Mexico

$9,926.42
130.3M
Ranking
28/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

150/ 396
Executive partner
Fundación Andrés Bello - Centro de Investigación Chino Latinoamericano
Index Year
2021
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

44%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

17%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

34%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Mexico had a GDP per capita of US$9,926 and a total population of 130.3 million people.

Mexico established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1972. Mexico was ranked 127th in Reporters Without Borders' 2022 World Press Freedom Index, and Partly Free in Freedom House's 2022 Global Freedom Status, with a score of 60/100.

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    27.3% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    50.0% / 34%
  • Economy
    9.1% / 33.6%
  • Society
    38.6% / 23.6%
  • Military
    27.3% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    34.1% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    36.4% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    56.8% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    61.4% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

Yes

Answer ( 3 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

Not Found

  1. https://dusselpeters.com/CECHIMEX/libroDirectorio2014.pdf
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20211203042221/https://www.mohuatang.com/
  3. http://site.onemex.com/class.php?column_id=6&class_id=32

Supplementary Notes

This question wasn’t completely clear to me. The following China 's media organizations are established in Mexico: Agencia de Noticias Xinhua, Diario del Pueblo, Radio Internacional de China, Revista China hoy y Siente China. If the question refers to “The World Chinese Media”, there’s a small piece of information in its page. There’s just one link for Mexico, and redirect the page to:墨华堂 - 认真地生活在墨西哥 (Link). When I was looking for information about this page, I found two other pages: 墨西哥 - 墨西哥华人网址导航_墨西哥网站大全_墨西哥购物网址_墨西哥旅行社_墨华网 (Link ) In this one, there’s a section called “China media organizations, but just one of the links opens. (mohuatang.com) and 注册免费送48元-博壹论坛免费白菜大全-博壹论坛免费白菜大全 (Link) (be careful with this last page, it has malware).

  1. http://site.onemex.com/class.php?column_id=6&class_id=32
  2. http://site.onemex.com/class.php?column_id=6&class_id=32
  3. http://chinomx.com/byf.php

Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

Hide
2.
Exposure

In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

No

Answer ( 0 / 4 )

More

Skipped

1 countries chose this answer

0/ No

39 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

23 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

14 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

1 countries chose this answer

81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

The Belt and Road Media Cooperation Union. (2017). Link

  1. https://brnalink.com/members.html
  2. http://upload.videochina.org.cn/2017/0417/1492407544734.pdf
  3. http://en.brnn.com/n3/2020/0226/c415019-9662060.html

Supplementary Notes

In Mexico, no media organization belongs to the Belt and Road News Alliance, nor the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Union. Although Mexico is not a member of the Belt and Road News Alliance nor the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Union. The Mexican State News Agency (NOTIMEX) is a Council Member of the Belt and Road News Network (BRNN).

    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

    Hide
    3.
    Exposure

    In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

    Yes

    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

    More

    Skipped

    11 countries chose this answer

    0/ No

    15 countries chose this answer

    1/ Few, but insignificant

    15 countries chose this answer

    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

    5 countries chose this answer

    3/ Few, but significant

    23 countries chose this answer

    4/ More than a few, and significant

    13 countries chose this answer

    71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

    Supporting Evidence

    Not Found

    1. https://clubprimeraplana.com.mx/periodistas-mexicanos-del-club-primera-plana-visitan-china-e3Te35OTe33e3A.html
    2. https://www.e1debatecolima.com/posts/fapermex-en-china

    Supplementary Notes

    In Mexico, there are groups of journalists (Club Primera Plana (CPP), Federación Nacional de Periodistas Mexicanos (FAPERMEX)), working to be a bridge to increase the journalist visits and exchanges with China. All the known visits were for those organizations, and their journalists. Those organizations have collaborated with China under an agreement for the cultural exchange between Mexico and China. The FAPERMEX is working so the CONALIPE (Colegio Nacional de Licenciados en Periodismo) be included by the Asociación de Periodistas de la República Popular de China under the initiative for the creation of the International Federation of Journalist of the Road and Belt.

      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

      Hide
      4.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

      No

      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      3 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      37 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      16 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      2 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      14 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      10 countries chose this answer

      79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      Not Found

      1. http://espanol.cri.cn/news/china/1019/20191203/388644.html
      2. https://macroeconomia.com.mx/ocho-periodistas-mexicanos-viajan-a-china/
      3. https://cimacnoticias.com.mx/noticia/mexico-china-un-intercambio-para-la-comunicacion/

      Supplementary Notes

      We could corroborate many trips to China by Mexican journalists paid by the PRC, but none specifically for training.

        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

        Hide
        5.
        Exposure

        In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

        Yes

        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

        More

        Skipped

        1 countries chose this answer

        0/ No

        24 countries chose this answer

        1/ Few, but insignificant

        22 countries chose this answer

        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

        7 countries chose this answer

        3/ Few, but significant

        18 countries chose this answer

        4/ More than a few, and significant

        10 countries chose this answer

        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

        Supporting Evidence

        Not Found

        1. https://issuu.com/chinahoymx
        2. https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=1098221623995358&ref=watch_permalink
        3. https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=2051395258335945

        Supplementary Notes

        The last link, I couldn’t find any information about this influencer, and if she is supported by the Chinese government. I put it because if there’s a relation between the influencer and the Chinese government, it will change the influence in Mexico, because Imagen radio and excelsior.com.mx have more influence.

          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

          Hide
          6.
          Exposure

          In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

          Yes

          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

          More

          Skipped

          2 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          44 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          19 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          3 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          14 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          0 countries chose this answer

          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          Not Found

          1. https://rsf.org/sites/default/files/en_rapport_chine_web_final.pdf
          2. https://freebeacon.com/national-security/mexican-radio-beam-chinese-propaganda/

          Supplementary Notes

          There’s evidence that in 2018, the radio station XEWW-AM 690, located in Rosarito, Mexico, was sold by Grupo Latino de Radio (Prisa’s Radio subsidiary) to Phoenix TV, which is a Pro-Beijing subsidiary.

            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

            Hide
            7.
            Exposure

            In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

            Yes

            Answer ( 1 / 4 )

            More

            Skipped

            3 countries chose this answer

            0/ No

            22 countries chose this answer

            1/ Few, but insignificant

            21 countries chose this answer

            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

            6 countries chose this answer

            3/ Few, but significant

            23 countries chose this answer

            4/ More than a few, and significant

            7 countries chose this answer

            79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

            Supporting Evidence

            Canal 6Tv, la televisión de Oriente, is the media outlet that has delivered content provided by PRC under a news’ segment called “De China para México”. This segment is done under the collaboration of China Media Group (CMG). This media outlet has its own web page: Link It also has a presence in Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube. According to Facebook, it is a TV channel that covers the most relevant events in the eastern zone of Estado de Mexico (one of the state members of the Mexican Federal Republic), and it has 289 871 followers. Canal 6 Tv | Facebook On Twitter, it has 9480 followers Link , and finally, on youtube, it has 34200 subscribers. https:// www.youtube.com/channel/UCgJa0SnqfGipe6hs1-rv1Fg

            1. https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=220764559823397&ref=watch_permalink
            2. https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=1098221623995358&ref=watch_permalink

              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

              Hide
              8.
              Exposure

              In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

              Yes

              Answer ( 1 / 4 )

              More

              Skipped

              1 countries chose this answer

              0/ No

              38 countries chose this answer

              1/ Few, but insignificant

              13 countries chose this answer

              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

              7 countries chose this answer

              3/ Few, but significant

              15 countries chose this answer

              4/ More than a few, and significant

              8 countries chose this answer

              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

              Supporting Evidence

              Not Found

              1. https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=1167884737024675
              2. http://espanol.cri.cn/videos/culture/1032/20210413/642291.html

              Supplementary Notes

              This program has published several spots in excelsior.com.mx, it isn’t clear the connection with the PRC state-media, but I found that some of these spots have been also aired by: China Viva: ¿Cuánto tardarías en recorrer la Gran Muralla China?-Espanol (cri.cn)

                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                Hide
                9.
                Pressure

                In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                No

                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                More

                Skipped

                1 countries chose this answer

                0/ No

                57 countries chose this answer

                4/ Yes

                24 countries chose this answer

                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                Supporting Evidence

                No evidence found.

                  Supplementary Notes

                  There’s no evidence that this indicator has appeared in Mexico.

                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                    Hide
                    10.
                    Effect

                    In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                    No

                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                    More

                    Skipped

                    4 countries chose this answer

                    0/ No

                    51 countries chose this answer

                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                    11 countries chose this answer

                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                    3 countries chose this answer

                    3/ Few, but significant

                    9 countries chose this answer

                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                    4 countries chose this answer

                    78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                    Supporting Evidence

                    No evidence found.

                      Supplementary Notes

                      There’s no evidence that this indicator has appeared in Mexico.

                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                        Hide
                        11.
                        Effect

                        In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                        No

                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                        More

                        Skipped

                        2 countries chose this answer

                        0/ No

                        44 countries chose this answer

                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                        18 countries chose this answer

                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                        4 countries chose this answer

                        3/ Few, but significant

                        9 countries chose this answer

                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                        5 countries chose this answer

                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                        Supporting Evidence

                        There’s a great quantity of evidence that shows that media personalities have seen these actions as human right abuses. 1. (30) Campos de concentración en China, con Zumret Isaac | Revista de la Universidad - YouTube 2. Campos de concentración en China (razon.com.mx) 3. ONG denuncia construcción de 380 campos de concentración en China desde 2017 | Aristegui Noticias 4. "China cometió genocidio y crímenes de lesa humanidad", afirma administración Trump (notipress.mx)

                        1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=84_14s_aUp0
                        2. https://www.razon.com.mx/opinion/columnas/leonardo-nunez-gonzalez/campos-concentracion-china-399078
                        3. https://aristeguinoticias.com/2409/mundo/ong-denuncia-construccion-de-380-campos-de-concentracion-en-china-desde-2017/
                        4. https://notipress.mx/actualidad/china-genocidio-crimenes-lesa-humanidad-administracion-trump-6219

                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                          Hide

                          Academia

                          The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                          1.
                          Exposure

                          In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                          Yes

                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                          More

                          0/ No

                          9 countries chose this answer

                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                          11 countries chose this answer

                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                          6 countries chose this answer

                          3/ Few, but significant

                          31 countries chose this answer

                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                          25 countries chose this answer

                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                          Hide
                          2.
                          Exposure

                          In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                          Yes

                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                          More

                          0/ No

                          5 countries chose this answer

                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                          14 countries chose this answer

                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                          5 countries chose this answer

                          3/ Few, but significant

                          31 countries chose this answer

                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                          27 countries chose this answer

                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                          Supporting Evidence

                          Not Found

                          1. http://mx.china-embassy.org/esp/zmgx/t1248625.htm
                          2. http://www.uadyglobal.uady.mx/index.php?modulo=contenido&id=143

                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                            Hide
                            3.
                            Exposure

                            My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                            Yes

                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                            More

                            Skipped

                            1 countries chose this answer

                            0/ No

                            46 countries chose this answer

                            4/ Yes

                            35 countries chose this answer

                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                            Supporting Evidence

                            Not Found

                            1. https://www.excelsior.com.mx/opinion/columnista-invitado-global/2016/08/26/1113246
                            2. https://dusselpeters.com/CECHIMEX/20180901_CECHIMEX_Inclusion_de_estudiantes_chinos_al_sistema_educativo_mexicano_Jessica_da_Costa_Dantas.pdf

                            Supplementary Notes

                            There isn’t a lot of information, but I can say, it seems to be a pilot test. The Hanban Mexico sends some Chinese Voluntary teachers to elementary schools in Mexico.

                              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                              Hide
                              4.
                              Exposure

                              In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                              No

                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                              More

                              Skipped

                              2 countries chose this answer

                              0/ No

                              40 countries chose this answer

                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                              17 countries chose this answer

                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                              7 countries chose this answer

                              3/ Few, but significant

                              14 countries chose this answer

                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                              2 countries chose this answer

                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                              Supporting Evidence

                              Not Found

                              1. http://www.brsn.net/list/zhikujigou_en/index.html

                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                Hide
                                5.
                                Exposure

                                In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                Yes

                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                More

                                Skipped

                                10 countries chose this answer

                                0/ No

                                21 countries chose this answer

                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                11 countries chose this answer

                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                11 countries chose this answer

                                3/ Few, but significant

                                19 countries chose this answer

                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                10 countries chose this answer

                                72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                Supporting Evidence

                                Not Found

                                1. https://www.redalc-china.org/v21/es-es/
                                2. https://www.redalc-china.org/v21/es-es/quienes-somos/2015-09-28-13-33-23/instituciones

                                Supplementary Notes

                                En el programa del más reciente Seminario Internacional sobre China y ALC, organizado por unos de los Think Tanks más importantes sobre este tema en México, la Red China ALC se deja constancia de la participación institucional del Development Research Center del Consejo de Estado de China. Cabe destacar que la participación institucional implica el pago de una cuota anual.

                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                  Hide
                                  6.
                                  Exposure

                                  In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                  No

                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                  More

                                  Skipped

                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                  0/ No

                                  47 countries chose this answer

                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                  10 countries chose this answer

                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                  Supporting Evidence

                                  Not Found

                                  1. https://en.ses.ustc.edu.cn/7415/list.htm

                                  Supplementary Notes

                                  No hay información oficial sobre el reclutamiento de estudiantes o profesionales mexicanos en la página web de ambos programas

                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                    Hide
                                    7.
                                    Exposure

                                    In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                    Yes

                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                    More

                                    Skipped

                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                    0/ No

                                    17 countries chose this answer

                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                    15 countries chose this answer

                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                    69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                    Supporting Evidence

                                    Not Found

                                    1. http://www.economia.unam.mx/cechimex/index.php/en/scholarship-program
                                    2. https://www.gob.mx/sre/prensa/166624

                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                      Hide
                                      8.
                                      Pressure

                                      In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                      No

                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                      More

                                      Skipped

                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                      0/ No

                                      64 countries chose this answer

                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                      Supporting Evidence

                                      Not Found

                                      1. https://china.unam.mx/2015/07/28/la-unam-recibe-al-45-de-los-universitarios-chinos-que-estudiaran-en-mexico-este-ano/

                                      Supplementary Notes

                                      En primer lugar, cabe destacar que aun cuando existen una importante cantidad de estudiantes chinos (ver link), no existe evidencia sobre la existencia de una Asociación de Estudiantes y Profesores Chinos en México. Por tal motivo, al no existir dicha organización en México, se estima que la respuesta a esta pregunta es “0”

                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                        Hide
                                        9.
                                        Pressure

                                        In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                        No

                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        Skipped

                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                        0/ No

                                        64 countries chose this answer

                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                        75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                        No evidence found.

                                          Supplementary Notes

                                          No hay evidencia que compruebe la cancelación o negación de visas a académicos o investigadores mexicanos para viajar a China

                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                            Hide
                                            10.
                                            Effect

                                            In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                            Yes

                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ Yes

                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            Not Found

                                            1. https://dusselpeters.com/CECHIMEX/20210421_CECHIMEX_Instituto_Confucio_UNAM_condiciones_retos_Jenny_Acosta.pdf
                                            2. http://www.economia.unam.mx/cechimex/chmxExtras/seminarios/Public_electric_22.10.2012/Seminario%2040%20anhios/Mesa%204/Lingyan%20Zhou.pdf

                                            Supplementary Notes

                                            Aunque no existe evidencia de una influencia de organismos conectados a la RPC sobre temas históricos o económicos, sí podemos asegurar que a través de los Instituto Confucio de México se promueven e incentivan actividades curriculares favorables a la RPC.

                                              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                              Hide
                                              11.
                                              Effect

                                              In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                              No

                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                              More

                                              Skipped

                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                              0/ No

                                              65 countries chose this answer

                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                              77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                              Supporting Evidence

                                              Not Found

                                              1. http://www.mexicoylacuencadelpacifico.cucsh.udg.mx/index.php/mc/article/view/602
                                              2. http://pueaa.unam.mx/multimedia/etnia-uigur-la-busqueda-de-la-libertad-y-la-identidad-de-los-musulmanes-en-la-republica-popular-de-china
                                              3. https://repositorio.colmex.mx/concern/theses/9019s277n?locale=es

                                              Supplementary Notes

                                              Contrario a lo que se pueda pensar, en diversos centros universitarios de México se han realizado estudios superiores, artículos o artículos de opinión criticando la situación de la etnia Uighur en la provincia de Xinjiang

                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                Hide

                                                Economy

                                                The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                1.
                                                Exposure

                                                The PRC is my country's number one trading partner (for trade in goods only).

                                                No

                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                More

                                                0/ No

                                                51 countries chose this answer

                                                4/ Yes

                                                31 countries chose this answer

                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                Not Found

                                                1. https://www.banxico.org.mx/SieInternet/consultarDirectorioInternetAction.do?sector=1&accion=consultarCuadroAnalitico&idCuadro=CA7&locale=es
                                                2. https://www.banxico.org.mx/SieInternet/consultarDirectorioInternetAction.do?sector=1&accion=consultarCuadroAnalitico&idCuadro=CA6&locale=es

                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                El primer socio comercial de México es Estados Unidos de América.

                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                  Hide
                                                  2.
                                                  Exposure

                                                  PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                  No

                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                  More

                                                  Skipped

                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                  0/ No

                                                  77 countries chose this answer

                                                  4/ Yes

                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                  Not Found

                                                  1. https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/economia/Deuda-Externa-de-Mexico-A-quien-le-debe-Mexico-Cuanto-debe-20181126-0053.html
                                                  2. https://www.dusselpeters.com/146.pdf

                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                    Hide
                                                    3.
                                                    Exposure

                                                    The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                    No

                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                    More

                                                    0/ No

                                                    62 countries chose this answer

                                                    4/ Yes

                                                    20 countries chose this answer

                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                    Not Found

                                                    1. https://wits.worldbank.org/countrysnapshot/es/MEX

                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                    El principal comprador de productos extractivos mexicanos es EEUU.

                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                      Hide
                                                      4.
                                                      Exposure

                                                      In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                      Yes

                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                      More

                                                      0/ No

                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                      4/ Yes

                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                      Not Found

                                                      1. https://www.redalc-china.org/monitor/informacion-por-pais/busqueda-por-pais/20-mexico
                                                      2. https://hutchisonportslct.com/conoce-lctpc/grupo-hph/

                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                      Desde el año 2000 en adelante, la RPC ha venido haciendo una serie de inversiones directas (tanto proyectos nuevos como fusiones y adquisiciones) en territorio mexicano, lo cual le ha llevado a tener control accionario o incluso operar algunos puertos del país, así como también una serie de empresas que prestan servicios eléctricos en el este país lationamericano. La base de datos de la Red China- América Latina específica estas transacciones.

                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                        Hide
                                                        5.
                                                        Exposure

                                                        My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                        No

                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                        More

                                                        0/ No

                                                        27 countries chose this answer

                                                        4/ Yes

                                                        55 countries chose this answer

                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                        Not Found

                                                        1. https://www.aiib.org/en/about-aiib/governance/members-of-bank/index.html

                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                          Hide
                                                          6.
                                                          Exposure

                                                          In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                          No

                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                          More

                                                          0/ No

                                                          41 countries chose this answer

                                                          4/ Yes

                                                          41 countries chose this answer

                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                          Not Found

                                                          1. http://www.srcic.com/silk-road-members/?page=1
                                                          2. https://www.bricaistanbul.com/overview/brica-members/
                                                          3. https://www.brgcc.hk/

                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                            Hide
                                                            7.
                                                            Pressure

                                                            My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                            No

                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                            More

                                                            0/ No

                                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                                            4/ Yes

                                                            18 countries chose this answer

                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                            No evidence found.

                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                              No existe ningún tipo de evidencia sobre acciones coercitivas de China en contra de México en el ámbito económico descrito en la pregunta. Al contrario, ambos países mantienen una excelente relación en este aspecto.

                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                Hide
                                                                8.
                                                                Pressure

                                                                In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                                No

                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                More

                                                                Skipped

                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                0/ No

                                                                65 countries chose this answer

                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                Not Found

                                                                1. https://www.roc-taiwan.org/mx_es/post/13.html
                                                                2. https://www.roc-taiwan.org/mx_es/index.html

                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                A pesar de que México reconoce a la RPC como el legítimo gobierno de China, todavía mantiene relaciones económicas y culturales con Taiwán. Inclusive México ha colocado parte de sus emisiones de bonos en el mercado de valores taiwanés. Además, empresas mexicanas y entidades subnacionales realizan negocios con sus contrapartes taiwanesas sin que esto perjudique su relación con la RPC.

                                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                  Hide
                                                                  9.
                                                                  Effect

                                                                  My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                  No

                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                  More

                                                                  0/ No

                                                                  51 countries chose this answer

                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                  No evidence found.

                                                                  1. http://fta.mofcom.gov.cn/english/fta_qianshu.shtm

                                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                    Hide
                                                                    10.
                                                                    Effect

                                                                    In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                    No

                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    47 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    35 countries chose this answer

                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    Not Found

                                                                    1. https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/estados/AMLO-pone-fin-a-Zonas-Economicas-Especiales-20190426-0026.html
                                                                    2. https://www.banxico.org.mx/publicaciones-y-prensa/reportes-sobre-las-economias-regionales/recuadros/%7B20867F6A-F174-04D0-9A04-BB846DB7EFC3%7D.pdf
                                                                    3. https://www.france24.com/es/20200201-mexico-t-mec-reto-crecimiento-comercial

                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                    A pesar de que el gobierno de Enrique Peña Nieto decretó la conformación de siete zonas económicas especiales para atraer inversión directa, (de este país asiatico y de otros) el actual gobierno de Andrés Manuel López Obrador revirtió esta medida. Quedando como marco comercial entre ambos países el tratado sobre inversiones firmado por Felipe Calderón en 2006.(Link). Adicionalmente, con la firma del nuevo TMEC, México se adhiere a un marco que dificulta nuevas inversiones de China en la zona de América del Norte.

                                                                    1. https://www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/2288/SE_China_esp-firma.pdf

                                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                    Hide
                                                                    11.
                                                                    Effect

                                                                    In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                    No

                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    Skipped

                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    76 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    Link (buscar artículo sobre México, página 373)

                                                                    1. https://www.dusselpeters.com/146.pdf

                                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                      Hide

                                                                      Society

                                                                      The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                      1.
                                                                      Exposure

                                                                      In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                      No

                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      Skipped

                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      49 countries chose this answer

                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      No evidence found.

                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                        There are no organizations with the words “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification”. Instead, we have several organizations who fight for Tibet’s human rights, as Derechos Humanos | Fundación Casa del Tibet de Barcelona (casadeltibetbcn.org)

                                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                          Hide
                                                                          2.
                                                                          Exposure

                                                                          In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                          No

                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                          More

                                                                          Skipped

                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                          0/ No

                                                                          62 countries chose this answer

                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                          No evidence found.

                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                            There’s no information available for this indicator.

                                                                              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                              Hide
                                                                              3.
                                                                              Exposure

                                                                              In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                              Yes

                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                              More

                                                                              Skipped

                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                              0/ No

                                                                              68 countries chose this answer

                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                              13 countries chose this answer

                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                              Not Found

                                                                              1. https://tecnoempresa.mx/index.php/2017/11/10/sindicatos-de-china-y-mexico-intercambiaran-experiencias-laborales/

                                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                Hide
                                                                                4.
                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                Yes

                                                                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                1. https://www.mexchina.org/es/2019/07/02/celebramos-el-70-aniversario-de-la-fundacion-de-la-republica-popular-china-las-presentaciones-culturales-a-gran-escala/
                                                                                2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDwNuJWXrfw

                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                There are no local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD, but in Mexico there are a good number of Chinese associations, and they have said that the ones recognized by the Chinese Embassy in Mexico are linked to China.

                                                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                  5.
                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                  In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                  More

                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                  33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                  6.
                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                  No

                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                  More

                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                  46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                  35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                  No evidence found.

                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                    There’s no evidence that shows that PRC-individuals or entities have donated money to religious communities and charities. The only evidence is that they donate money for the pandemic, and for reconstruction after the 2017’s earthquake

                                                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                      7.
                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                      In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                      More

                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                      38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                      21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                      11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                      1. http://www.chinadailyglobal.com/a/201912/21/WS5dfd97d9a310cf3e3557fb97.html
                                                                                      2. https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/english/celebrate-chinese-new-year-mexico-city

                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                        8.
                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                        Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                        No

                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                        More

                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                        60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                        15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                        No evidence found.

                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                          Until now, Mexican cultural products don’t portray the PRC. There’s just one movie in which the main character is studying Chinese to travel to China. There was a collaboration between the Chinese government and the production, there was a gift (a travel for two to China) Link

                                                                                          1. http://www.ccchinamexico.org/es/Events/Detail/1530048719

                                                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                          9.
                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                          In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                          No

                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                          More

                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                          67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                          0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                          No evidence found.

                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                            Mexican celebrities do not share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                              10.
                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                              In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                              No

                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                              More

                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                              54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                              Local governments do not publish propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                  11.
                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                  In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                  50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                  1. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/01/10/around-the-world-more-see-the-u-s-positively-than-china-but-little-confidence-in-trump-or-xi/

                                                                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                    Hide

                                                                                                    Military

                                                                                                    The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                    My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                    36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                    46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                    1. https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/mundo/mexico-eu-y-otros-7-paises-de-america-compraron-armas-rusia
                                                                                                    2. https://heraldodemexico.com.mx/opinion/2021/5/25/china-la-venta-de-armas-299326.html

                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                    Mexico bought military equipment in 2004, but since that time hasn’t bought any more military equipment from China.

                                                                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                      1. https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/politica/Cuando-armas-salen-del-pais-de-manera-legal-20190811-0073.html
                                                                                                      2. https://tradingeconomics.com/mexico/exports/china

                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                      Even when Mexico doesn’t export to China military equipment or components' equipment. Mexico exports supplies that can be employed for arms production such as iron and steel.

                                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                        3.
                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                        My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                        66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                        15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                        1. https://www.infodefensa.com/latam/2016/11/04/noticia-china-mexico-firman-memorando-entendimiento-materia-militar.html
                                                                                                        2. https://rcabanas.com/?s=China&post_type=product
                                                                                                        3. https://www.manufacturastrejo.com/historia.html

                                                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                        The first link seems to support that there’s technological cooperation between China and Mexico through the Colegio de Defensa Nacional, but I think that this cooperation is mostly in training and not in the development of military technology. Mexico has just the following organizations for the arm’s production: Dirección general de Fábricas de la Defensa Nacional, Insutrias Cabañas, Armas Trejo and Productos Mendoza, and there’s no evidence that any of these are working in cooperation with China.

                                                                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                          4.
                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                          In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                          67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                          No evidence found.

                                                                                                          1. https://www.lapoliticaonline.com.mx/nota/117047-estados-unidos-le-avisa-a-videgaray-y-ebrard-que-preocupa-la-instalacion-de-bases-chinas-en-la-region/
                                                                                                          2. https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/opinion/raymundo-riva-palacio/tropas-extranjeras-en-mexico/

                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                          Mexico has always been a USA’s influence zone, this complicates the possibility for China to establish a military base.

                                                                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                            5.
                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                            In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                            61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                            19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                            In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                            77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                              It seems that this indicator does not apply to Mexico.

                                                                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                7.
                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                8.
                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                No evidence found.

                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                  There’s just one link from October 2016 ( Link), that talks about peacekeeping, but as the administration changed, there’s no recent information about this topic.

                                                                                                                  1. https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1014572.shtml

                                                                                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                  9.
                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                  In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                  67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                  No evidence found.

                                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                    This indicator has not appeared in Mexico yet.

                                                                                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                      10.
                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                      In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                      68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                      13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                      No evidence found.

                                                                                                                      1. http://gaceta.diputados.gob.mx/Gaceta/63/2017/sep/Sedena-20170912.pdf

                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                      There’s evidence that high-ranking militaries have taken training in China as you can see in the link, but there’s no conclusive evidence that they advocate for more coordination with the PLA.

                                                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                        My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                        51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                        31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                        1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcU3K0RV1hQ
                                                                                                                        2. https://web.archive.org/web/20210524174428/http://eng.chinamil.com.cn/view/2016-10/28/content_7331725.htm

                                                                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                        This indicator seems to be beginning to appear. This connection was done during the last administration (Peña Nieto), it seems it could increase during this administration.

                                                                                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                          Hide

                                                                                                                          Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                          The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                          1.
                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                          My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                          50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                          2.
                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                          In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                          55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                          26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                          1. https://www.dipublico.org/tratados-y-documentos-internacionales-2/mexico-tratados-y-doc-int/
                                                                                                                          2. https://www.gob.mx/se/prensa/mexico-y-china-firman-14-acuerdos-bilaterales

                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                          Mexico hasn’t signed any cooperation agreements with the PRC on combating terrorism. There are 17 agreements but are not related to terrorism.

                                                                                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                            3.
                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                            In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                            52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                            29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                            In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                            49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                              There’s no evidence of economic espionage targeting the private sector.

                                                                                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                  The triads have connected with narcotic cartels in Mexico, so Mexican Cartels are on the visible side, and they usually used violence, but there’s no evidence that this violence has been used to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                    7.
                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                    My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                    30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                    8.
                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                    In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                    71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                    No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                      There’s no evidence that Mexico has done joint patrols with China. Mexico has also refused to joint patrols with the USA.

                                                                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                        9.
                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                        My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                        No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                          There’s no evidence that this indicator has appeared in Mexico.

                                                                                                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                            My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                            11.
                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                            My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                              There’s no evidence that Mexico has extradited or deported individuals to the PRC, even though Mexico has an extradition treaty with China.

                                                                                                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                Hide

                                                                                                                                                Technology

                                                                                                                                                The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                1.
                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                1. https://www.jornada.com.mx/2020/11/26/economia/035n2eco
                                                                                                                                                2. https://www.forbes.com.mx/filial-de-china-telecom-planea-inversion-en-mexico/
                                                                                                                                                3. https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/empresas/China-Telecom-y-la-red-compartida-de-Mexico-un-tema-geopolitico-20150122-0045.html

                                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                No existe prueba de que alguna de las empresas de telecomunicaciones que pertenecen a la RPC estén prestando servicio en México. Se conoce que en el 2015, China Telecom planeaba hacer una oferta de servicios, pero ésta no avanzó. Luego, durante la presidencia de Donal Trum en EEUU presionó a México para que no aceptará ningún tipo de ayuda en esta materia por parte de China. En resumen, se puede afirmar que las empresas de telecomunicaciones públicas de China no operan en el país.

                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                  2.
                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                  In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                  16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                  27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                  30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.america-retail.com/mexico/mexico-huawei-va-por-5g-en-el-pais-este-ano/
                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.elsoldemexico.com.mx/finanzas/christopher-landau-landau-llama-al-gobierno-e-industria-unirse-al-movimiento-red-limpia-5g-6059367.html
                                                                                                                                                  3. https://www.elsoldemexico.com.mx/finanzas/la-red-5g-pisa-el-freno-en-mexico-tecnologia-telefonia-infraestructura-velocidad-red-carlos-slim-america-movil-5756334.html
                                                                                                                                                  4. https://expansion.mx/tecnologia/2021/02/23/no-tener-5g-en-mexico-traera-mas-pobreza-telecomunicaciones
                                                                                                                                                  5. http://spanish.xinhuanet.com/2021-04/27/c_139909249.htm
                                                                                                                                                  6. https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/huawei-construye-una-red-elte-iot-para-la-red-el%C3%A9ctrica-mexicana-840600473.html

                                                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                  En México, la empresa Huawei ha estado haciendo presión sobre la principal institución reguladora de telecomunicaciones, con el propósito de avanzar en la construcción de la red 5G. Sin embargo, la presiones de EEUU asi como la tardanza en las concesiones de las frecuencias de las redes han impedido su desarrollo. La decisión final sobre la adopción del 5G en México aún puede considerarse posible si tomamos en cuenta las declaraciones de los funcionarios mexicanos y la reunión con los representantes de Huawei y el Senado Mexicano.

                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                    24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.elsoldemexico.com.mx/finanzas/huawei-gobierno-de-amlo-internet-a-zonas-rurales-cumbre-negocios-cancun-4348095.html

                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                      28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                      53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.lapoliticaonline.com.mx/nota/132055-el-pentagono-pide-a-militares-mexicanos-evitar-compras-de-software-de-seguridad-chino/
                                                                                                                                                      2. http://spanish.xinhuanet.com/2016-10/28/c_135788505.htm

                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                      A pesar de que en el año 2016 el exsecretario de defensa Salvadro Cienfuegos admitió públicamente que México podría avanzar hacia una mayor cooperación militar con China, durante el gobierno de López Obrador esta propuesta no ha sido desarrollada, entre otras cosas por la presión del gobierno de Estados Unidos de América.

                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                        5.
                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                        In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                        42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                        No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                          No hay evidencia de esto para el caso de México.

                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                            In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                            35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                            25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                              No hay evidencia de esto para el caso de México

                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                7.
                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                1. https://cambiopesodolar.com.mx/sistema-pagos-internacionales-china/
                                                                                                                                                                2. https://www.cips.com.cn/cipsen/7052/7057/index.html
                                                                                                                                                                3. https://www.banxico.org.mx/payment-systems/d/%7B611C4F2A-0CE2-03E3-081D-CB7A03A246C9%7D.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                Even when there’s HSBC in Mexico. According to what I have reviewed, it hasn’t been used in Mexico.

                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                  8.
                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                  32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                  18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                  9.
                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                  19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                  44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                  36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                  No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/techbit/tiktok-tu-nueva-red-social-favorita
                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/tecnologia/Mexico-22.7-millones-de-usuarios-unicos-en-TikTok-avance-de-5900-20210324-0076.html

                                                                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                  In Mexico, there is just one top five popular social media (TikTok) developed by China, but it is amazing the growth of this social media in Mexico.

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                      No hay evidencia de esto para el caso de México.

                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                        Hide

                                                                                                                                                                        Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                        The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                        1.
                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                        20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                        5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                        12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                        23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/estados/Tres-empresas-chinas-confirman-inversiones-en-NL-20191210-0126.html
                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://coordinacionpolitica.sre.gob.mx/index.php/entidades/145-hidalgo
                                                                                                                                                                        3. http://www.redalc-china.org/monitor/informacion-por-pais/busqueda-por-pais/20-mexico

                                                                                                                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                        A pesar de que los acuerdos en materia comercial deben ser firmados por la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de México y no por los gobernadores, existe información que permite saber de las inversiones de empresas chinas en México, las cuales han sido realizadas a partir de acuerdos de cooperación realizados entre las entidades subnacionales y sus contrapartes chinas, así como también las empresas de este país.

                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          2.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                          23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          3.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                          16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                          16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          4.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/nacional/polevnsky-se-reune-en-beijing-con-miembros-del-partido-comunista-de-china/

                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                            5.
                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://aplicaciones.sre.gob.mx/tratados/muestratratado_nva.sre?id_tratado=1237&depositario=

                                                                                                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                            La única referencia encontrada vinculada con este tipo de colaboración en materia ha sido el Tratado sobre Asistencia Jurídica Mutua en materia Penal que firmaron ambos países en el año 2005 (Link 1), aun cuando esto no implica per se algún tipo de entrenamiento. A nivel subnacional (link 2) no se observa la existencia de algún tipo de entrenamiento en este ámbito.

                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                              6.
                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                              60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                              0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                              78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://aristeguinoticias.com/0911/mexico/la-casa-blanca-de-enrique-pena-nieto/

                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                7.
                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                  No hay evidencia de esto para el caso de México

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                    8.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                    No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                      No hay evidencia de esto para el caso de México

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        9.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        10.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://aristeguinoticias.com/0911/mexico/la-casa-blanca-de-enrique-pena-nieto/

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                        El caso de mayor significancia en este sentido fue el caso de la llamada “Casa Blanca” en el cual se destapó una trama de corrupción que benefició al entonces presidente Enrique Peña Nieto. Ahora bien, no se observó ninguna consideración sobre el fenómeno de las “puertas giratorias” entre funcionarios mexicanos y la RPC.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                          11.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                          67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                          No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                            No hay evidencia de esto para el caso de México.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                              Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                              The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                              1.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                              My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                              2.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                              Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                              The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://inap.mx/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Programa-Seminario-Beijing-Completo.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                              2. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/ce/cemx/esp/sgjs/t1497217.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                              3. https://www.gob.mx/policiafederal/articulos/cuerpo-academico-y-funcionarios-de-la-academia-de-gobernacion-de-china-visitan-instalaciones-de-la-division-cientifica-de-la-policia-federal

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                              There’s evidence that proves that civil servants have been invited to take training from the Chinese Academy of Governance. The INAP (Instituto Nacional de Administración Pública) is a Mexican educational organization that has the purpose to improve public governance. Recently, it has released a convocatory for a Virtual Training on Public Governance. The training opened on May 10 and it closes on May 30, 2021. It is all paid by Chinese Ministry of Commerce, the Chinese Academy of Governance and China's National Institute for Public Administration.

                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://expansion.mx/nacional/2011/09/10/la-reunion-entre-felipe-calderon-y-el-dalai-lama-molesta-a-china
                                                                                                                                                                                                2. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/ce/cemx/esp/xw/t1503965.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                Uno de los pocos episodios en los cuales las autoridades de la RPC criticaron las posturas oficiales de México en asuntos internos de la China continental, fue luego del episodio de la visita del Dalai Lama a México en 2011. Si bien desde entonces no ha habido nuevos roces diplomáticos por este asunto entre ambos países, las autoridades chinas expresaron su malestar en caso de que se repitiese una situación como la visita del Dalai Lama en 2011.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                  5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                  No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    No hay evidencia de esto para el caso de México.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                      The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. http://mx.china-embassy.org/esp/sgjs/t1758934.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. https://www.iri.edu.ar/images/Documentos/Boletines_IRI/135/mexico_china_declaracion_conjunta.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      A pesar de la presión ejercida por la Oficina comercial de Taiwán en México, en lo relativo a su participación en la OMS (Link), las autoridades de este país no han manifestado su apoyo a la isla. Al contrario, han manifestado un claro apoyo a China en la lucha contra el COVID-19.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/opinion/armando-cheng/la-respuesta-de-taiwan-un-ejemplo-que-omite-la-oms

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                      My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.fuhem.es/2019/08/29/fao-y-el-nuevo-liderazgo-de-qu-dongyu/

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                        My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                        24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                        36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. http://mx.china-embassy.org/esp/sn/t1381755.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                        There’s no evidence of a Mexican government position about the territorial claims. There’s just evidence of a meeting between Mexico’s General Director for Foreign Relations of Asia Pacific Countries and the Chinese ambassador.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                          My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                          31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                          17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.iri.edu.ar/images/Documentos/Boletines_IRI/135/mexico_china_declaracion_conjunta.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/politica/refrenda-mexico-respeto-al-principio-de-una-sola-china/
                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. https://www.iri.edu.ar/images/Documentos/Boletines_IRI/135/mexico_china_declaracion_conjunta.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                            El gobierno de México estableció desde el año 2013 su apego al principio de “Una sola China”, razón por la cual evita realizar declaraciones sobre las cuestiones de Taiwán, Hong Kong y el Tíbet. De manera puntual, cabe destacar que el gobierno mexicano negó la recepción al Dalai Lama en 2013, luego que este líder religioso fuese recibido en 2011 por el entonces presidente Felipe Calderón (Link).

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/esp/xwfw/fyrth/t857941.shtml

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                            11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                            My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                            24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                            36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.iri.edu.ar/images/Documentos/Boletines_IRI/135/mexico_china_declaracion_conjunta.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                            El gobierno de México estableció desde el año 2013 su apego al principio de “Una sola China”. razón por la cual evita realizar declaraciones sobre las cuestiones de Taiwán, Hong Kong y el Tíbet.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 2 anonymous experts, and has been reviewed by another 1 anonymous expert.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
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