Jordan

$4,405.8
10.2M
Ranking
59/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

90/ 396
Executive partner
Civic IDEA
Index Year
2022
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

29%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

0%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

19%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Jordan had a GDP per capita of US$4,406 and a total population of 10.26 million people. Data on the Chinese population in the country is not available.

Jordan established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1977. Jordan was ranked 120th in Reporters Without Borders' 2022 World Press Freedom Index, and Not Free in Freedom House's 2022 Global Freedom Status, with a score of 33/100.

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    20.5% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    29.5% / 34%
  • Economy
    36.4% / 33.6%
  • Society
    9.1% / 23.6%
  • Military
    27.3% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    0.0% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    18.2% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    27.3% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    36.4% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

No

Answer ( 0 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

According to their website, no Jordanian media organization is a member of the World Chinese Media Network Link

      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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      2.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

      Yes

      Answer ( 1 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      1 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      39 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      23 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      4 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      14 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      1 countries chose this answer

      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      Jordan Radio and Television Corporation is a member of the Belt and Road News Alliance. Link

      1. https://brnalink.com/members.html

        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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        3.
        Exposure

        In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

        Yes

        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

        More

        Skipped

        11 countries chose this answer

        0/ No

        15 countries chose this answer

        1/ Few, but insignificant

        15 countries chose this answer

        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

        5 countries chose this answer

        3/ Few, but significant

        23 countries chose this answer

        4/ More than a few, and significant

        13 countries chose this answer

        71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

        Supporting Evidence

        "Amman, May 28 (Petra) -- A two-week training programme for Arab Journalists concluded in Beijing with the aim of boosting China's relations with the Arab world in the media field. Some 39 journalists from ten Arab countries, including 3 from Jordan, participated in the program, which started on May 10, and included seminars, discussions and field tours to acquaint the participants with China's development experiment."

        1. https://www.thefreelibrary.com/China-organised+training+programme+for+Arab+Journalists+concludes-a0494820110

          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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          4.
          Exposure

          In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

          Yes

          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

          More

          Skipped

          3 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          37 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          16 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          2 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          14 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          10 countries chose this answer

          79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          "Amman, May 28, 2017 (Petra) -- A two-week training programme for Arab Journalists concluded in Beijing with the aim of boosting China's relations with the Arab world in the media field. Some 39 journalists from ten Arab countries, including 3 from Jordan, participated in the program, which started on May 10, and included seminars, discussions and field tours to acquaint the participants with China's development experiment." Link "Representatives from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates also attended a three-week "Seminar for Senior Media Staff in Arab Countries" at an unspecified date. Details about what actually happens during those seminars are scant. But pictures published by the Chinese ministry of commerce of a seminar on the "promotion of international cooperation," held last August for 43 officials from BRI countries, showed delegates attending a lecture by Chinese officials and receiving a "graduation certificate" at the end." Link

          1. https://www.thefreelibrary.com/China-organised+training+programme+for+Arab+Journalists+concludes-a0494820110
          2. https://www.businessinsider.com/china-taught-foreign-countries-journalists-how-to-restrict-speech-2018-11

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            5.
            Exposure

            In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

            No

            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

            More

            Skipped

            1 countries chose this answer

            0/ No

            24 countries chose this answer

            1/ Few, but insignificant

            22 countries chose this answer

            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

            7 countries chose this answer

            3/ Few, but significant

            18 countries chose this answer

            4/ More than a few, and significant

            10 countries chose this answer

            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

            Supporting Evidence

            No Evidence Found.

                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                6.
                Exposure

                In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

                No

                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                More

                Skipped

                2 countries chose this answer

                0/ No

                44 countries chose this answer

                1/ Few, but insignificant

                19 countries chose this answer

                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                3 countries chose this answer

                3/ Few, but significant

                14 countries chose this answer

                4/ More than a few, and significant

                0 countries chose this answer

                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                Supporting Evidence

                No Evidence Found.

                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                    7.
                    Exposure

                    In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

                    Yes

                    Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                    More

                    Skipped

                    3 countries chose this answer

                    0/ No

                    22 countries chose this answer

                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                    21 countries chose this answer

                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                    6 countries chose this answer

                    3/ Few, but significant

                    23 countries chose this answer

                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                    7 countries chose this answer

                    79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                    Supporting Evidence

                    Jordan Times, airing information derived from China Daily and Xinhua Link Link

                    1. http://www.jordantimes.com/search/site/china%20daily
                    2. http://www.jordantimes.com/search/site/Xinhua

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                      8.
                      Exposure

                      In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

                      No

                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                      More

                      Skipped

                      1 countries chose this answer

                      0/ No

                      38 countries chose this answer

                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                      13 countries chose this answer

                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                      7 countries chose this answer

                      3/ Few, but significant

                      15 countries chose this answer

                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                      8 countries chose this answer

                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                      Supporting Evidence

                      No Evidence Found.

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                          9.
                          Pressure

                          In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                          No

                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                          More

                          Skipped

                          1 countries chose this answer

                          0/ No

                          57 countries chose this answer

                          4/ Yes

                          24 countries chose this answer

                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                          Supporting Evidence

                          No Evidence Found.

                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                              10.
                              Effect

                              In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                              No

                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                              More

                              Skipped

                              4 countries chose this answer

                              0/ No

                              51 countries chose this answer

                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                              11 countries chose this answer

                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                              3 countries chose this answer

                              3/ Few, but significant

                              9 countries chose this answer

                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                              4 countries chose this answer

                              78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                              Supporting Evidence

                              No Evidence Found.

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                                  11.
                                  Effect

                                  In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                                  No

                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                  More

                                  Skipped

                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                  0/ No

                                  44 countries chose this answer

                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                  18 countries chose this answer

                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                  Supporting Evidence

                                  Reports of China’s Repression in Xinjiang ‘100 Percent True’: Jordanian Journalist Link The article shows a totally different stance, as the Jordanian Journalist provides the evidence of the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC.

                                  1. https://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/reports-09122019172439.html

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                                    Academia

                                    The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                                    1.
                                    Exposure

                                    In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                                    Yes

                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                    More

                                    0/ No

                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                    25 countries chose this answer

                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                    Supporting Evidence

                                    “[Salt, Jordan, October 24, 2019] Together with Huawei, Al Balqa’ Applied University(BAU) has officially launched the country’s first Huawei ICT Academy in the university campus in Salt city, with the presence of H.E Mr. Pan Weifang, the Ambassador of Chinese Embassy. Targeting to training more than 500 students per year in the latest technology such as Cloud Computing and AI, the both parties are also planning to make the Academy into the regional training center in the future.” Link "The President of the German Jordanian University (GJU), Prof. Manar Fayyad, and the Head of the educational sector at Huawei in Jordan, Naser Abdel Nour, discussed cooperation between the two sides in areas of common interest." Link "Huawei signs a deal with Jordan University of Science and Technology to build on-campus cybersecurity, #AI & #5G academy to enhance students' digital skills & knowledge, driving the country’s vision of becoming a regional hub for ICT." Link "PSUT SIGNS AGREEMENT WITH HUAWEI TO CREATE ACADEMY SPECIALIZING IN CYBERSECURITY AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE" Link 2019 - "Jordan and China's telecommunication giant Huawei on Sunday signed an agreement to establish three academies in Jordan to enhance skills of young Jordanians in the field of technology." Link

                                    1. https://e.huawei.com/ph/news/service/2019/first-huawei-ict-academy-in-Jordan
                                    2. http://www.gju.edu.jo/news/gju-discusses-ways-cooperation-huawei-11639
                                    3. https://www.facebook.com/huawei/posts/10158840382725874
                                    4. https://psut.edu.jo/content/psut-signs-agreement-huawei-create-academy-specializing-cybersecurity-and-artificial
                                    5. https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201904/07/WS5ca9fe67a3104842260b4bc4.html

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                                      2.
                                      Exposure

                                      In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                                      Yes

                                      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                      More

                                      0/ No

                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                      31 countries chose this answer

                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                      27 countries chose this answer

                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                      Supporting Evidence

                                      "Talal Abu-Ghazaleh Confucius Institute was established in September 2008 to promote the Chinese language and culture in order to reach a better mutual understanding between Arab and Chinese cultures...TAG-CI is the first official Chinese language teaching center in Jordan where Chinese lessons are conducted by professional teachers from the Shenyang Normal University in Shenyang." Link "Confucius Institute at Philadelphia University, Jordan, is located in Amman, the capital of the Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan, of which the host university and the Chinese partner university are respectively Philadelphia University, Jordan and Liaocheng University." Link

                                      1. https://tagconfucius.com/article/view/About%20Us
                                      2. https://www.philadelphia.edu.jo/centers/confucius/about.html

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                                        3.
                                        Exposure

                                        My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                                        No

                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        Skipped

                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                        0/ No

                                        46 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ Yes

                                        35 countries chose this answer

                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                        No Evidence Found.

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                                            4.
                                            Exposure

                                            In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                                            Yes

                                            Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            40 countries chose this answer

                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                            17 countries chose this answer

                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                            14 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            Al-albayt University, Jeraih University, Mutah University, Tafila Technical University and Amman University are the members of University Alliance of the Silk Road Link

                                            1. http://uasr.xjtu.edu.cn/Members/Members.htm

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                                              5.
                                              Exposure

                                              In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                              Yes

                                              Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                              More

                                              Skipped

                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                              0/ No

                                              21 countries chose this answer

                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                              19 countries chose this answer

                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                              72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                              Supporting Evidence

                                              "China University of Geosciences was authorized by Chinese government to cooperate with Ministry of higher Education and Scientific Research of Jordan on the construction of joint higher education institute: “Sino-Jordan University”." Link Link "The Chinese government had already expressed its willingness to establish the university and finance its construction once a plot of land had been allocated for the project." Link "Under the agreement, which was signed by Culture Minister Nabih Shuqum and Chinese Ambassador to Jordan Pan Weifang, a Chinese-funded cultural centre will be established in the capital in the near future." Link

                                              1. https://eniec.cug.edu.cn/info/1058/1146.htm
                                              2. https://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/jordan-china-discuss-establishment-sino-jordanian-university
                                              3. http://vista.sahafi.jo/art.php?id=e45f600f891e90cf9a520cdaa102160218889414
                                              4. http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/chinese-cultural-centre-open-amman-soon

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                                                6.
                                                Exposure

                                                In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                                No

                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                More

                                                Skipped

                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                0/ No

                                                47 countries chose this answer

                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                5 countries chose this answer

                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                No evidence found.

                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                  "Even in the absence of full agreement, the Chinese government established the "Special Scholarship for Chinese Jordanian University" in 2016 to support Jordanian students to study in China in a bid to train a pool of talents for the project. The scholarship has enrolled students for 6 consecutive years, and enrollment for 2021 has just completed with 132 students enrolled. Therefore, the project has not been suspended, but rather advanced steadily." Link “Jordanian ICT talent recognised in finale of Huawei Middle East ICT Competition 2021” Link

                                                  1. http://jo.china-embassy.org/eng/dtxw/202108/t20210809_8917211.htm
                                                  2. https://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/jordanian-ict-talent-recognised-finale-huawei-middle-east-ict-competition-2021

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                                                  7.
                                                  Exposure

                                                  In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                  Yes

                                                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                  More

                                                  Skipped

                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                  0/ No

                                                  17 countries chose this answer

                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                  15 countries chose this answer

                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                  11 countries chose this answer

                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                  69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                  On December 22, 2021, Beijing time, the first China-Jordan friendly dialogue was held in Beijing. Themed by "Once in a Blue Moon: Joint Development of the 'Belt and Road' and Jordan's '2025 Vision'", the Dialogue was organized among the Chinese and Jordanian governments, experts and scholars in the fields of economy, trade, culture and education and industry representatives in cloud. The event was sponsored by the China International Communication Group (CICG) and Beijing Foreign Studies University, organized by Beijing Xufang International Digital Culture Media Co., Ltd., Peking Foreign Studies University--Department of Arabic Studies, and supported by SDIC Mining Investment Co., Ltd. A total of 100 people participated in the event online and offline. Link

                                                  1. https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/the-first-china-jordan-friendship-dialogue-held-in-beijing-301449972.html

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                                                    8.
                                                    Pressure

                                                    In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                                    No

                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                    More

                                                    Skipped

                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                    0/ No

                                                    64 countries chose this answer

                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                        9.
                                                        Pressure

                                                        In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                                        No

                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                        More

                                                        Skipped

                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                        0/ No

                                                        64 countries chose this answer

                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                        75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                        No Evidence Found.

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                                                            10.
                                                            Effect

                                                            In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                                            No

                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                            More

                                                            Skipped

                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                            0/ No

                                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                                            4/ Yes

                                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                            "The Asian languages department was first established in the middle of the scholastic year 2007/2008 after being separated from the then Modern Language Department. This newly created department continues with the University of Jordan’s time-honored tradition of providing its students with quality education mainly in the field of Asian language and literature. The department also hosts Chinese-English Program." Link

                                                            1. http://languages.ju.edu.jo/Departments/School_DeptHome.aspx?deptname=%20Asian%20Languages

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                                                              11.
                                                              Effect

                                                              In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                                              No

                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                              More

                                                              Skipped

                                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                                              0/ No

                                                              65 countries chose this answer

                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                                              77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                              No evidence found.

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                                                                  Economy

                                                                  The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                                  1.
                                                                  Exposure

                                                                  The PRC is my country's number one trading partner (for trade in goods only).

                                                                  No

                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                  More

                                                                  0/ No

                                                                  51 countries chose this answer

                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                  The EU is Jordan’s biggest trade partner Link China is Jordan's third largest trading partner Link

                                                                  1. https://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/countries/jordan/
                                                                  2. http://english.www.gov.cn/news/internationalexchanges/202101/29/content_WS601372a4c6d0f72576944bcc.html

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                                                                    2.
                                                                    Exposure

                                                                    PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                                    No

                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    Skipped

                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    77 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Hide
                                                                    3.
                                                                    Exposure

                                                                    The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                                    No

                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    62 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    20 countries chose this answer

                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                      Link

                                                                      1. https://www.reuters.com/article/china-jordan-nuclear-idUKPEK30371120080820

                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                      Hide
                                                                      4.
                                                                      Exposure

                                                                      In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                                      Yes

                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      "At the 2015 China-Arab Expo, Jordan and China announced the signing of US$7 billion in investment agreements in what has been referred to as King Abdullah’s “Pivot to Asia”. Energy and transportation projects ruled the day, with the total package of agreements including a US$2.7 billion contract for the construction of a 900 MW shale-fired power plant and 1,000-megawatt renewable energy power plant, as well as a US$2.8 billion contract for a national railway network." Link "Attarat Power Company (“APCO”) announced that it has reached financial close for the USD 2.1 billion project to construct the first oil shale fired power station and open cast mine in Jordan...APCO is now owned 45% by YTL Power International of Malaysia, 45% by Guangdong Yudean Group Co. Limited of China and 10% by Eesti Energia. The shareholders have committed to provide base shareholder funding of up to USD 528 million to fund the project." Link "A Chinese company invested in the Arab Potash Corporation and became the largest shareholder. The company achieved record growth in potash fertilizer production and sales in 2020 despite the impact of the pandemic." Link

                                                                      1. https://www.policyforum.net/jordans-pivot-to-china/
                                                                      2. https://www.energia.ee/en/uudised/avaleht/-/newsv2/2017/03/20/attarat-power-company-viis-lopule-jordaania-polevkivielektrijaama-rahastamise
                                                                      3. http://jo.chineseembassy.org/eng/dtxw/202110/t20211025_10438737.htm

                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                      “SDIC Mining Investment of China is the biggest shareholder in Jordan’s Arab Potash Company, which had been a major state-owned entity until 2003.” Link

                                                                      1. https://www.mei.edu/publications/jordans-strategy-2022-bend-dont-break

                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                      Hide
                                                                      5.
                                                                      Exposure

                                                                      My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                                      Yes

                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      27 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                      55 countries chose this answer

                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      Not Found

                                                                      1. https://www.aiib.org/en/about-aiib/governance/members-of-bank/index.html

                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                        Hide
                                                                        6.
                                                                        Exposure

                                                                        In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                                        Yes

                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                        More

                                                                        0/ No

                                                                        41 countries chose this answer

                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                        41 countries chose this answer

                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                        Jordan Chamber of Commerce is a member of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce Link

                                                                        1. http://www.srcic.com/silk-road-members/?page=2

                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                          Hide
                                                                          7.
                                                                          Pressure

                                                                          My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                                          No

                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                          More

                                                                          0/ No

                                                                          64 countries chose this answer

                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                          18 countries chose this answer

                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                          No evidence found.

                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                              Hide
                                                                              8.
                                                                              Pressure

                                                                              In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                                              No

                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                              More

                                                                              Skipped

                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                              0/ No

                                                                              65 countries chose this answer

                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                              15 countries chose this answer

                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                              Hide
                                                                              9.
                                                                              Effect

                                                                              My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                              No

                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                              More

                                                                              0/ No

                                                                              51 countries chose this answer

                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                              31 countries chose this answer

                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                              China and Jordan have neither bilateral, nor regional FTAs signed. Link

                                                                              1. https://www.trade.gov/country-commercial-guides/china-trade-agreements

                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                Hide
                                                                                10.
                                                                                Effect

                                                                                In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                                Yes

                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                47 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                Aqaba economic zone Link

                                                                                1. https://www.oboreurope.com/en/neom-and-the-bri/

                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                  11.
                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                                  No

                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                  More

                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                  76 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                  There is no such occurence.

                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                      Hide

                                                                                      Society

                                                                                      The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                                      1.
                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                      In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                                      No

                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                      More

                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                      49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                      No such evidence found.

                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                          2.
                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                          In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                                          No

                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                          More

                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                          62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                          No such evidence found.

                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                              3.
                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                              In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                                              No

                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                              More

                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                              68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                              13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                              No such evidence found.

                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                  4.
                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                  In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                  50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                    “Cultural events, such as the Chinese Culture Week, the first Chinese Film Week and the performances by Jilin Art Troupe for Jordanian audience from all walks of life and the local Chinese community were successfully staged in Amman, capital of Jordan.” Link "Jordanian and Chinese musicians and singers on Saturday performed traditional songs of both countries at Jerash Festival 2017. The Jerash Festival is held in the ancient Greco-Roman town of Jerash, 48km north of Amman. At the northern theatre, known for hosting cultural and artistic concerts, the Jinan Traditional Chinese Orchestra performed a joint concert with Jordanian singers and musicians using both Chinese and Arabic traditional instruments." Link

                                                                                                    1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2833_663656/
                                                                                                    2. http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/jordanian-chinese-artists-mix-musical-traditions-jerash-festival

                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                    In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                    33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                    2018 - "A media delegation led by All-China Journalists Association (ACJA) Secretary-General Pan Gang, Thursday, visited the Jordan News Agency (Petra), to explore prospects of cooperation and get first-hand look at news services that Petra provides." Link "AMMAN – HE Dr. Talal Abu-Ghazaleh, Chairman of Talal Abu-Ghazaleh Organization (TAG-Org), received the All-China Journalists Association (ACJA) and members of the Jordanian Press Association to discuss the role of media in developing Chinese relations on an economic, cultural and educational level." Link 2017 – “Amman, capital of Jordan, ushered in the "Second Sino-Jordan Silk Road Literature Seminar" on Oct 14. Pan Weifang, Chinese ambassador to Jordan, together with the chairman of Jordan Writers Association, a delegation of Chinese writers and nearly 50 literary celebrities attended the seminar.” Link "The Jordanian National Commission for Women (JNCW) on Thursday received a contribution of computer and electronic equipment from the All-China Women's Federation." Link

                                                                                                    1. https://www.thefreelibrary.com/All-China+Journalists+Association+delegation+visits+Petra-a0557778880
                                                                                                    2. https://tagiti.com/en/article/page/abu-ghazaleh-meets-with-all-china-journalists-association-to-discuss-promoting-relations-with-china
                                                                                                    3. https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/culture/2017-10/18/content_33412998.htm
                                                                                                    4. http://jo.chineseembassy.org/eng/dtxw/200503/t20050313_1967908.htm

                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                      6.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                      35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                      No evidence found.

                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                          7.
                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                          In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                          38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                          6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                          Title - "Chinese culture to be celebrated in series of events over next two months" "A section for Chinese books will open on Wednesday at the headquarters of the Amman International Book Fair, marking the beginning of a series of Chinese cultural events in Jordan over the next two months, according to the cultural department of the Chinese embassy. The events, which include film screenings, exhibitions and music performances, will take place in various cultural centres and facilities in the Kingdom, starting off with an exhibition of traditional Chinese paintings in Shmeisani’s Culture Street on Thursday. The film “The Master” will be screend at the Amman International Book Fair on Friday, where the film’s adirector will be present for a discussion after the screening, , the cultural department at the embassy of China said in a statement sent to The Jordan Times on Tuesday. Two other Chinese films will be screened at the Royal Film Commission, “Silent Witness” on Sunday, and “The Postmodern Life of My Aunt” on Monday." Link

                                                                                                          1. http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/chinese-culture-be-celebrated-series-events-over-next-two-months

                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                            8.
                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                            Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                            60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                            15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                9.
                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                No such evidence found.

                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                    10.
                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                    In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                    In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                    25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                    No evidence found.

                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                      Usually Jordanian people have no clear perception of the PRC, therefore, they pay minor attention to PRC's influence.

                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                        Hide

                                                                                                                        Military

                                                                                                                        The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                                        1.
                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                        My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                        36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                        46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                        The link indicates that China has sold military drones to Jordan. Link A military cooperation agreement was signed between the JAF and the Chinese army, stipulating a 30 million Chinese Yuan (an equivalent of around $4.7 million) grant to provide the JAF with military equipment. Link

                                                                                                                        1. https://ecfr.eu/publication/china_great_game_middle_east/
                                                                                                                        2. http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/jordan-china-sign-military-cooperation-deal

                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                          2.
                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                          My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                          74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                              My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                              66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                              15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                              No Direct Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                "In addition to expanding the Saudi fleet, the new facility can operate as a hub for manufacturing and servicing for other CH-4 operators in the Middle East, including Egypt, Iraq and Jordan." Link Link

                                                                                                                                1. https://www.defensenews.com/air/2017/03/28/china-to-open-a-drone-factory-in-saudi-arabia/
                                                                                                                                2. https://thediplomat.com/2021/06/the-middle-east-an-emerging-market-for-chinese-arms-exports/

                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                    In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                    61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                    In 2013, China provided humanitarian assistance to Jordan to help with the Syrian refugees in Jordan. Link “The People’s Republic of China has contributed USD 200,000 to IOM’s operation to provide medical aid and transport from the border to Za’atari refugee camp. IOM has worked closely with the Jordanian Armed Forces at the border to provide medical screening and buses to transport over 100,000 new arrivals to the camp, since the site opened on July 29th 2012. Za’atari now houses over 60,000 people.” Link As of September 2021, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) had delivered medical supplies and aid to at least 52 countries. The following month, stage III trials of both Sinopharm and Sinovac vaccines kicked off in five countries (Bahrain, Brazil, Egypt, Jordan, and the UAE). Link

                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2833_663656/
                                                                                                                                    2. https://www.iom.int/news/china-backs-iom-jordan-aid-syrian-refugees
                                                                                                                                    3. https://chinapower.csis.org/china-covid-medical-vaccine-diplomacy/

                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                      6.
                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                      In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                      77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                          7.
                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                          In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                          48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                          34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                          No military education but "The mission of the Chinese Language Pavilion is to qualify the officers of the Jordanian armed forces and security services in the field of the Chinese language to speak fluently, using the latest methods used in teaching languages ​​globally. The Language Institute has good relations with the Chinese Cultural Center and the Chinese Cultural and Military Attaché in Jordan. Students participate in all cultural activities, seminars and visits related to Chinese language and culture. All participants in the course are officers of the Jordanian armed forces and security services." Link

                                                                                                                                          1. https://jafli.jaf.mil.jo/ContentsLanguageInistitute/chinesear.aspx

                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                            8.
                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                            In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                9.
                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                    10.
                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                    In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                    68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                        My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                        51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                        31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                        General He of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) participates with his soldiers in Warrior Competition funded and hosted by the King Abdullah II Special Operations Training Center (KASOTC), a facility run by the Jordanian Armed Forces. Link

                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/05/a-dispatch-from-the-counterterrorism-olympics/370781/

                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                          Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                                                          The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                          1.
                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                          My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                          50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                          No such evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                              2.
                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                              In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                              55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                              26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                              The two sides have not signed official agreements on combatting terrorism yet, but they are working on that. 2021 - "Jordan police chief, Chinese ambassador discuss security cooperation" Link “The communiqué indicated that the two sides would be exchanging information regarding security, judiciary and law enforcement, in addition to exerting joint efforts to fight terrorism, organized crime and cross-border crimes.” Link 2016 - "Public Security Department (PSD) Director Maj. Gen. Atef Saudi on Monday discussed bilateral cooperation with Wang Jian, assistant minister at the Chinese ministry of public security, the Jordan News Agency, Petra, reported. Saudi highlighted Jordan’s cooperation with China in fields related to police and security, noting that the PSD seeks to benefit from China’s expertise, especially in combating terrorism. The Chinese official commended the expertise of the PSD." Link

                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.zawya.com/en/economy/jordan-police-chief-chinese-ambassador-discuss-security-cooperation-r5qsza0h
                                                                                                                                                              2. https://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/jordan-china-sign-strategic-partnership-agreement

                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                3.
                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                No such evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    4.
                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                        5.
                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                        37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                        14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                        15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                7.
                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                    8.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        9.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                        My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                            71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                    Technology

                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                        "Orange inks deal with Huawei for June 4G launch" Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.commsupdate.com/articles/2015/03/26/orange-inks-deal-with-huawei-for-june-4g-launch/

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2021 - "Huawei on Wednesday announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Jordan Advanced Fiber Company (FiberTech), the provider of fiber communication services." Link "AMMAN-Talal Abu-Ghazaleh Organization (TAG-Org) and ZTE signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop digital solutions in various fields. According to the Memorandum, the two parties agreed to form a joint strategic taskforce who will cooperate to implement in the provisions of the agreement in the Information Technology and communication, education, transportation and smart devices fields in Jordan." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://en.ammonnews.net/article/54262
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://www.tagorg.com/news.aspx?id=18585&lang=en

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                            28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                            53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Jordan's House of Parliament has had its surveillance cameras replaced with a Hikvision CCTV surveillance system. The new Hikvision system includes more than 100 cameras monitor all parts of the house and its grounds. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-2988

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Such occasion has not occurred yet.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The CIPS website does not indicate the names of the financial institutions but the regional scope of their participants, according to which there are some financial institutions from Jordan using CIPS. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.cips.com.cn/en/participants/participants_announcement/55500/index.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        “Over 100 developers and startups attend HUAWEI developer day in Jordan.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://mystartupworld.com/over-100-developers-and-startups-attend-huawei-developer-day-in-jordan/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              According to the website Link, no PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://www.similarweb.com/apps/top/google/store-rank/jo/communication/top-free/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. http://en.beidou.gov.cn/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The link provides information about a number of agreements (including on the sub-national level) signed between the Jordanian government and the PRC state-owned entities. Link "A study conducted by the Chinese Railway Engineering Corporation for the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) has confirmed that the topography of the city allows the implementation of the Amman Metro, according to a GAM official" Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.ammonnews.net/article/242520
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/amman-suitable-metro-project-%E2%80%94-field-study

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Aqaba, Jordan – Ürümqi, China; Irbid, Jordan - Zhengzhou, China; Link Amman, Jordan – Beijing, China Link Irbid, Jordan - Cheung Chau, China Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_twin_towns_and_sister_cities_in_Jordan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. http://en.sistercity.info/sister-cities/Amman.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. http://en.sistercity.info/sister-cities/Irbid.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In 2013 – “In early September, Manar M. Dabbas, Director of the Political Affairs Directorate at the Royal Court, and Samer I. Asfour, Director of Economic and Social Department at the Royal Court, visited China to make preparations for King Abdullah II's visit. To implement the agreement reached by leaders of the two countries on developing bilateral relations, Vice Commerce Minister Li Jinzao led a government trade delegation to Jordan in November. In December, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriate Affairs Joudeh led a delegation to China… Jordanian Tourism Minister Ibrahim Saif and the president of a Jordanian journalist association Tarek Muhammad, among others, visited or attended conferences in China.” Link 2013 – “King Abdullah II touring the Huawei research center, Shanghai’s Jinqiao economic zone, and the first China-Arab States Expo in Ningxia.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2833_663656/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://www.theatlantic.com/china/archive/2013/09/jordan-chinas-gateway-to-the-middle-east/279988/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No direct evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  China expressed support for the PLO rebels on September 19, 1970. Link During Jordan’s Black September in 1970, the Communist Party of China (CCP) supported the Palestinian fedayeen in their attempts at overthrowing the monarchy. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://uca.edu/politicalscience/dadm-project/middle-eastnorth-africapersian-gulf-region/jordan-1946-present/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://encyclopediageopolitica.com/2020/09/23/chinas-ambitions-in-the-kingdom-of-jordan/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          “Jordanian Minister of Health Firas Hawari expressed his appreciation to the Chinese government for the generous donation and support provided to Jordan in various fields, especially in fighting the pandemic, adding that this donation will contribute to Jordan's national campaign of vaccination against the coronavirus.” Link "Amman Chamber of Commerce (ACC) President Issa Murad on Wednesday called on Chinese firms to take advantage of investment opportunities available in Jordan and to take part in mega-projects the Kingdom plans to carry out, a chamber statement said. At a meeting with Chinese Ambassador to Jordan Gao Yusheng, Murad described China as one of Jordan’s major trade partners, indicating that nearly 30 per cent of goods imported to the Kingdom are from China. Trade volumes between the two countries reached $3.6 billion in 2013, he noted. The ACC president called for constant coordination between the chamber and the embassy, particularly with regards to problems facing Jordanian businesspeople who import from China, according to the statement." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. http://www.news.cn/english/2021-11/05/c_1310291021.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. http://www.jordantimes.com/news/business/murad-urges-more-chinese-investments-activities-jordanian-projects
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2021-05/06/c_139928447.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Jordan-China Friendship Committee of the Senate, Jordan-China Cultural Cooperation Committee Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://tagconfucius.com/article/view/Directors-of-TAG-Confucius-Institute-Attend-National-Day-Reception-Held-by-Chinese-Embassy-in-Jordan

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2021 - "Members of the Lower House's Foreign Affairs Committee and Chinese Ambassador Chen Chuandong on Tuesday discussed political and economic relations between the two countries and regional issues. Head of the committee MP Mirza Bolad said that Jordan and China maintained friendly relations, and called for closer cooperation and the exchange of expertise between the Jordanian parliament and China's National People's Congress, the Jordan News Agency, Petra, reported." Link 2021 - "Senate Second Vice President Rajai Muasher Monday discussed with the vice-chairperson of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Chen Xiaoguang, ways and means of cementing relations between the two countries, particularly in parliamentary fields." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/members-house-foreign-affairs-committee-meet-china-ambassador
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. https://petra.gov.jo/Include/InnerPage.jsp?ID=39453&lang=ar&name=en_news

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    There is no direct evidence of Jordan denying Taiwan's right to participate in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      However, there is one interesting article about Jordan asking Taiwan to change the name of its representative office in Amman due to pressure from China. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3417113

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No such evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          “Jordan and China also agreed to mutually support their vital interests, with the Kingdom stressing its commitment to the “one China principle”, renewing its position on Taiwan as an integral part of the Chinese mainland and supporting “the Chinese government’s efforts to achieve peaceful development across the Taiwan Strait and its efforts to reunite the country”. Link "The Chinese side appreciates Jordan's firm support for issues concerning China's core interests, such as Taiwan-related issues and the South China Sea issue." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/jordan-china-sign-strategic-partnership-agreement
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://www.mfa.gov.cn/ce/ceom//eng/zgyw/t1367551.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://en.royanews.tv/news/19582/MP-calls-on-government-to-summon-Chinese-ambassador-in-support-of-Uighur-Muslims
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200102-jordan-holds-solidarity-rally-with-chinas-uyghurs/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            "Jordanian MP Khaled Al-Hyari called on the government to summon the Chinese ambassador to confirm that Jordanians are against the aggression against Uighur Muslims in China." Link "Jordan holds solidarity rally with China's Uyghurs" Link Even though population and MP have shown support to the Uighur population of China, official Jordan has remained silent.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://en.royanews.tv/news/19582/MP-calls-on-government-to-summon-Chinese-ambassador-in-support-of-Uighur-Muslims
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200102-jordan-holds-solidarity-rally-with-chinas-uyghurs/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            There have been no public statements made, except that Jordan supports "One China Policy".

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No public statements are made by the Jordanian authorities on national security law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
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