Slovakia

$21,087.8
5.44M
Ranking
57/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

96/ 392
Executive partner
Global Voices
Index Year
2022
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

34%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

10%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

10%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Slovakia had a GDP per capita of US$21,088, and a total estimated population of 5.44 million people, with the Chinese population comprising an estimated few thousand people.

Slovak Republic established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1949. Slovak Republic was ranked 27th in Reporters Without Borders’ 2022 World Press Freedom Index, and Free in Freedom House’s 2022 Global Freedom Status with a score of 90/100.

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    25.0% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    36.4% / 34%
  • Economy
    0.0% / 33.6%
  • Society
    36.4% / 23.6%
  • Military
    18.2% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    15.9% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    38.6% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    29.5% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    20.5% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

No

Answer ( 0 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

No evidence found

    Supplementary Notes

    No evidence found

      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

      Hide
      2.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

      No

      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      1 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      39 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      23 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      4 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      14 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      1 countries chose this answer

      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      Not Found

        Supplementary Notes

        No evidence found

          Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

          Hide
          3.
          Exposure

          In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

          Skip

          More

          Skipped

          11 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          15 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          15 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          5 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          23 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          13 countries chose this answer

          71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          There is no proof or evidence, though some might happen in a very discreet way

            Supplementary Notes

            There have been some, though I am not aware of open sources to substantiate

              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

              Hide
              4.
              Exposure

              In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

              Yes

              Answer ( 1 / 4 )

              More

              Skipped

              3 countries chose this answer

              0/ No

              37 countries chose this answer

              1/ Few, but insignificant

              16 countries chose this answer

              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

              2 countries chose this answer

              3/ Few, but significant

              14 countries chose this answer

              4/ More than a few, and significant

              10 countries chose this answer

              79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

              Supporting Evidence

              Influencer PopMatta was participating on Chinese state media organized events. (see below URL)

              1. http://city.cri.cn/2021-06-10/97083be7-3ff1-adf5-c20c-e7d3c7a7dbcb.html

                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                Hide
                5.
                Exposure

                In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

                Yes

                Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                More

                Skipped

                1 countries chose this answer

                0/ No

                24 countries chose this answer

                1/ Few, but insignificant

                22 countries chose this answer

                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                7 countries chose this answer

                3/ Few, but significant

                18 countries chose this answer

                4/ More than a few, and significant

                10 countries chose this answer

                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                Supporting Evidence

                Change to 2. Slovakia is serviced by the Czech branch of China Radio International. Though different language, it is readily understood by almost entire population. CRI has explicitly stated that the Czech channel caters to Slovak audience as well.

                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                    Hide
                    6.
                    Exposure

                    In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

                    No

                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                    More

                    Skipped

                    2 countries chose this answer

                    0/ No

                    44 countries chose this answer

                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                    19 countries chose this answer

                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                    3 countries chose this answer

                    3/ Few, but significant

                    14 countries chose this answer

                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                    0 countries chose this answer

                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                    Supporting Evidence

                    There is no evidence of this.

                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                        Hide
                        7.
                        Exposure

                        In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

                        No

                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                        More

                        Skipped

                        3 countries chose this answer

                        0/ No

                        22 countries chose this answer

                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                        21 countries chose this answer

                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                        6 countries chose this answer

                        3/ Few, but significant

                        23 countries chose this answer

                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                        7 countries chose this answer

                        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                        Supporting Evidence

                        The only thing worth noting here is that certain Slovak fringe media outlets carried several articles signed by Chinese ambassador.

                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                            Hide
                            8.
                            Exposure

                            In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

                            Yes

                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                            More

                            Skipped

                            1 countries chose this answer

                            0/ No

                            38 countries chose this answer

                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                            13 countries chose this answer

                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                            7 countries chose this answer

                            3/ Few, but significant

                            15 countries chose this answer

                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                            8 countries chose this answer

                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                            Supporting Evidence

                            Trend magazine published paid for content by Chinese embassy on Hong Kong 2019 protests. (see below URL)

                            1. https://warsawinstitute.org/chinese-influence-slovak-information-media-space/

                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                              Hide
                              9.
                              Pressure

                              In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                              No

                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                              More

                              Skipped

                              1 countries chose this answer

                              0/ No

                              57 countries chose this answer

                              4/ Yes

                              24 countries chose this answer

                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                              Supporting Evidence

                              Not Found

                                Supplementary Notes

                                No evidence found

                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                  Hide
                                  10.
                                  Effect

                                  In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                                  No

                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                  More

                                  Skipped

                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                  0/ No

                                  51 countries chose this answer

                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                  78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                  Supporting Evidence

                                  Not Found

                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                      Hide
                                      11.
                                      Effect

                                      In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                                      Yes

                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                      More

                                      Skipped

                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                      0/ No

                                      44 countries chose this answer

                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                      18 countries chose this answer

                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                      Supporting Evidence

                                      These narratives readily appear in certain fringe disinformation media. (see below URL)

                                      1. https://ceias.eu/from-east-with-love/

                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                        Hide

                                        Academia

                                        The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                                        1.
                                        Exposure

                                        In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                                        Yes

                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        0/ No

                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                        31 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                        25 countries chose this answer

                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                        Huawei made substantial contracts with several tech universities, possibly resulting in IP transfers. Overall, Slovak unis and research center maintain approx. 140 different relations with Chinese entities, including those linked to military. (see below URLs)

                                        1. https://www.trend.sk/spravy/huawei-technologies-oslavil-slovensku-svoje-15-vyrocie
                                        2. https://ceias.eu/slovak-universities-have-a-china-problemand-they-dont-even-know-it/
                                        3. https://academytracker.ceias.eu

                                          Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                          Hide
                                          2.
                                          Exposure

                                          In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                                          Yes

                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                          More

                                          0/ No

                                          5 countries chose this answer

                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                          14 countries chose this answer

                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                          5 countries chose this answer

                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                          31 countries chose this answer

                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                          27 countries chose this answer

                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                          Hide
                                          3.
                                          Exposure

                                          My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                                          Yes

                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                          More

                                          Skipped

                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                          0/ No

                                          46 countries chose this answer

                                          4/ Yes

                                          35 countries chose this answer

                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                          Supporting Evidence

                                          In both elementary and secondary schools but still an exception and not scaled up. (see below URLs)

                                          1. https://eduworld.sk/cd/redakcia/4657/cinske-gymnazium-banska-bystrica
                                          2. https://ceias.eu/chinas-inroads-into-slovak-universities/

                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                            Hide
                                            4.
                                            Exposure

                                            In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                                            No

                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            40 countries chose this answer

                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                            17 countries chose this answer

                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                            14 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            Don't belong but collaborate. (see below URL)

                                            1. https://www.euractiv.com/section/all/short_news/slovak-university-researchers-delivered-weekly-briefings-to-controversial-chinese-think-tank/

                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                              Hide
                                              5.
                                              Exposure

                                              In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                              Yes

                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                              More

                                              Skipped

                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                              0/ No

                                              21 countries chose this answer

                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                              19 countries chose this answer

                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                              72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                              Supporting Evidence

                                              Not Found

                                              1. https://academytracker.ceias.eu/

                                                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                Hide
                                                6.
                                                Exposure

                                                In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                                No

                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                More

                                                Skipped

                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                0/ No

                                                47 countries chose this answer

                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                Not Found

                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                  Depends on whether student level recruitments are to be included. Several unis participate on Huawei Seeds for Future

                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                    Hide
                                                    7.
                                                    Exposure

                                                    In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                    No

                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                    More

                                                    Skipped

                                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                                    0/ No

                                                    17 countries chose this answer

                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                    15 countries chose this answer

                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                    69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                    No supporting evidence

                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                        Hide
                                                        8.
                                                        Pressure

                                                        In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                                        No

                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                        More

                                                        Skipped

                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                        0/ No

                                                        64 countries chose this answer

                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                        5 countries chose this answer

                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                        No documented evidence though there is suspicion it is happening. (see below URL)

                                                        1. academytracker.ceias.eu

                                                          Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                          Hide
                                                          9.
                                                          Pressure

                                                          In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                                          No

                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                          More

                                                          Skipped

                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                          0/ No

                                                          64 countries chose this answer

                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                          0 countries chose this answer

                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                          6 countries chose this answer

                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                          75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                          Medzi slovenských aktérov, ktorí sa o Číne vyjadrovali negatívnejšie, patria v prvom rade novinári (Peter Morvay, Andrej Matišák, Matúš Krčmárik a ďalší), akademici (Martin Slobodník),

                                                              Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                              Hide
                                                              10.
                                                              Effect

                                                              In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                                              No

                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                              More

                                                              Skipped

                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                              0/ No

                                                              64 countries chose this answer

                                                              4/ Yes

                                                              16 countries chose this answer

                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                              Not Found

                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                Only in Confucius institutes that are major providers of Chinese language education, incl. on elementary and high school level. See Link so it depends if the question is about Slovak Universities as such or the overall curriculum that is available to students.

                                                                1. https://ceias.eu/chinas-inroads-into-slovak-universities/

                                                                Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                Hide
                                                                11.
                                                                Effect

                                                                In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                                                No

                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                More

                                                                Skipped

                                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                                0/ No

                                                                65 countries chose this answer

                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                No supporting evidence

                                                                    Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                    Hide

                                                                    Economy

                                                                    The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                                    1.
                                                                    Exposure

                                                                    The PRC is my country's number one trading partner (for trade in goods only).

                                                                    No

                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    No, and not even in the top 10 in 2019 before the pandemic. (see below URL)

                                                                    1. https://flo.uri.sh/visualisation/2946670/embed

                                                                      Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                      Hide
                                                                      2.
                                                                      Exposure

                                                                      PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                                      No

                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      Skipped

                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      77 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      Not Found

                                                                          Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                          Hide
                                                                          3.
                                                                          Exposure

                                                                          The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                                          No

                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                          More

                                                                          0/ No

                                                                          62 countries chose this answer

                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                          20 countries chose this answer

                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                          Not Found

                                                                          1. ​​https://www.trend.sk/trend-archiv/najvacsie-firmy-slovenska-tazobny-priemysel

                                                                            Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                            Hide
                                                                            4.
                                                                            Exposure

                                                                            In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                                            No

                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                            More

                                                                            0/ No

                                                                            36 countries chose this answer

                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                            Not Found

                                                                            1. https://www.metalbulletin.com/Article/3733036/Chinas-Hesteel-stalls-negotiations-for-US-Steel-Kosice-takeover-local-media-say.html

                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                            Though until August 2021, CITIC owned a minority indirect share in Swan, private company that operates governmental communication network.

                                                                              Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                              Hide
                                                                              5.
                                                                              Exposure

                                                                              My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                                              No

                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                              More

                                                                              0/ No

                                                                              27 countries chose this answer

                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                              55 countries chose this answer

                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                              Not Found

                                                                              1. https://www.aiib.org/en/about-aiib/governance/members-of-bank/index.html

                                                                                Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                Hide
                                                                                6.
                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                                                No

                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                1. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308625087_Chinese_financial_presence_in_Slovakia_and_Slovak_'China_Policy'

                                                                                  Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                  7.
                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                  My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                                                  No

                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                  More

                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                  64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                  18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                      Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                      8.
                                                                                      Pressure

                                                                                      In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                                                      No

                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                      More

                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                      65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                      15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                          Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                          9.
                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                          My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                                          No

                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                          More

                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                          51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                          31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                          1. http://fta.mofcom.gov.cn/english/index.shtml

                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                            10.
                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                            In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                                            No

                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                            More

                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                            47 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                            35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                                                No

                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                More

                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                76 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                  Though Bank of China held lien on Swan Mobile 4G network. Since the debt was repaid in timely manner, no exercise of lien rights occurred

                                                                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                    Hide

                                                                                                    Society

                                                                                                    The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                    In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                    49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                    Several UFWD organizations operate in Slovakia (at least 17), though they are not very active.

                                                                                                    1. : http://sk.china-embassy.gov.cn/chn/sgxx/dongtai1/202208/t20220804_10734677.htm

                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                      19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                      1. http://www.rmzxb.com.cn/c/2017-06-20/1603851.shtml?n2m=1

                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                        3.
                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                        In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                        68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                          No evidence

                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                            In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                            50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                            1. http://sk.china-embassy.gov.cn/dshd/202108/t20210827_8960319.htm
                                                                                                            2. https://www.163.com/dy/article/GKFL85640514BIH4.html

                                                                                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                              5.
                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                              In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                              Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                              33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                              25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                              8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                              8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                              1. https://kknews.cc/zh-sg/culture/83az994.html
                                                                                                              2. http://www.cevia.eu/Ueber-uns/

                                                                                                                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                Chinese diaspora organizations closely linked to Chinese Embassy have been making donations to support victims of housing block explosion, and to covid relief fund. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                1. https://www.aktuality.sk/clanok/778955/cinania-zhanali-ruska-a-respiratory-aj-na-slovensku-prebehli-najmenej-dve-zbierky/

                                                                                                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                  7.
                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                  In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                  38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                  21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                      8.
                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                      Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                      60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                      15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                          Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                          In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                          67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                          0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                          But some Slovak YouTubers do relay the Beijing narrative, while they are not celebrities and publish mostly for audiences inside China. (see below URLs)

                                                                                                                          1. https://www.guancha.cn/CaoYeMan/2022_03_07_629128.shtml
                                                                                                                          2. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTW7xYWZZVhQjI9pDGO6O1g/featured

                                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                            In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                            54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Hide

                                                                                                                                Military

                                                                                                                                The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                                                1.
                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                Explanatory note: There is only 0.4% of arms and ammunition imports. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                1. https://tradingeconomics.com/slovakia/imports/china/arms-ammunition-parts-accessories

                                                                                                                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                  2.
                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                  My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                  74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                  In 2020 arms and ammunition exports to China were worth 2000 USD. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                  1. https://tradingeconomics.com/slovakia/exports/china/arms-ammunition-parts-accessories

                                                                                                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                    My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                    66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                    15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                        4.
                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                        In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                            5.
                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                            In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                    7.
                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                    In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                    48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                    34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                        In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                        67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                            In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                10.
                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                The military magazine Armadny Magazin writes positively about Chinese military equipment and technological advantage.

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                    My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                        Hide

                                                                                                                                                                        Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                                                                        The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                        1.
                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                        My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                        32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://merics.org/sites/default/files/2021-01/210118%20Merics%20EU-China%20Mappings%20final.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          2.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                          While there is no specific agreement on this, law enforcement has been engaging in cooperation with China law enforcement on crime preventions, including terrorism. Representatives of Police participated on anti-terrorism trainings in PRC. (Per Interior Ministry response to FOIA request filed by CEIAS in 2020)

                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                              52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                              29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                  4.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                  49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://warsawinstitute.org/czech-slovak-intelligence-report-china/
                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.sis.gov.sk/pre-vas/sprava-o-cinnosti.html

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        6.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                            7.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                            30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                            51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                            Hikvision cameras have been used in border patrol, as well as prison monitoring systems. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://dennikn.sk/2149583/problem-hikvision-ako-slovensko-pusta-rizikovu-cinsku-firmu-do-bezpecnostnej-infrastruktury/

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                              8.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                  9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                  My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                      My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                          My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Technology

                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                              30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Most of 4G networks run on huawei/zte equipment. Also, smaller telecom operators were relying on ZTE to develop 5G network. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-china-huawei-slovakia-idUSKCN1PO1TO

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Decision on 5G using Chinese technology as well as a new national strategy is pending, at the same time Huawei routers are widely used. (see below URLs)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-china-huawei-slovakia-idUSKCN1PO1TO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. https://chinaobservers.eu/china-in-the-slovak-security-strategy-a-step-in-the-right-direction/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      There have been reports of Hikvision equipment used in traffic monitoring, border control, prisoner control. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://dennikn.sk/2149583/problem-hikvision-ako-slovensko-pusta-rizikovu-cinsku-firmu-do-bezpecnostnej-infrastruktury/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No - only with Taiwan. (see below URLs)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/4393193
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/f1-Slovakia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3. https://clustercollaboration.eu/content/slovak-smart-city-cluster

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://chinaobservers.eu/chinas-sticks-and-carrots-in-central-europe-the-logic-and-power-of-chinese-influence/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TikTok is the 3rd most popular social network. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.go4insight.com/post/ko%C4%BEko-slov%C3%A1kov-je-na-soci%C3%A1lnych-sie%C5%A5ach-v-roku-2022

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. http://www.amo.cz/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Mapinfluence-policy-paper-SK.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. https://ceias.eu/under-the-radar/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Junket trips for local and national politicians are known to have occurred. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. http://www.amo.cz/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Mapinfluence-policy-paper-SK.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B%EF%BC%8D%E6%96%AF%E6%B4%9B%E4%BC%90%E5%85%8B%E9%97%9C%E4%BF%82

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supreme Court justices traveled to China on several occasions. Trainings on low enforcement and anti-terrorism occurred as well. (based on FOIA request responses by Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Justice to CEIAS in 2020)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    China has been rarely point of political discourse, but on those few occasions, positive statements were made by high ranking officials, including Prime Minister and ministers, and MPs. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://chinaobservers.eu/chinas-sticks-and-carrots-in-central-europe-the-logic-and-power-of-chinese-influence/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No evidence found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No evidence found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.nrsr.sk/web/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://www.nrsr.sk/web/Default.aspx?sid=poslanci/zpc&PoslanecID=275&CisObdobia=6

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://dennikn.sk/minuta/584182/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.webnoviny.sk/spolu-to-zvladneme-lepsie-taiwan-moze-pomoct/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No evidence found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Oppose

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Oppose

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.irozhlas.cz/zpravy-svet/zuzana-caputova-lidska-prava-cina-svoboda-slovensko_1907101541_dbr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by , and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Oppose

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In 2020 Parliament adopted resolution demanding release of Panchen Lama. (see below URL)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.irozhlas.cz/zpravy-svet/zuzana-caputova-lidska-prava-cina-svoboda-slovensko_1907101541_dbr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Filip Noubel

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Oppose

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.irozhlas.cz/zpravy-svet/zuzana-caputova-lidska-prava-cina-svoboda-slovensko_1907101541_dbr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Filip Noubel, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
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