Lebanon

$2,670.4
6.79M
Ranking
49/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

112/ 388
Executive partner
Civic IDEA
Index Year
2022
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

33%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

6%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

31%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Lebanon had a GDP per capita of US$2,670 and a total population of 6.76 million people. Data on the Chinese population in the country is not available.

Lebanon established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1971. Lebanon was ranked 130th in Reporters Without Borders' 2022 World Press Freedom Index, and Partly Free in Freedom House's 2022 Global Freedom Status, with a score of 42/100.

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    35.0% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    31.8% / 34%
  • Economy
    36.4% / 33.6%
  • Society
    10.0% / 23.6%
  • Military
    27.3% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    0.0% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    50.0% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    25.0% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    43.2% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

No

Answer ( 0 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

No Evidence Found on the following link: Link

      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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      2.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

      No

      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      1 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      39 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      23 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      4 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      14 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      1 countries chose this answer

      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      No Evidence Found.

          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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          3.
          Exposure

          In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

          Skip

          More

          Skipped

          11 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          15 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          15 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          5 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          23 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          13 countries chose this answer

          71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          There are tours for Media representatives, but it is unclear who is financing them. "The media plays a fundamental role in developing and strengthening relations between the two countries, especially at the commercial level, through Intensifying training courses for Lebanese journalists and editors in order to benefit from Chinese capabilities and expertise in this field." Link

              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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              4.
              Exposure

              In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

              Yes

              Answer ( 3 / 4 )

              More

              Skipped

              3 countries chose this answer

              0/ No

              37 countries chose this answer

              1/ Few, but insignificant

              16 countries chose this answer

              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

              2 countries chose this answer

              3/ Few, but significant

              14 countries chose this answer

              4/ More than a few, and significant

              10 countries chose this answer

              79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

              Supporting Evidence

              "The media plays a fundamental role in developing and strengthening relations between the two countries, especially at the commercial level, through Intensifying training courses for Lebanese journalists and editors in order to benefit from Chinese capabilities and expertise in this field." Link

              1. https://www.chinainarabic.org/?p=39190

                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                5.
                Exposure

                In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

                Yes

                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                More

                Skipped

                1 countries chose this answer

                0/ No

                24 countries chose this answer

                1/ Few, but insignificant

                22 countries chose this answer

                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                7 countries chose this answer

                3/ Few, but significant

                18 countries chose this answer

                4/ More than a few, and significant

                10 countries chose this answer

                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                Supporting Evidence

                “Chinese channels were introduced on the Arab satellites Nilesat and Arabsat, such as CGTN Arabic and China Arab Tv, so that these stations broadcast Chinese programs translated into Arabic. CGTN has created a special section for social communication run by Chinese employees specialized in the Arabic language and Arab employees, and the task of this section is to present events and news related to China in particular, and the world in general, on social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Wechat, which is also done by China Radio.” Link

                1. https://www.chinainarabic.org/?p=39190
                2. http://www.chinatoday.com.cn/Arabic/203a1n12/2003n3/bn4.htm
                3. https://www.facebook.com/cgtnarabic/

                Supplementary Notes

                The both sides started working on airing Chinese media in Arabic already back in 2003. Link Link

                1. http://www.chinatoday.com.cn/Arabic/203a1n12/2003n3/bn4.htm
                2. https://www.facebook.com/cgtnarabic/

                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                6.
                Exposure

                In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

                No

                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                More

                Skipped

                2 countries chose this answer

                0/ No

                44 countries chose this answer

                1/ Few, but insignificant

                19 countries chose this answer

                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                3 countries chose this answer

                3/ Few, but significant

                14 countries chose this answer

                4/ More than a few, and significant

                0 countries chose this answer

                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                Supporting Evidence

                No Evidence Found.

                  Supplementary Notes

                  chinainarabic (Link) is based in Lebanon and Mayadeen (www.almayadeen.net) is also a regional media based in Lebanon, but there financial subsidies and ownership are unknown.

                  1. http://www.chinainarabic.org/

                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                  7.
                  Exposure

                  In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

                  Yes

                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                  More

                  Skipped

                  3 countries chose this answer

                  0/ No

                  22 countries chose this answer

                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                  21 countries chose this answer

                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                  6 countries chose this answer

                  3/ Few, but significant

                  23 countries chose this answer

                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                  7 countries chose this answer

                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                  Supporting Evidence

                  On the website of the media outlet Link, which is based in Lebanon (is a local media) in the "Who we are" section, we see the list of Chinese media outlets from where their content is derived: China Radio International - Arabic section China today China Arabic TV China network China People's Newspaper

                  1. http://www.chinainarabic.org/?page_id=2

                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili and another 1 anonymous expert.

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                    8.
                    Exposure

                    In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

                    Yes

                    Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                    More

                    Skipped

                    1 countries chose this answer

                    0/ No

                    38 countries chose this answer

                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                    13 countries chose this answer

                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                    7 countries chose this answer

                    3/ Few, but significant

                    15 countries chose this answer

                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                    8 countries chose this answer

                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                    Supporting Evidence

                    Chinese Ambassador to Lebanon in local radio Link Ambassador Chian Menjian's interview with the journalist Reiman Dou on Lebanon TV Link The facebook post of Lebanese Communist Party that participated in International Summit organized by China and attended by Xi jinping. Link "Interview: A Lebanese Party Member: The achievements of the Chinese Communist Party over its 100-year history are a miracle worth studying" Link www.almayadeen.net which is based in Lebanon published: ""Lebanon's trend towards China: opportunities and Challenges" Link

                    1. https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=6986804924677823
                    2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GiR2ct1Cpho
                    3. https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2050153871803157&id=117413761743854
                    4. http://arabic.news.cn/2021-04/28/c_139912098.htm
                    5. https://www.almayadeen.net/articles/blog/2375963/%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%87-%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%86%D8%AD%D9%88-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%86:-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D8%B1%D8%B5-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%AD%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA

                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili and another 1 anonymous expert.

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                      9.
                      Pressure

                      In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                      No

                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                      More

                      Skipped

                      1 countries chose this answer

                      0/ No

                      57 countries chose this answer

                      4/ Yes

                      24 countries chose this answer

                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                      Supporting Evidence

                      No evidence found.

                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                          10.
                          Effect

                          In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                          Yes

                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                          More

                          Skipped

                          4 countries chose this answer

                          0/ No

                          51 countries chose this answer

                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                          11 countries chose this answer

                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                          3 countries chose this answer

                          3/ Few, but significant

                          9 countries chose this answer

                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                          4 countries chose this answer

                          78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                          Supporting Evidence

                          Denouncing the views critical of the PRC government, e.g. The Beirut-based Islam Times published: “The US investigation into the origins of Covid-19 is a "futile and unscientific ploy" to blame China” Link

                          1. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2021/0902/c31662-9891482.html

                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                            11.
                            Effect

                            In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                            Yes

                            Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                            More

                            Skipped

                            2 countries chose this answer

                            0/ No

                            44 countries chose this answer

                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                            18 countries chose this answer

                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                            4 countries chose this answer

                            3/ Few, but significant

                            9 countries chose this answer

                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                            5 countries chose this answer

                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                            Supporting Evidence

                            In a recent interview with Xinhua, Adham El-Sayed, a member of the Central Committee of the Lebanese Communist Party, stressed "The great importance that the Chinese Communist Party attaches to protecting the rights of ethnic minorities, he stated that from his experience in China he found a far-reaching respect for religious matters, pointing out that he and his colleagues, some of whom came from Arab and Islamic countries, felt the depth of respect for religious beliefs in China and that protecting freedom of belief Religion in China is guaranteed by law." Link

                            1. http://arabic.news.cn/2021-04/28/c_139912098.htm

                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili and another 1 anonymous expert.

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                              Academia

                              The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                              1.
                              Exposure

                              In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                              Yes

                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                              More

                              0/ No

                              9 countries chose this answer

                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                              11 countries chose this answer

                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                              6 countries chose this answer

                              3/ Few, but significant

                              31 countries chose this answer

                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                              25 countries chose this answer

                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                              Supporting Evidence

                              Huawei signs a memorandum of understanding with the Arab Open University in Lebanon Link "The Lebanese University signed a cooperation agreement with the Chinese telecom giant "Huawei Technologies" to implement the "Huawei Academy" program for information and networks at the university, develop curricula, provide professors and students with training and knowledge, and involve specialists and experts in this field." Link

                              1. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2021/0409/c31660-9837333.html
                              2. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2020/0124/c31660-9651618.html

                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                2.
                                Exposure

                                In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                                Yes

                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                More

                                0/ No

                                5 countries chose this answer

                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                14 countries chose this answer

                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                5 countries chose this answer

                                3/ Few, but significant

                                31 countries chose this answer

                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                27 countries chose this answer

                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                Supporting Evidence

                                “It is perhaps unsurprising that Lebanon was the first Arab country to host a Confucius Institute.” Link Link “The Confucius Institute in Lebanon operated smoothly and became an important platform for teaching Chinese language and disseminating Chinese culture in Lebanon.” Link Confucius Institute at Saint Joseph University in Beirut Link Link Confucius Institute at a Beirut university Link

                                1. https://www.isdp.eu/beijing-and-beirut-at-cross-roads-china-lebanon-relations/
                                2. http://en.people.cn/200611/11/eng20061111_320459.html
                                3. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2843_663676/
                                4. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2021/0716/c31660-9872931.html
                                5. https://www.womenofchina.cn/womenofchina/html1/culture/lifestyle/19091/5115-1.htm
                                6. https://www.ft.com/content/386b3fd2-01db-11e9-99df-6183d3002ee1

                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                  3.
                                  Exposure

                                  My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                                  No

                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                  More

                                  Skipped

                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                  0/ No

                                  46 countries chose this answer

                                  4/ Yes

                                  35 countries chose this answer

                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                  Supporting Evidence

                                  Lebanon does not include Chinese language in K12 or primary education, but the schools in Lebanon receive free educational books from the Chinese Embassy. Link

                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                      4.
                                      Exposure

                                      In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                                      Yes

                                      Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                      More

                                      Skipped

                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                      0/ No

                                      40 countries chose this answer

                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                      17 countries chose this answer

                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                      Supporting Evidence

                                      Arab-Chinese Cooperation & Development Association (ACCDA) with the basing in Beirut, Lebanon to “promote the Silk Road Spirit, Strengthen China-Arab Cooperation” Link

                                      1. https://www.facebook.com/ArabChinese/?ref=page_internal

                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                        5.
                                        Exposure

                                        In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                        No

                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        Skipped

                                        10 countries chose this answer

                                        0/ No

                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                        10 countries chose this answer

                                        72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                        No Evidence Found.

                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                            6.
                                            Exposure

                                            In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                            No

                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            47 countries chose this answer

                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                            79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            No direct evidence found.

                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                7.
                                                Exposure

                                                In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                Yes

                                                Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                More

                                                Skipped

                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                0/ No

                                                17 countries chose this answer

                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                Dr. Tamara Berro, Lebanese researcher - "My relationship with China began in 2014 when I participated in the first academic forum between the Arab countries and China, which was organized by the Beijing University of Foreign Studies, and I participated in it on behalf of the Lebanese University and under the supervision of the Lebanese-Chinese Association for Friendship and Cooperation." Link In 2009, China welcomed more than 150 Lebanese professionals to attend seminars and symposiums in diverse disciplines including as business, finance, agriculture, press, and education. Link

                                                1. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2018/1008/c31660-9506522.html
                                                2. https://atalayar.com/en/content/chinese-geo-strategic-expansion-levant-case-study-lebanon

                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                  8.
                                                  Pressure

                                                  In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                                  No

                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                  More

                                                  Skipped

                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                  0/ No

                                                  64 countries chose this answer

                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                      9.
                                                      Pressure

                                                      In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                                      No

                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                      More

                                                      Skipped

                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                      0/ No

                                                      64 countries chose this answer

                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                      0 countries chose this answer

                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                      75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                          10.
                                                          Effect

                                                          In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                                          Yes

                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                          More

                                                          Skipped

                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                          0/ No

                                                          64 countries chose this answer

                                                          4/ Yes

                                                          16 countries chose this answer

                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                          "The Lebanese University signed a cooperation agreement with the Chinese telecom giant "Huawei Technologies" to implement the "Huawei Academy" program for information and networks at the university, develop curricula, provide professors and students with training and knowledge, and involve specialists and experts in this field." Link

                                                          1. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2020/0124/c31660-9651618.html

                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                            11.
                                                            Effect

                                                            In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                                            No

                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                            More

                                                            Skipped

                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                            0/ No

                                                            65 countries chose this answer

                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                            77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                Economy

                                                                The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                                1.
                                                                Exposure

                                                                The PRC is my country's number one trading partner (for trade in goods only).

                                                                No

                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                More

                                                                0/ No

                                                                51 countries chose this answer

                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                31 countries chose this answer

                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                The PRC was Lebanon's number one trading partner in 2013, but not anymore due to internal disorders in Lebanon. Domestic factors, still impede trade cooperation. Link

                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                    2.
                                                                    Exposure

                                                                    PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                                    No

                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    Skipped

                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    77 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                        3.
                                                                        Exposure

                                                                        The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                                        No

                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                        More

                                                                        0/ No

                                                                        62 countries chose this answer

                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                        20 countries chose this answer

                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                            4.
                                                                            Exposure

                                                                            In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                                            No

                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                            More

                                                                            0/ No

                                                                            36 countries chose this answer

                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                            Not yet as china is being more involved in public infrastructure. Nevertheless "China has shown its willingness, as the Chinese Ambassador to Lebanon Qian Minjian stated to contribute to the reconstruction of Beirut Port after the destruction it suffered in the August 4, 2020 bombing, and that Chinese companies are ready to study expansion and development projects for Lebanese ports. They are also ready to implement other projects In the fields of energy and transportation.” Link Also, in 2017, China has participated to widen and deepen the port of Tripoli, the closest to Syria, supplying various types of equipment, fund may be also deployed in the near future either via facilitated loans or other means. Link

                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                5.
                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                                                Yes

                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                1. https://www.aiib.org/en/news-events/news/2018/AIIB-Approves-Lebanon-Membership.html

                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                  6.
                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                  In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                  More

                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                  41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                  41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                  The Federation of Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture in Lebanon (FCCIAL) is a member of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce. Also, Union of Arab Chambers (UAC) is a member of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce Link “Tripoli Municipalities Union is a member of China's Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce (SRCIC). SRCIC Chairman Adnan al Kassar said that the SRCIC is willing to lend Lebanon $2 billion at reasonable interest rates, according to Lebanese-Chinese relations.” Link In 2017, prominent Lebanese and Chinese business groups signed in Lebanon two memorandums of understanding to boost the BRI, establishing a Business Council for the Silk Road. Link Link The opening of the Lebanese-Chinese Business Council in Beirut Link

                                                                                  1. http://www.srcic.com/silk-road-members/?page=3
                                                                                  2. https://atalayar.com/en/content/chinese-geo-strategic-expansion-levant-case-study-lebanon
                                                                                  3. https://www.iflr.com/article/b1lp1vm14sf28n/chinese-outbound-investment-guide-2018-lebanon
                                                                                  4. https://elaph.com/Web/Economics/2021/11/1457597.html
                                                                                  5. http://arabic.people.com.cn/31659/7793610.html

                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                    7.
                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                    My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                                                    No

                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                    More

                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                    64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                    18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                        8.
                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                        In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                                                        No

                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                        More

                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                        65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                        15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                            9.
                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                            My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                            More

                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                            51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                            31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                            Lebanon has signed bilateral investment agreement with China. Link

                                                                                            1. https://www.privacyshield.gov/article?id=Lebanon-Trade-Agreements

                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                              10.
                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                              In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                              More

                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                              47 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                              35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                              "In September 2018, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Lebanon on “joint promotion of cooperation within the framework of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the Maritime Silk Road Initiative for the Twenty-first Century.” The memorandum stipulates the cooperation of the two sides in areas of common interest, including Transport, logistics and infrastructure, investment and trade, energy, renewable energy and cultural exchange between peoples, health and sports. Two agreements were signed for the Special Economic Zone in Tripoli with the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and the Ningchuan Technological Zone. It is worth noting the constant communication between the Chamber of Tripoli and North Lebanon and the Chinese Embassy in Lebanon in terms of enhancing joint capabilities to help launch major investment projects. The memorandum stipulates the cooperation of the two sides in areas of mutual interest, including transport, logistics, infrastructure, investment and trade, energy, renewable energy, cultural exchange between peoples, health and sports." Link

                                                                                              1. https://uabonline.org/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%88/

                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                                                No

                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                More

                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                76 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                    Society

                                                                                                    The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                    In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                    49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                        2.
                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                        In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                        62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                            3.
                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                            In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                            68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                  “The cultural event "Happy Spring Festival" was successfully held in Lebanon.” Link “Chinese Ambassador to Lebanon Qian Minjian said since the beginning of this year, the embassy has held several events, including a New Year concert, a drawing competition for the youth, an online forum, and a special issue released in cooperation with Annahar Newspaper, to celebrate the golden jubilee of the diplomatic relations between China and Lebanon.” Link

                                                                                                                  1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2843_663676/
                                                                                                                  2. http://www.news.cn/english/2021-11/18/c_1310317229.h

                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                  5.
                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                  In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                  33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                  “Al-Abdullah founded and headed the Lebanese-Chinese Businessmen and Women’s Association (LCBA), which works to strengthen relations and joint economic projects between Lebanese businessmen scattered around the world and China. The consortium is the first Lebanese private entity to sign a cooperation agreement with the Chinese Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT).” Link “SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction Held in Beijing - All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), in collaboration with the Commission of Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (GNFCC SCO) and the Secretariat of the SCO, held the SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction in Beijing on July 20, 2021. Approximately 200 participants attended the forum. International guests included diplomats from SCO countries, Zambia, Lebanon, Guyana and various international organizations.” Link "China Women's University (CWU) launched an opening ceremony for the Seminar on Social Management Capability Building for Female Officials from Developing Countries, on April 11, 2018. The 15-day seminar, which had received great support from the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and the Academy for International Business Officials (AIBO) from the Ministry of Commerce, drew the attendance of 28 female officials from Uganda, Ghana, Palestine, South Sudan, Lebanon, Iraq, Grenada and Uzbekistan.SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction Held in Beijing - All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), in collaboration with the Commission of Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (GNFCC SCO) and the Secretariat of the SCO, held the SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction in Beijing on July 20, 2021. Approximately 200 participants attended the forum. International guests included diplomats from SCO countries, Zambia, Lebanon, Guyana and various international organizations." Link “In 2013 the Chinese Association for Radio, Film and Television Exchanges received delegations from Ethiopia and the DPRK, and film crews from Lebanon, Gabon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and India.” Link “The Chinese ambassador Qian Minjian reviewed the cultural exchanges between China and Lebanon, stressing that the Chinese side will continue to cooperate closely with the Lebanese side to establish a Chinese culture center in Lebanon as soon as possible and implement the project of the Lebanese National Higher Institute of Music funded by the Chinese government.” Link

                                                                                                                  1. https://strategicfile.com/%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%a7%d8%ad%d8%af%d8%ab/%d9%84%d8%a8%d9%86%d8%a7%d9%86-%d9%88%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%b5%d9%8a%d9%86-50-%d8%b9%d8%a7%d9%85%d9%8b%d8%a7-%d9%85%d9%86-%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%ab%d9%82%d8%a9/
                                                                                                                  2. https://www.womenofchina.cn/womenofchina/html1/2112/609-1.htm
                                                                                                                  3. https://www.womenofchina.cn/womenofchina/html1/special/cwu/1805/1917-1.htm
                                                                                                                  4. http://www.chinaja.org.cn/2015-04/07/c_137851976_8.htm
                                                                                                                  5. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2021/0708/c31660-9869546.html

                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                    In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                    35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                        In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                        38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                            8.
                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                            Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                            60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                            15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                            No Evidence was Found.

                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                9.
                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                    10.
                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                    In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                    54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                        In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                        Skip

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                          Our expert mentioned that Lebanese society stays neutral towards the PRC. So it is difficult to identify the exact answer.

                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                            Military

                                                                                                                                            The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                                                            1.
                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                            My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            “China delivers 100 military vehicles to Lebanon” Link The People’s Liberation Army made a direct donation to the Lebanese Army to boost the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. The items included surgical face masks, goggles, protective clothing and other medical supplies. Link "Since the beginning of this year, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) has provided COVID-19 vaccine assistance to armed forces of over 30 countries, including Pakistan, Cambodia, Philippines, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Tunisia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Laos, Lebanon, Hungary, Gabon, Ethiopia, Northern Macedonia, Zimbabwe, Serbia, Mauritania, Guinea, Mozambique, Bolivia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Egypt and Nepal." Link

                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.defensenews.com/land/2021/06/14/china-delivers-100-military-vehicles-to-lebanon/
                                                                                                                                            2. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1683276/middle-east
                                                                                                                                            3. http://eng.mod.gov.cn/news/2021-12/23/content_4901630.htm

                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                              2.
                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                              My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                              74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                  3.
                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                  My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                  66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                  15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                      In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                      67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                      13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                          5.
                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                          In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                          61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                          "China is participating in the temporary United Nations peacekeeping force (UNIFIL) in Lebanon, where Prime Minister Wen Jiabao announced the deployment of 1,000 Chinese peacekeepers... China did not directly participate in the Lebanese mediation but played an indirect role by contributing through the United Nations and the UN Security Council. China also provided financial support to Lebanon." Link “China's PLA donates medical supplies to Lebanese army to help fight COVID-19” Link

                                                                                                                                                          1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-05/28/c_139096587.htm
                                                                                                                                                          2. https://english.almayadeen.net/articles/blog/reflections-on-the-sinolebanese-relations
                                                                                                                                                          3. http://en.brnn.com/n3/2021/0823/c415018-9886732.html

                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                            In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                            77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                7.
                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    8.
                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                        9.
                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                        67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                            68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                BEIRUT, Dec. 28, 2021 – “The 20th Chinese peacekeeping engineering contingent to Lebanon organized a night defense exercise against the severe local security situation on December 25, which aimed to temper the emergency response capability of peacekeepers.“ Link

                                                                                                                                                                                1. http://eng.mod.gov.cn/news/2021-12/28/content_4901884.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                  Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                                                                                  The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                  1.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                  My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                  32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                  50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                      55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                      26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                          3.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                          52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                          29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                              4.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                  5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                          7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                          My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                              8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Technology

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  "TOUCH ANNOUNCES 4.5G LTE ADVANCED NETWORK DEPLOYMENT ALL OVER LEBANON IN PARTNERSHIP WITH HUAWEI AND NOKIA. HARB: BY THE END OF SEPTEMBER 2016 LEBANON WILL ENJOY THE LATEST IN THE WORLD OF MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS" Link “Huawei’s latest 5G equipment has enabled touch, the leading mobile telecommunications and data operator in Lebanon, to perform the first commercial 5G trial in the nation. At an event held under the auspices of the Prime Minister Designate Saad Hariri, represented by the Caretaker Minister of Telecommunication Jamal Jarrah, touch and Huawei gave a sneak peek of the 5G experience that customers will enjoy once the technology is fully deployed in Lebanon.” 2018 Link "Beirut – October 2, 2018: touch, the leading mobile telecommunications and data operator in Lebanon, managed by Zain Group, has performed the first commercial 5G trial in Lebanon using Huawei equipment, at an event held under the auspices of the Prime Minister Designate Saad Hariri represented by the Caretaker Minister of Telecommunications Jamal Jarrah. This trial showcased the real 5G experience that customers shall have once it is deployed in the country and 5G enabled devices become available." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.touch.com.lb/autoforms/portal/touch/about-touch/media-center/press-releases/45g
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.huawei.com/en/news/2018/11/huawei-state-of-the-art-5g-lebanon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3. https://www.touch.com.lb/autoforms/portal/touch/about-touch/media-center/press-releases/5g

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    "Beirut - February 15, 2019: touch, the leading mobile telecommunications and data operator in Lebanon, managed by Zain Group, has collaborated with Huawei Consumer Business Group (CBG) to issue a special bundle package dedicated to the newest device release from Huawei, the Huawei Y7 Prime 2019." Link HUAWEI expresses its readiness to equip Beirut's Rafic Hariri International Airport with the world's latest "Wi-Fi 6" Network, but it has not been implemented yet. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.touch.com.lb/autoforms/portal/touch/about-touch/media-center/press-releases/y7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2019/0628/c31659-9592340.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      "The following companies are part of Uniview's Partner Program, listed as "partners" in the Middle East. These are likely resellers, distributors, and/or system integrators of Uniview products. Partners: Al-Harib Security Systems, Al Khamar General Trading, Alerta Electronics, Arab Security (ASG), Boyut Security Technologies, Carnival Trading, Digital Link Group, Egemen Elektronik, Ezee Vision Technologies, Gulfstream Infotech Security & Surveillance systems LLC, Innovated Technology Services ITS, Integral Kurumsal Teknoloji Çözümleri San.Tic.Ltd.Şti., Kuwait Secure Security & Devices Co., Netgate for Telecom and Information Security, Neutron Security Technology Co. Ltd, Original for Computer, Polar Electronic Systems LTD., Quqa Trading Co., Safety Control Island Trading, Saudi Company for Site Technology (ST), Smart Security & Safety, Taji Zewi, Tehama Technology, WAN Company for Networking Technology, Zentcom Teknoloji A.Ş., Zoom Tech Electronics S.A.R.L" Link “In 2020, two sets of thermal body temperature monitoring equipment were donated to the Lebanese Government for installation in the Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-3383
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-2896

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        “Dahua Technologies has decided to donate two sets of body temperature imaging devices valued at $27,000 to the Lebanese side to solve problems such as equipment and manpower shortages. After the devices arrived in Beirut on March 10, the company's employees installed, tested and operated the devices for two consecutive days and put them into service on March 12. The devices were developed by the company during Chinese New Year. These devices have the ability to measure several people at once, quickly pass passengers and maintain a safe distance of 2-3 meters, and measure temperatures with high accuracy by over or minus 0.3 Celsius, effectively reducing the risk of infection to employees. The donation is the embodiment of the company's fulfillment of its community responsibility, the company stated.” Link “In 2020, two sets of thermal body temperature monitoring equipment were donated to the Lebanese Government for installation in the Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.facebook.com/108776244023965/posts/128485458719710/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-2896

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The CIPS website does not indicate the names of the financial institutions but the regional scope of their participants, according to which there are some financial institutions from Lebanon using CIPS. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.cips.com.cn/en/participants/participants_announcement/55500/index.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                "Beirut, April 19, 2016: The MIT Enterprise Forum Arab Startup Competition final ceremony and Arab Youth Innovation Conference was held at the King Abdullah Economic City, in partnership with founding partner Community Jameel and Zain Group, who manages Touch on behalf of the Lebanon Telecom Ministry. There were 9 winning teams from 7 Arab countries: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Morocco and Tunis. The winning teams were across three tracks - Ideas, Startups, and Social Entrepreneurship... The competition’s final award ceremony was held in Saudi Arabia with the support of the government partner the Economic Cities Authority and hosting partner the King Abdullah Economic City along with global technology provider Huawei." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://www.touch.com.lb/autoforms/portal/touch/about-touch/media-center/press-releases/mittttt

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TikTok is in top 5 of social media apps in Lebanon. Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.similarweb.com/zh-tw/apps/top/google/store-rank/lb/social/top-grossing/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. https://www.mobileaction.co/top-apps/social-19/android/lb

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        China and Arab states sign an action plan for cooperation in satellite navigation Link The 3rd China-Arab States Beidou Cooperation Forum was successfully held in Beijing Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. http://www.beidou.gov.cn/yw/xwzx/202201/t20220121_23559.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. http://www.beidou.gov.cn/yw/xwzx/202112/t20211214_23440.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3. http://en.beidou.gov.cn/WHATSNEWS/201905/t20190514_17980.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          “China’s Xinhua news agency reports a Chinese engineering company has been working to rehabilitate one of Lebanon’s other ports, Tripoli, creating a berth to accommodate Chinese cranes capable of moving about 700 containers per day.” Link China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd is a subsidiary of China Communications Construction Company (CCCC) controlled by the Chinese government. Link The port of Tripoli in Lebanon - Chinese cranes and equipment are expected to boost the port's capacity (Photo) Link “The cost of this phase of the project stood at $51.7 million. The construction works were carried out by Chinese contracting firm, China Harbor Engineering Company (CHEC). Dar Al Handasah (Shair and Partners sal) were the project's consultants. CHEC signed a contract with the Authority of the Port of Tripoli in 2009. The firm had initially won the bid to undertake the project back in 2004, but works were delayed. So far the project has cost around $80 million… Officials expect the new infrastructural enhancements to drive the port’s activity up to unprecedented levels.” (Bids are announced by Ministry of Public Works and Transportation) Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.voanews.com/a/middle-east_rebuilding-beirut-port-could-prove-controversial-analysts-say/6194386.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://www.portseurope.com/port-of-tripoli-must-replace-destroyed-beirut-as-entry-gate-to-lebanon/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. https://www.ft.com/content/386b3fd2-01db-11e9-99df-6183d3002ee1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4. http://www.businessnews.com.lb/cms/Story/StoryDetails/1411/Tripoli-harbor-improved

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          “In the past two years, Chinese delegations have visited Lebanon more than nine times to deliver messages from 10 Chinese companies that were willing to invest $12.5 billion in massive infrastructure projects in the country. These projects include railway infrastructure, solar power, cleaning the Litani River, and were proposed to a heavyweight Lebanese official, the expert revealed. Dr. Massoud Daher, head of the Chinese-Lebanese Friendship and Cooperation Committee, echoed this assertion when he told Arab News that China “is forbidden from entering Lebanon in such ways.” This explains why the numerous Chinese offers to Lebanon over the past years, particularly those in the electricity sector, have not yielded any results.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.the961.com/china-invest-lebanon-electricity/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Both Governments are working on this issue.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              "China Women's University (CWU) launched an opening ceremony for the Seminar on Social Management Capability Building for Female Officials from Developing Countries, on April 11, 2018. The 15-day seminar, which had received great support from the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and the Academy for International Business Officials (AIBO) from the Ministry of Commerce, drew the attendance of 28 female officials from Uganda, Ghana, Palestine, South Sudan, Lebanon, Iraq, Grenada and Uzbekistan.SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction Held in Beijing - All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), in collaboration with the Commission of Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (GNFCC SCO) and the Secretariat of the SCO, held the SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction in Beijing on July 20, 2021. Approximately 200 participants attended the forum. International guests included diplomats from SCO countries, Zambia, Lebanon, Guyana and various international organizations." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.womenofchina.cn/womenofchina/html1/special/cwu/1805/1917-1.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Trips are taking both on party level and on government level especially from 2015.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                “Major political parties of Lebanon sent delegations to China. Some Lebanese political parties sent their key members to China for training programs or workshops.” Link “On July 10, 2018, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met in Beijing with Minister of Economy and Trade Raed Khoury of Lebanon who was in China for the 8th Ministerial Meeting of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2843_663676/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. https://www.mfa.gov.cn/ce/cgchiangmai/eng/zgyw/t1576559.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Lebanese Communist Party members attended summit organized by China "For the happiness of the people: Responsibility of political parties" and posted on their social media Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2050153871803157&id=117413761743854&m_entstream_source=permalink

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                “Lebanese Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdallah Bou Habib congratulated the Chinese leaders and people on the 72nd anniversary of the founding of the PRC, and wished China more prosperity in the future. Bou Habib said that Lebanon appreciates China for its participation in the United Nations Interim Forces in Lebanon, which contributes to preserving the country's sovereignty. "We appreciate China's support for Lebanon in facing the burden of hosting the refugees and the displaced in light of the current difficult economic and financial conditions, and working in favor for their return to their homeland," he said. The minister added that China continues to coordinate and cooperate with Lebanon to confront the COVID-19 pandemic by providing vaccines and other medical aids to contain the virus and reduce its negative repercussions.” Link "His Excellency Minister Faras Al-Bayd pointed out that the coronavirus crisis is passing globally, especially with the emergence of new mutants, and multiple crises in Lebanon that greatly impacted the Lebanese health system. "The valuable assistance provided by China will help the Lebanese side's preparations to face a new wave of the coronavirus pandemic, especially with the emergence of new mutants, and it will also help Lebanon to boost the vaccination campaign." Link "Prime Minister Hariri cited China as an example of modernization to be emulated. This might make Beirut a logistics, economic, and business centre for China's BRI in the region. He brought up the subject of Syrian and Palestinian refugees in Lebanon and said that China, with its policy of opening up, might provide support in this area. Suleima n made an interesting observation about how the two countries can work together in the future."Link "A Lebanese Party Member: The achievements of the Chinese Communist Party over its 100-year history are a miracle worth studying" Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. http://www.news.cn/english/2021-10/03/c_1310223707.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. https://www.facebook.com/ChinainLebanon/posts/458518132383106
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3. https://atalayar.com/en/content/chinese-geo-strategic-expansion-levant-case-study-lebanon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4. http://arabic.news.cn/2021-04/28/c_139912098.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No Direct Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Nevertheless, Adham Al-Sayed, a member of a Lebanese party, "is studying for a doctorate at Huazhong University of Science and Technology and has been residing in the Chinese city of Wuhan since 2015 and decided to stay in the city after the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic."

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The Lebanese-Chinese Friendship Committee Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.lp.gov.lb/MemberDetails?Id=14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://cpaffc.org.cn/index/xiehui/diquguobieyouxie/lang/2.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Al-Mustaqbal delegation meets with Chinese Vice Foreign Minister 2015 Link(0/ The Lebanese Foreign Minister meets the Chinese Ambassador to Lebanon to discuss the Syrian crisis Link President of the Lebanese Republic, Michel Aoun, met the Chinese Ambassador to Lebanon Wang Kejian at the Presidential Palace in Baabda Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.lebanonfiles.com/news/929750/javascript(0/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. http://arabic.people.com.cn/31660/8012956.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=ar&newsid=1888997

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              "China Women's University (CWU) launched an opening ceremony for the Seminar on Social Management Capability Building for Female Officials from Developing Countries, on April 11, 2018. The 15-day seminar, which had received great support from the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) and the Academy for International Business Officials (AIBO) from the Ministry of Commerce, drew the attendance of 28 female officials from Uganda, Ghana, Palestine, South Sudan, Lebanon, Iraq, Grenada and Uzbekistan.SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction Held in Beijing - All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), in collaboration with the Commission of Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (GNFCC SCO) and the Secretariat of the SCO, held the SCO Forum on Women's Education and Poverty Reduction in Beijing on July 20, 2021. Approximately 200 participants attended the forum. International guests included diplomats from SCO countries, Zambia, Lebanon, Guyana and various international organizations." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.womenofchina.cn/womenofchina/html1/special/cwu/1805/1917-1.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Back in 1957 Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/ce/cejo/ara/zygx/t1164568.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Lebanon has not shown support.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  “China is stepping up its diplomatic outreach over controversial camps in its heavily Muslim region of Xinjiang, inviting more foreign diplomats to visit as it seeks to head off criticism from Muslim-majority countries and at the United Nations... A source at the Lebanese foreign ministry said Lebanon would not participate.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-xinjiang-idUSKCN1QA0XX

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Lebanon remained silent on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Lebanon expressed support to Hong Kong National Security Law Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Responses_to_the_2020_Chinese_involvement_with_Hong_Kong_national_security_law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://thediplomat.com/2020/07/which-countries-support-the-new-hong-kong-national-security-law/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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