Kenya

$2,006.8
54.9M
Ranking
22/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

150/ 372
Executive partner
Code for Africa
Index Year
2021
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

49%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

19%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

31%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Kenya had a GDP per capita of US$2,007 and a total population of 54.98 million people, with the Chinese population comprising 50,000 people, or 0.94% of the total population.

Kenya established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1964. Kenya was ranked 102nd in Reporters Without Borders' 2021 World Press Freedom Index, and partly free in Freedom House's 2020 Global Freedom Status, with a score of 48/100.

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    52.5% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    43.8% / 34%
  • Economy
    54.5% / 33.6%
  • Society
    15.0% / 23.6%
  • Military
    20.0% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    40.9% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    45.5% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    38.6% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    50.0% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

Yes

Answer ( 3 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Hide
2.
Exposure

In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

Yes

Answer ( 3 / 4 )

More

Skipped

1 countries chose this answer

0/ No

39 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

23 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

14 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

1 countries chose this answer

81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

Not Found

  1. http://brmc.chnpec.com/en/MEMBER/2018/03/14/401ab6e5bee54af8b0ce94af69cfa08a.shtml

    Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

    Hide
    3.
    Exposure

    In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

    Yes

    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

    More

    Skipped

    11 countries chose this answer

    0/ No

    15 countries chose this answer

    1/ Few, but insignificant

    15 countries chose this answer

    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

    5 countries chose this answer

    3/ Few, but significant

    23 countries chose this answer

    4/ More than a few, and significant

    13 countries chose this answer

    71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

    Supporting Evidence

    Research from the IFJ in 2020 indicates this: Many Kenyan journalists have been on trips to China, sometimes for as long as six months. It was noted that there had been a recent emphasis on taking journalists from Islamic media to China for training. In-house technical staff were also reported to have been to China for training and purchase of equipment for Kenyan infrastructure.

    1. https://www.ifj.org/fileadmin/user_upload/IFJ_Report_2020_-_The_China_Story.pdf

      Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

      Hide
      4.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

      Yes

      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      3 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      37 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      16 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      2 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      14 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      10 countries chose this answer

      79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      This evidence follows on from the previous question.

      1. https://www.ifj.org/fileadmin/user_upload/IFJ_Report_2020_-_The_China_Story.pdf

        Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

        Hide
        5.
        Exposure

        In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

        Yes

        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

        More

        Skipped

        1 countries chose this answer

        0/ No

        24 countries chose this answer

        1/ Few, but insignificant

        22 countries chose this answer

        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

        7 countries chose this answer

        3/ Few, but significant

        18 countries chose this answer

        4/ More than a few, and significant

        10 countries chose this answer

        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

        Supporting Evidence

        There are broadcasts in Kiswahili.

        1. http://swahili.cri.cn/
        2. https://www.startimestv.com/channeldetail/265.html
        3. https://www.pressreader.com/hong-kong/china-daily/20131112/281530813788216

          Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

          Hide
          6.
          Exposure

          In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

          Yes

          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

          More

          Skipped

          2 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          44 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          19 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          3 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          14 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          0 countries chose this answer

          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          The linked organisations are part-owned by PRC citizens or organisations.

          1. https://www.cgtn.com/about-us
          2. https://www.startimestv.com/home.html
          3. https://www.opera.com/
          4. http://chinaplus.cri.cn/
          5. http://m.scoopernews.com/kenya

            Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

            Hide
            7.
            Exposure

            In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

            Yes

            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

            More

            Skipped

            3 countries chose this answer

            0/ No

            22 countries chose this answer

            1/ Few, but insignificant

            21 countries chose this answer

            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

            6 countries chose this answer

            3/ Few, but significant

            23 countries chose this answer

            4/ More than a few, and significant

            7 countries chose this answer

            79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

            Supporting Evidence

            Mostly via Xinhua Press Agency, who also have Nairobi offices.

            1. https://www.dw.com/en/experts-warn-of-chinas-growing-media-influence-in-africa/a-56385420

              Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

              Hide
              8.
              Exposure

              In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

              No

              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

              More

              Skipped

              1 countries chose this answer

              0/ No

              38 countries chose this answer

              1/ Few, but insignificant

              13 countries chose this answer

              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

              7 countries chose this answer

              3/ Few, but significant

              15 countries chose this answer

              4/ More than a few, and significant

              8 countries chose this answer

              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

              Supporting Evidence

              No evidence to include

                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                  Hide
                  9.
                  Pressure

                  In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                  No

                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                  More

                  Skipped

                  1 countries chose this answer

                  0/ No

                  57 countries chose this answer

                  4/ Yes

                  24 countries chose this answer

                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                  Supporting Evidence

                  There is no evidence of this.

                      Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                      Hide
                      10.
                      Effect

                      In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                      No

                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                      More

                      Skipped

                      4 countries chose this answer

                      0/ No

                      51 countries chose this answer

                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                      11 countries chose this answer

                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                      3 countries chose this answer

                      3/ Few, but significant

                      9 countries chose this answer

                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                      4 countries chose this answer

                      78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                      Supporting Evidence

                      There is no evidence of this.

                          Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                          Hide
                          11.
                          Effect

                          In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                          Skip

                          More

                          Skipped

                          2 countries chose this answer

                          0/ No

                          44 countries chose this answer

                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                          18 countries chose this answer

                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                          4 countries chose this answer

                          3/ Few, but significant

                          9 countries chose this answer

                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                          5 countries chose this answer

                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                          Supporting Evidence

                          Not Found

                            Supplementary Notes

                            [Doublethink Lab review]: This link shows the situation of China's suppression of Uyghurs and Hong Kong, which cannot support the indicator. Link Link

                            1. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/letters/article/2001414708/china-using-cases-against-hong-kong-activists-to-muzzle-opposition
                            2. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/world/article/2001411878/defying-chinese-surveillance-young-uyghurs-abroad-speak-up-online

                            Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                            Hide

                            Academia

                            The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                            1.
                            Exposure

                            In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                            Yes

                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                            More

                            0/ No

                            9 countries chose this answer

                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                            11 countries chose this answer

                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                            6 countries chose this answer

                            3/ Few, but significant

                            31 countries chose this answer

                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                            25 countries chose this answer

                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                            Hide
                            2.
                            Exposure

                            In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                            Yes

                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                            More

                            0/ No

                            5 countries chose this answer

                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                            14 countries chose this answer

                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                            5 countries chose this answer

                            3/ Few, but significant

                            31 countries chose this answer

                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                            27 countries chose this answer

                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                            Hide
                            3.
                            Exposure

                            My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                            Yes

                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                            More

                            Skipped

                            1 countries chose this answer

                            0/ No

                            46 countries chose this answer

                            4/ Yes

                            35 countries chose this answer

                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                            Hide
                            4.
                            Exposure

                            In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                            No

                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                            More

                            Skipped

                            2 countries chose this answer

                            0/ No

                            40 countries chose this answer

                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                            17 countries chose this answer

                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                            7 countries chose this answer

                            3/ Few, but significant

                            14 countries chose this answer

                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                            2 countries chose this answer

                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                            Supporting Evidence

                            No evidence to include

                                Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                Hide
                                5.
                                Exposure

                                In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                Skip

                                More

                                Skipped

                                10 countries chose this answer

                                0/ No

                                21 countries chose this answer

                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                11 countries chose this answer

                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                11 countries chose this answer

                                3/ Few, but significant

                                19 countries chose this answer

                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                10 countries chose this answer

                                72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                Supporting Evidence

                                Not Found

                                  Supplementary Notes

                                  [Doublethink Lab Review]: The link which our local expert has provided is about the Confucius Institute, not related to the indicator. Link

                                  1. https://www.uonbi.ac.ke/news/confucius-institute-building-handed-over-university-nairobi

                                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                  Hide
                                  6.
                                  Exposure

                                  In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                  No

                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                  More

                                  Skipped

                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                  0/ No

                                  47 countries chose this answer

                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                  10 countries chose this answer

                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                  Supporting Evidence

                                  No evidence of this

                                      Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                      Hide
                                      7.
                                      Exposure

                                      In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                      Skip

                                      More

                                      Skipped

                                      13 countries chose this answer

                                      0/ No

                                      17 countries chose this answer

                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                      15 countries chose this answer

                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                      11 countries chose this answer

                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                      69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                      Supporting Evidence

                                      Not Found

                                        Supplementary Notes

                                        [Doublethink Lab Review]: The link which our local expert has provided is about the Confucius Institute, not related to the indicator. Link

                                        1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-12/04/c_137650589.htm

                                        Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                        Hide
                                        8.
                                        Pressure

                                        In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                        No

                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        Skipped

                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                        0/ No

                                        64 countries chose this answer

                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                        5 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                        There is no evidence suggesting this.

                                            Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                            Hide
                                            9.
                                            Pressure

                                            In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                            Skip

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                            0 countries chose this answer

                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                            75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            Not Found

                                              Supplementary Notes

                                              [Doublethink Lab Review]: The link which our local expert has provided is denied entry into Zambia instead of China: Link

                                              1. https://face2faceafrica.com/article/kenyan-lawyer-and-pan-africanist-denied-entry-into-zambia-over-china-africa-lecture

                                              Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                              Hide
                                              10.
                                              Effect

                                              In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                              Yes

                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                              More

                                              Skipped

                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                              0/ No

                                              64 countries chose this answer

                                              4/ Yes

                                              16 countries chose this answer

                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                              Supporting Evidence

                                              Not Found

                                              1. https://www.uonbi.ac.ke/news/confucius-institute-building-handed-over-university-nairobi

                                                Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                Hide
                                                11.
                                                Effect

                                                In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                                No

                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                More

                                                Skipped

                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                0/ No

                                                65 countries chose this answer

                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                No evidence to include

                                                    Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                    Hide

                                                    Economy

                                                    The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                    2.
                                                    Exposure

                                                    PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                    Yes

                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                    More

                                                    Skipped

                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                    0/ No

                                                    77 countries chose this answer

                                                    4/ Yes

                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                    Hide
                                                    3.
                                                    Exposure

                                                    The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                    No

                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                    More

                                                    0/ No

                                                    62 countries chose this answer

                                                    4/ Yes

                                                    20 countries chose this answer

                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                    No evidence to include

                                                        Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                        Hide
                                                        4.
                                                        Exposure

                                                        In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                        Yes

                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                        More

                                                        0/ No

                                                        36 countries chose this answer

                                                        4/ Yes

                                                        46 countries chose this answer

                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                        Hide
                                                        5.
                                                        Exposure

                                                        My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                        Yes

                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                        More

                                                        0/ No

                                                        27 countries chose this answer

                                                        4/ Yes

                                                        55 countries chose this answer

                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                        Hide
                                                        6.
                                                        Exposure

                                                        In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                        Yes

                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                        More

                                                        0/ No

                                                        41 countries chose this answer

                                                        4/ Yes

                                                        41 countries chose this answer

                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                        It's known as the Kenya National Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

                                                        1. https://www.beltandroadglobalforum.com/en/member/forumfull
                                                        2. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-03/25/c_137922762.htm

                                                          Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                          Hide
                                                          7.
                                                          Pressure

                                                          My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                          No

                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                          More

                                                          0/ No

                                                          64 countries chose this answer

                                                          4/ Yes

                                                          18 countries chose this answer

                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                          No evidence to include.

                                                              Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                              Hide
                                                              8.
                                                              Pressure

                                                              In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                              No

                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                              More

                                                              Skipped

                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                              0/ No

                                                              65 countries chose this answer

                                                              4/ Yes

                                                              15 countries chose this answer

                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                              No evidence to include

                                                                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                  Hide
                                                                  9.
                                                                  Effect

                                                                  My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                  No

                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                  More

                                                                  0/ No

                                                                  51 countries chose this answer

                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                  Not Found

                                                                  1. https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/tea/business/kenya-rejects-china-eac-free-trade-agreement-1393736

                                                                    Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                    Hide
                                                                    10.
                                                                    Effect

                                                                    In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                    Yes

                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    47 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    35 countries chose this answer

                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    Not Found

                                                                    1. https://www.businessdailyafrica.com/bd/markets/market-news/kenya-eases-special-economic-zone-rules-to-woo-investments-2274930

                                                                      Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                      Hide
                                                                      11.
                                                                      Effect

                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                      No

                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      Skipped

                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      76 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      The answer to the above is not a resounding no as the risk of Kenya losing its assets over debt to PRC is imminent, as explained by the links.

                                                                      1. https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2021-03-15-china-could-seize-mombasa-port-over-sh364bn-sgr-loan/
                                                                      2. https://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/china-to-take-over-kenyas-main-port-over-unpaid-huge-chinese-loan/
                                                                      3. https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/business/Kenya-assets-risk-seizure-by-Chinese/2560-4870476-prkgwj/index.html

                                                                        Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                        Hide

                                                                        Society

                                                                        The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                        1.
                                                                        Exposure

                                                                        In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                        No

                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                        More

                                                                        Skipped

                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                        0/ No

                                                                        49 countries chose this answer

                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                        12 countries chose this answer

                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                        No evidence to include.

                                                                            Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                            Hide
                                                                            2.
                                                                            Exposure

                                                                            In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                            No

                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                            More

                                                                            Skipped

                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                            0/ No

                                                                            62 countries chose this answer

                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                            19 countries chose this answer

                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                            No evidence to include.

                                                                                Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                Hide
                                                                                3.
                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                                No

                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                No evidence to include.

                                                                                    Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                    4.
                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                    In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                    No

                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                    More

                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                    50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                    No evidence to include.

                                                                                        Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                        5.
                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                        In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                        Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                        More

                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                        33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                        25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                        8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                        8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                        1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-11/18/c_139523226.htm

                                                                                          Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                          6.
                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                          In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                          More

                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                          46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                          35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                          7.
                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                          In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                          More

                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                          38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                          6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                          1. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/counties/article/2000154391/pang-ownership-disclosed-to-parliamentary-team

                                                                                            Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                            8.
                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                            Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                            Skip

                                                                                            More

                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                            60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                            15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                            1. https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1188260.shtml
                                                                                            2. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/entertainment/features/2001403909/hunting-chinese-tv-series-filmed-in-kenya-takes-market-by-storm
                                                                                            3. https://www.kenyans.co.ke/news/62493-nairobi-tv-series-attracts-250-million-viewers-china
                                                                                            4. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-10/20/c_138488443.htm
                                                                                            5. https://news.cgtn.com/news/2019-09-03/Kenya-launches-first-Chinese-Film-Week-to-boost-cultural-cooperation-JG83pA3CRa/index.html

                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                            [Doublethink Lab Review]: The links which our local expert has provided was about TV production collaborated between China and Kenya, although it shows the industry has significant high actives in Kenya, we do need more research or evidence on whether if they're portraying the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                              Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                              9.
                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                              In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                              No

                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                              More

                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                              67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                              0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                              No evidence to include

                                                                                                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                  In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                  54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                  No evidence to include

                                                                                                      Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                      11.
                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                      In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                      MoreHide

                                                                                                      Military

                                                                                                      The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                      1.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                      No evidence to include

                                                                                                          Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                          3.
                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                          My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                          66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                          15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                          No evidence to include

                                                                                                              Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                              4.
                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                              In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                              67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                              13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                              5.
                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                              In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                              Skip

                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                              61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                              19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                [Doublethink Lab Review]: The link which our local expert has provided is not related to PLA and HADR: Link

                                                                                                                1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-06/11/c_138134299.htm

                                                                                                                Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                No evidence to include

                                                                                                                    Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                    7.
                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                    In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                    34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                    No evidence to include

                                                                                                                        Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                        In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                        67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                        No evidence to include

                                                                                                                            Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                            In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                            No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                10.
                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                    Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                    My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                    No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                        Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                        Hide

                                                                                                                                        Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                                        The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                        1.
                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                        My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                        2.
                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                        In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                        No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                            Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                            3.
                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                            In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                    7.
                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                    My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                    30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/counties/article/2000125287/safaricom-reveals-huawei-involvement-in-cctv-tender

                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                      8.
                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                      In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                      71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                      11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                      No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                          My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                          68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                          No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                              10.
                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                              My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                              71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                              Not Found

                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.cnn.com/2016/08/09/asia/taiwan-kenya-deportations/index.html

                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide

                                                                                                                                                                    Technology

                                                                                                                                                                    The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    2.
                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                    27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                    30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                    24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://africabusinesscommunities.com/news/kenya-huawei-partners-with-safaricom-to-deploy-fiber-to-the-home-network/

                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                      28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                      53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                      5.
                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                      42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                      19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                      No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          6.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          7.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          8.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://qz.com/africa/1905079/facial-recognition-tech-in-africa-boosted-by-ghana-ai-startup/

                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                            44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                            The top five social media in Kenya are: Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, LinkedIn, Instagram

                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                No evidence to include.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Mary Mutisya, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                    Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                                    The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                    2.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.the-star.co.ke/counties/north-eastern/2016-06-02-embu-residents-say-mcas-trip-to-china-a-waste-of-money/

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                      25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                      32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://youtu.be/4N8m3e37DLg

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        5.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                        1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/24/c_137201302.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ldY1fBLPyBg

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                          6.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                          60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                          0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                          No supporting evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                              7.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                  8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                  No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                      37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. http://ke.china-embassy.org/eng/xw/t421245.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                        No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                            11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                            No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. http://www.parliament.go.ke/virtual-conference-between-national-assembly-kenya-and-national-peoples-congress-npc-peoples

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. http://www.parliament.go.ke/virtual-conference-between-national-assembly-kenya-and-national-peoples-congress-npc-peoples

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/zfhzlt2018/eng/zfzs_1/t1829653.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No evidence to suggest this.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No evidence to suggest this.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No evidence to suggest this.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. http://ke.china-embassy.org/eng/xw/t421245.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-china-kenya-idUSKCN0X90EX

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kenya's government has not made its stance clear.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. http://ke.china-embassy.org/eng/xw/t421245.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No evidence to include

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Cathy Wamaitha, and has been reviewed by Allan Cheboi

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
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