this answer

                      0/ No

                      57 countries chose this answer

                      4/ Yes

                      24 countries chose this answer

                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                      Supporting Evidence

                      The Chinese Embassy replied to journalists that criticized China during the pandemic.

                      1. http://uy.china-embassy.org/esp/xwdts/t1760437.htm

                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                        Hide
                        10.
                        Effect

                        In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                        Yes

                        Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                        More

                        Skipped

                        4 countries chose this answer

                        0/ No

                        51 countries chose this answer

                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                        11 countries chose this answer

                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                        3 countries chose this answer

                        3/ Few, but significant

                        9 countries chose this answer

                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                        4 countries chose this answer

                        78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                        Supporting Evidence

                        After a columnist express critical views on China and the Chinese Embassy replied, the newspaper’s CEO offered apologies to China.

                        1. https://www.uypress.net/Politica/El-Pais-debio-pedir-disculpas-a-la-embajada-de-China-por-articulo-discriminatorio-de-Ricardo-Reilly-uc103240

                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                          Hide
                          11.
                          Effect

                          In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                          Yes

                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                          More

                          Skipped

                          2 countries chose this answer

                          0/ No

                          44 countries chose this answer

                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                          18 countries chose this answer

                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                          4 countries chose this answer

                          3/ Few, but significant

                          9 countries chose this answer

                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                          5 countries chose this answer

                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                          Hide

                          Academia

                          The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                          1.
                          Exposure

                          In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                          Yes

                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                          More

                          0/ No

                          9 countries chose this answer

                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                          11 countries chose this answer

                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                          6 countries chose this answer

                          3/ Few, but significant

                          31 countries chose this answer

                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                          25 countries chose this answer

                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                          Supporting Evidence

                          The Universidad de la República has supported the Seeds for the Future program from Huawei.

                          1. https://www.fing.edu.uy/es/noticias/area-de-comunicacion/programa-huawei-semillas-del-futuro

                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                            Hide
                            2.
                            Exposure

                            In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                            Yes

                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                            More

                            0/ No

                            5 countries chose this answer

                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                            14 countries chose this answer

                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                            5 countries chose this answer

                            3/ Few, but significant

                            31 countries chose this answer

                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                            27 countries chose this answer

                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                            Supporting Evidence

                            There is only one Confucius Institute in Uruguay, inaugurated in 2017, but it is located in the largest Uruguayan university.

                            1. https://presidencia.gub.uy/comunicacion/comunicacionnoticias/inauguracion-instituto-confucio

                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                              Hide
                              3.
                              Exposure

                              My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                              Yes

                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                              More

                              Skipped

                              1 countries chose this answer

                              0/ No

                              46 countries chose this answer

                              4/ Yes

                              35 countries chose this answer

                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                              Supporting Evidence

                              Uruguay include Mandarin Chinese in some public schools in 2020. There is no information about China providing books

                              1. https://www.gub.uy/presidencia/comunicacion/noticias/primaria-culmina-periodo-quinquenal-propuestas-educativas-integrales-fomenta

                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                Hide
                                4.
                                Exposure

                                In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                                No

                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                More

                                Skipped

                                2 countries chose this answer

                                0/ No

                                40 countries chose this answer

                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                17 countries chose this answer

                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                7 countries chose this answer

                                3/ Few, but significant

                                14 countries chose this answer

                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                2 countries chose this answer

                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                Supporting Evidence

                                There is no record of Uruguayan think tanks or universities belonging to this networks.

                                1. http://www.ucmsr.com/route

                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                  Hide
                                  5.
                                  Exposure

                                  In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                  Yes

                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                  More

                                  Skipped

                                  10 countries chose this answer

                                  0/ No

                                  21 countries chose this answer

                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                  19 countries chose this answer

                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                  10 countries chose this answer

                                  72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                  Supporting Evidence

                                  Not Found

                                  1. https://portaldebecas.auci.gub.uy/auci_prod/servlet/com.portal.wpbecasportaltab?f8a00afae65ca6d27e365efd7cb161d6,c37c7b6f37e619e11b8b36552a8659ed
                                  2. https://portaldebecas.auci.gub.uy/auci_prod/servlet/com.portal.wpbecasportaltab?f8a00afae65ca6d27e365efd7cb161d6,888ded14e69952de3a961185e44a5f66

                                  Supplementary Notes

                                  Although there is no evidence of PRC funding think tanks in Uruguay (based on interview with academic from the University of the Republic), the PRC government is a relevant fund provider for scholarships to academic research centers. The source links are example of scholarships funded by China to academic research centers.

                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                    Hide
                                    6.
                                    Exposure

                                    In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                    No

                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                    More

                                    Skipped

                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                    0/ No

                                    47 countries chose this answer

                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                    79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                    Supporting Evidence

                                    There is no record of Uruguayans participating in the Thousand Talents Program.

                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                        Hide
                                        7.
                                        Exposure

                                        In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                        No

                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        Skipped

                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                        0/ No

                                        17 countries chose this answer

                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                        15 countries chose this answer

                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                        12 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                        14 countries chose this answer

                                        69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                            Hide
                                            8.
                                            Pressure

                                            In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                            No

                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            There is no record of Chinese students associations in Uruguay. They came only for short periods and are only a few.

                                            1. https://www.ort.edu.uy/71747/32/desde-china-10-meses-para-conocer-y-aprender.html

                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                              Hide
                                              9.
                                              Pressure

                                              In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                              No

                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                              More

                                              Skipped

                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                              0/ No

                                              64 countries chose this answer

                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                              0 countries chose this answer

                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                              75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                              Supporting Evidence

                                              Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, no events of academics that have been denied VISA.

                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                  Hide
                                                  10.
                                                  Effect

                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                                  No

                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                  More

                                                  Skipped

                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                  0/ No

                                                  64 countries chose this answer

                                                  4/ Yes

                                                  16 countries chose this answer

                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                  There are only a few courses of Asia and China in Uruguay and PRC-connected entities has not been involved in organizing them.

                                                  1. https://facs.ort.edu.uy/18145/36/evolucion-politica-y-economica-de-asia-oriental.html

                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                    Hide
                                                    11.
                                                    Effect

                                                    In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                                    No

                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                    More

                                                    Skipped

                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                    0/ No

                                                    65 countries chose this answer

                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                    77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                    Professors in Uruguay have freedom to discuss issues considered sensitive to China including Hong Kong, Taiwan or Human Rights.

                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                        Hide

                                                        Economy

                                                        The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                        1.
                                                        Exposure

                                                        The PRC is my country's number one trading partner (for trade in goods only).

                                                        Yes

                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                        More

                                                        0/ No

                                                        51 countries chose this answer

                                                        4/ Yes

                                                        31 countries chose this answer

                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                        Since 2013 China is the main trade partner of Uruguay.

                                                        1. https://www.uruguayxxi.gub.uy/uploads/informacion/cd5856bbb60333f1900f664106f777443aad60ea.pdf

                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                          Hide
                                                          2.
                                                          Exposure

                                                          PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                          No

                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                          More

                                                          Skipped

                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                          0/ No

                                                          77 countries chose this answer

                                                          4/ Yes

                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                          Interview with an economist from Santander Bank in Uruguay supports the information from Bloomberg's website.

                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                              Hide
                                                              3.
                                                              Exposure

                                                              The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                              No

                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                              More

                                                              0/ No

                                                              62 countries chose this answer

                                                              4/ Yes

                                                              20 countries chose this answer

                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                              In Uruguay extractive industries are not as economic relevant as other sectors.

                                                              1. https://ucu.edu.uy/sites/default/files/facultad/fce/dnii/uruguay-china_-_ene_mar_2021.pdf

                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                              But China is main partner in key agricultural industries for the country (soybeans, wood pulp and beef).

                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                Hide
                                                                4.
                                                                Exposure

                                                                In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                                No

                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                More

                                                                0/ No

                                                                36 countries chose this answer

                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                46 countries chose this answer

                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                Data Centers, Ports, energy and sensitive sectors are dominated by national companies or foreign companies (but not Chinese).

                                                                1. https://datacentercatalog.com/uruguay

                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                  Hide
                                                                  5.
                                                                  Exposure

                                                                  My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                                  Yes

                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                  More

                                                                  0/ No

                                                                  27 countries chose this answer

                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                  55 countries chose this answer

                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                  In 2020 Uruguay become part of AIIB.

                                                                  1. https://www.uruguayxxi.gub.uy/es/noticias/articulo/uruguay-se-convirtio-en-miembro-del-banco-asiatico-de-inversion-en-infraestructura/

                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                    Hide
                                                                    6.
                                                                    Exposure

                                                                    In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                                    No

                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    41 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    41 countries chose this answer

                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    There is no record of major business members of those chambers.

                                                                    1. http://www.srcic.com/silk-road-members/?page=1
                                                                    2. http://www.ccmn.net/news-detail-9182.html

                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                      Hide
                                                                      7.
                                                                      Pressure

                                                                      My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                                      No

                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      64 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                      18 countries chose this answer

                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      There is no record of economic coercion like sanctions related to China.

                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                          Hide
                                                                          8.
                                                                          Pressure

                                                                          In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                                          No

                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                          More

                                                                          Skipped

                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                          0/ No

                                                                          65 countries chose this answer

                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                          15 countries chose this answer

                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                          Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, no events of boycott were found.

                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                              Hide
                                                                              9.
                                                                              Effect

                                                                              My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                              No

                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                              More

                                                                              0/ No

                                                                              51 countries chose this answer

                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                              31 countries chose this answer

                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                              Uruguay has interests in signing trade-related agreement with China, but Mercosur rules impose restrictions: Link

                                                                              1. http://www.sice.oas.org/ctyindex/URY/URYAgreements_s.asp

                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                Hide
                                                                                10.
                                                                                Effect

                                                                                In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                                Yes

                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                47 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                There is an agreement to promote investments. Free zones are not only for Chinese investment because is open to all investments from around the world. However, free zones export 25% to China.

                                                                                1. https://www.efe.com/efe/america/cono-sur/uruguay-firma-acuerdo-con-china-para-promover-las-relaciones-comerciales/50000553-2738801

                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                  11.
                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                                  No

                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                  More

                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                  76 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                  Through an online search no events of requisition for failed to pay were found.

                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                      Hide

                                                                                      Society

                                                                                      The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                                      1.
                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                      In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                                      No

                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                      More

                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                      49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                      There are Chinese associations in Uruguay but none related to use the expression Promotion of Peaceful Reunification.

                                                                                      1. https://www.colibri.udelar.edu.uy/jspui/bitstream/20.500.12008/23299/1/TMFCS_BritoJuliaValeria.pdf

                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                        2.
                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                        In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                                        No

                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                        More

                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                        62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                        The Chinese community in Uruguay is small. Additionally, the official UWCA's official website does not mention Uruguay.

                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                            3.
                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                            In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                            More

                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                            68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                            Labor union representatives have traveled to China but there are no specific records about meetings with ACFTU in that trip, except in previous exchanges/official visits.

                                                                                            1. https://www.pitcnt.uy/novedades/noticias/item/1768-pit-cnt-en-china-junto-al-presidente-vazquez-en-busca-de-nuevas-oportunidades-para-el-uruguaySINDICATOS%20CONTACTO%20CHINA

                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                              4.
                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                              In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                              No

                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                              More

                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                              50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                              In informal conversation with members of the local community, they did not report of personnel linked to UFWD.

                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                  5.
                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                  In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                  33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                  Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, there is no record of this associations.

                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                      6.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                      35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                      Not donations to religious communities or charity.

                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                          7.
                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                          In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                          38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                          6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                          Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, there is no record of Chinese entertainment products.

                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                              8.
                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                              Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                              60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                              15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                              There are a few films or TV shows produced in Uruguay and there is no relevant references to China.

                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                  9.
                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                  In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                  Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                  67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                  10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                  0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                  Celebrities in Uruguay do not speak about China but there are a few people that live in China and brings a Chinese narrative.

                                                                                                                  1. https://radiouruguay.uy/en-el-sur-de-china-la-crisis-por-coronavirus-disminuye-informo-jana-rodriguez/

                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                    10.
                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                    In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                      Local governments only promotes Chinese studies.

                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                        In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                        50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                        25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                        According to Latinobarometro, 58% of the Uruguayan people share a positive view of the PRC government (2018).

                                                                                                                        1. https://www.latinobarometro.org/latOnline.jsp

                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                          Hide

                                                                                                                          Military

                                                                                                                          The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                                          1.
                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                          My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                          36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                          46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                          1. https://www.infodefensa.com/latam/2020/11/17/noticia-china-material-militar-uruguay-millones-dolares.html

                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                            2.
                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                            My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                            74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                            Uruguay does not exports military equipment to China.

                                                                                                                            1. https://oec.world/en/profile/country/ury

                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                              My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                              66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                              15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                              1. https://www.infodefensa.com/latam/2020/11/17/noticia-china-material-militar-uruguay-millones-dolares.html

                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                Such decisions are not compatible with Uruguay's political tradition. (Interview with academic specialized in defense issues from Universidad de la República)

                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                    In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                    61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                    There are no foreign armies participating in assistance due to humanitarian disasters in Uruguay.

                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/uruguay/hdx-datasets#table/1

                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                      6.
                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                      In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                      77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                      There is no record of Chinese military personnel in Uruguay.

                                                                                                                                      1. https://idsa.in/strategicanalysis/35_5/chinasmilitarydiplomacy_pksingh

                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                        In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                        More than 50 Uruguayans military officials have attended courses in China. (Interview with academic specialized in defense issues from Universidad de la República)

                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                            8.
                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                            In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            China and Uruguay have a agreement about peacekeeping training, but there is no register of training yet.

                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.infodefensa.com/latam/2019/12/27/noticia-ministerio-defensa-uruguay-homologa-acuerdos-cooperacion-defensa-china.html

                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                              9.
                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                              In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                              67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                              The interviewee has never heard of anything similar and thinks it would not be likely. (Interview with academic specialized in defense issues from Universidad de la República)

                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                  In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                  68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                  There is an intention to cooperate more with China in terms of defense.

                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.gub.uy/ministerio-defensa-nacional/comunicacion/noticias/ministerio-defensa-recibio-donacion-materiales-militares-republica-popular

                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                    My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                    There were not military exercises with China.

                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/AEDS-08-2019-0121/full/html

                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                      Hide

                                                                                                                                                      Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                                                      The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                      1.
                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                      My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                      32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                      50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                      In 2020 the legislative approved extradition treaty with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                      1. https://parlamento.gub.uy/documentosyleyes/ficha-asunto/147596

                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                        2.
                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                        In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                        55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                        26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                        Uruguay signed an agreement to cooperate on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.infodefensa.com/latam/2019/12/27/noticia-ministerio-defensa-uruguay-homologa-acuerdos-cooperacion-defensa-china.html

                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                          3.
                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                          In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                          52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                          29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                          There are registers of PRC connected gangs in Argentina but not in Uruguay. Based on an interview with an expert of transnational crime.

                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                              4.
                                                                                                                                                              Pressure

                                                                                                                                                              In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                              49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                              Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, there is no record of Chinese economic espionage.

                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                  5.
                                                                                                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                  37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                  15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                  There are no reports/ suspicion of cyber attack initiated from China.

                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.elobservador.com.uy/nota/uruguay-gasto-us-960-mil-en-resolver-ciberataques-de-alto-impacto-en-el-primer-semestre-202012315500

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    Chinese community is very small in Uruguay and there is no presence of triads. Based on an interview with an expert of transnational crime.

                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                        My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                        30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                        Uruguay uses video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://carnegieendowment.org/files/WP-Feldstein-AISurveillance_final1.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://www.gub.uy/agencia-uruguaya-cooperacion-internacional/comunicacion/noticias/china-dona-equipos-de-video-vigilancia

                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          8.
                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                          Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, there is no record of joint patrols.

                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                              9.
                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                              My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                              68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                              13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                              Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, there is no record of those type of detentions.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                  My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                  71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                  Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, there is no record of deported Taiwan Citizens.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                      11.
                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                      My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                      61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                      21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                      Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, there is no record of deported to China.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                          Technology

                                                                                                                                                                                          The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                                                          1.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                          52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                          30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                          There are not Chinese telecommunication companies operating in Uruguay.

                                                                                                                                                                                          1. http://www.uruguay.enlineados.com/resultados.php?estado=1&pais=uruguay&c1=internet&c2=proveedores_de_internet

                                                                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                          This area has been the most difficult (Technology). The questions are not entirely clear and the information is very difficult to access.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                            2.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                            27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                            30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                            There is a MOU on the topic, but no decisions were taken yet.

                                                                                                                                                                                            1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-08/27/c_138342414.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Skip

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                              8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                Could not find reliable information about the topic.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                  4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                  The PRC and the Huawei supplied the Uruguayan government with digital cameras to be used for security services. Although the equipment were donated, services such as maintenance is provided by the company.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.gub.uy/presidencia/comunicacion/noticias/ministerio-del-interior-presento-sistema-2100-camaras-seguridad-se-colocan
                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.minterior.gub.uy/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6516

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                    .

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Uruguayan officials show interest on the topic, but no decisions were taken yet to establish Chinese smart city systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-04/29/c_137145165.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                          7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Interview with BBVA Bank employee. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.bcu.gub.uy/Comunicaciones/Paginas/Swift_set2014.aspx

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                            8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                            32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Chinese investments in technology startups is not large in Uruguay.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.elobservador.com.uy/nota/wang-gang-las-inversiones-chinas-en-uruguay-dejan-mucho-que-desear--202122612317

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                              9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Through an online search, it was not found MOUs to collaborate on technological development with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In an official report there is no record of Chinese companies, but only WhatsApp, Youtube, Instagram, Facebook.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.gub.uy/agencia-gobierno-electronico-sociedad-informacion-conocimiento/sites/agencia-gobierno-electronico-sociedad-informacion-conocimiento/files/2020-09/Informe%20EUTIC%2009%202020.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Through an online search, there is no record of central or local government(s) that has collaborated with the PRC on the use of Beidou.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Most of the mayors of Uruguayan provinces have visited China and signed cooperation agreements.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. http://www.ci.gub.uy/index.php/2013-06-18-12-04-25/2013-06-18-12-04-50/885-falero-y-la-evaluacion-de-su-presencia-en-china

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Many local municipalities have sister-city ties with China.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.sanjose.gub.uy/falero-firmo-china-hermanamiento-chongqing/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://www.imcanelones.gub.uy/es/noticias/orsi-visito-al-embajador-de-china-en-uruguay-para-afianzar-hermanamientos-entre-los-gobiernos

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NPC has also invited members of Uruguay's political parties to visit China.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. http://en.people.cn/90883/8278220.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Every Uruguayan president since 1988 have visited China.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.elpais.com.uy/informacion/politica/intercambio-orientales-primer-tercer-mundo.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                .

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    There is no record of donations of Chinese companies to Uruguayan politicians running for public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://ladiaria.com.uy/politica/articulo/2020/2/quienes-fueron-los-donantes-de-las-formulas-presidenciales/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      There is no record of United Front Work Department in Uruguay.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.uscc.gov/research/chinas-overseas-united-front-work-background-and-implications-united-states

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, no events of UFWD public statements.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            They express positive views related to economic opportunities but there is not a report specifically about positive or negative image. The reference presents results from interviews with legislators about foreign policy issues, including China.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.colibri.udelar.edu.uy/jspui/bitstream/20.500.12008/8025/1/TD_LopezCamilo.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, no events of this type were found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  There is no record of PRC companies contracted by national governments but there are donations of security equipment (e.g., surveillance cameras).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.gub.uy/agencia-uruguaya-cooperacion-internacional/comunicacion/noticias/china-dona-equipos-de-video-vigilancia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Created in 1992, until 2019 has eleven members. In the new legislature (2020-2024) there is no designation yet but will be soon.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://parlamento.gub.uy/camarasycomisiones/asambleageneral/gai/8?Fecha%5Bdate%5D=27-04-2021+

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Many meeting were held with representatives of the PRC from all the parties in the legislature.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.elpais.com.uy/informacion/parlamento-paga-viaje-tres-legisladores-china.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Civil servants from Ministry of Education and the Agency of innovation attended seminar in China.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.gub.uy/ministerio-educacion-cultura/comunicacion/noticias/docentes-uruguay-china

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2018/12/07/2003705649

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Through an online search, major newspapers and academic journals, no events of hostage diplomacy were found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                There is not explicit document denying Taiwan participation but Uruguay does not support initiatives to include Taiwan in the WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA73/Background_on_supplementary_agenda.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Uruguay supports China's candidate as next FAO General Director.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://en.mercopress.com/2019/03/28/uruguay-supports-china-s-candidate-as-next-fao-director-general

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Uruguayan officials remain neutral about the issue. The country’s position, found in official documents, is that the parties need to resolve the disputes in a peaceful manner through dialogue and negotiation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/esp/wjdt/gongbao/t1407669.shtml

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Uruguay has remained silent about this topic.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://thediplomat.com/2019/07/which-countries-are-for-or-against-chinas-xinjiang-policies/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In the past (2008) Uruguayan legislators expressed concern about the situation in Tibet, but the Executive has remained silent about the issue. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.lr21.com.uy/politica/303251-blancos-promueven-declaracion-ante-la-violencia-en-el-tibet

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Uruguay does neither support nor express concern about PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://thediplomat.com/2020/10/which-countries-support-china-on-hong-kongs-national-security-law/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by another 2 anonymous experts.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
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