Egypt

$3,876.4
104.2M
Ranking
17/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

167/ 384
Executive partner
Civic IDEA
Index Year
2022
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

51%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

0%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

48%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Egypt had a GDP per capita of US$3,876 and a total population of 104.25 million people, with the Chinese population comprising 10,000 people or 0.009% of the total population.

Egypt established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1956. Egypt was ranked 168th in Reporters Without Borders' 2022 World Press Freedom Index, and Not Free in Freedom House's 2021 Global Freedom Status, with a score of 18/100.

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    27.5% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    38.6% / 34%
  • Economy
    45.5% / 33.6%
  • Society
    20.0% / 23.6%
  • Military
    54.5% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    36.4% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    75.0% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    36.4% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    55.0% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

No

Answer ( 0 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

According to their website, Egyptian media organizations do not belong to the World Chinese Media Network. Link

      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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      2.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

      Yes

      Answer ( 1 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      1 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      39 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      23 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      4 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      14 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      1 countries chose this answer

      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      Egypt's "Pyramid", Link

      1. http://cn.brnn.com/414904/414908/index.html

        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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        3.
        Exposure

        In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

        Skip

        More

        Skipped

        11 countries chose this answer

        0/ No

        15 countries chose this answer

        1/ Few, but insignificant

        15 countries chose this answer

        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

        5 countries chose this answer

        3/ Few, but significant

        23 countries chose this answer

        4/ More than a few, and significant

        13 countries chose this answer

        71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

        Supporting Evidence

        Not Found

          Supplementary Notes

          “Egyptian news media delegations and non-governmental diplomatic delegations visited China, which further strengthened media cooperation and people-to-people exchanges between the two countries.” However, there is no indication about whether these visits were paid by the Chinese side. Link

          1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2813_663616/

          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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          4.
          Exposure

          In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

          Yes

          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

          More

          Skipped

          3 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          37 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          16 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          2 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          14 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          10 countries chose this answer

          79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          “Dr. Ahmed Salam, the former media advisor to Egypt in China, speaks about the success of the Chinese President’s visit to Cairo, the activation of media agreements in more than one media institution in Egypt and China, and the increase in media training courses.” Link

          1. https://arabic.cgtn.com/n/BfJAA-DAA-HcA/FAHBcA/index.html

            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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            5.
            Exposure

            In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

            Yes

            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

            More

            Skipped

            1 countries chose this answer

            0/ No

            24 countries chose this answer

            1/ Few, but insignificant

            22 countries chose this answer

            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

            7 countries chose this answer

            3/ Few, but significant

            18 countries chose this answer

            4/ More than a few, and significant

            10 countries chose this answer

            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

            Supporting Evidence

            Xinhua Middle East Regional Bureau is providing the cheapest subscriptions. “New office building of Xinhua News Agency's Middle East Regional Bureau opened on Nov.26, in Cairo” – 2005 Link “Establishing representative offices for media institutions in the two countries(Egypt-China): including the Xinhua News Agency, the People’s Daily, China Radio International, and China Central Television, while there is a resident representation of the Middle East News Agency in China, and “China Today” magazine opened its Middle East regional office in Cairo in 2004.” Link

            1. https://web.archive.org/web/20081120215855/http://eg.china-embassy.org/eng/zaigx/t223569.htm
            2. https://www.sis.gov.eg/Story/92487/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%B9%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%8A?lang=ar

              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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              6.
              Exposure

              In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

              No

              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

              More

              Skipped

              2 countries chose this answer

              0/ No

              44 countries chose this answer

              1/ Few, but insignificant

              19 countries chose this answer

              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

              3 countries chose this answer

              3/ Few, but significant

              14 countries chose this answer

              4/ More than a few, and significant

              0 countries chose this answer

              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

              Supporting Evidence

              No Evidence Found.

                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                  7.
                  Exposure

                  In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

                  Yes

                  Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                  More

                  Skipped

                  3 countries chose this answer

                  0/ No

                  22 countries chose this answer

                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                  21 countries chose this answer

                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                  6 countries chose this answer

                  3/ Few, but significant

                  23 countries chose this answer

                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                  7 countries chose this answer

                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                  Supporting Evidence

                  Egypt today delivering the content of Xinhua News Agency Link

                  1. https://www.egypttoday.com/Tag/8531/Xinhua

                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                    8.
                    Exposure

                    In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

                    No

                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                    More

                    Skipped

                    1 countries chose this answer

                    0/ No

                    38 countries chose this answer

                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                    13 countries chose this answer

                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                    7 countries chose this answer

                    3/ Few, but significant

                    15 countries chose this answer

                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                    8 countries chose this answer

                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                    Supporting Evidence

                    No Evidence Found.

                      Supplementary Notes

                      No Evidence Found.

                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                        9.
                        Pressure

                        In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                        No

                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                        More

                        Skipped

                        1 countries chose this answer

                        0/ No

                        57 countries chose this answer

                        4/ Yes

                        24 countries chose this answer

                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                        Supporting Evidence

                        No Evidence Found.

                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                            10.
                            Effect

                            In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                            No

                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                            More

                            Skipped

                            4 countries chose this answer

                            0/ No

                            51 countries chose this answer

                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                            11 countries chose this answer

                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                            3 countries chose this answer

                            3/ Few, but significant

                            9 countries chose this answer

                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                            4 countries chose this answer

                            78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                            Supporting Evidence

                            No Evidence Found.

                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                11.
                                Effect

                                In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                                No

                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                More

                                Skipped

                                2 countries chose this answer

                                0/ No

                                44 countries chose this answer

                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                18 countries chose this answer

                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                4 countries chose this answer

                                3/ Few, but significant

                                9 countries chose this answer

                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                5 countries chose this answer

                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                Supporting Evidence

                                No Evidence Found.

                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                    Academia

                                    The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                                    1.
                                    Exposure

                                    In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                                    Yes

                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                    More

                                    0/ No

                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                    25 countries chose this answer

                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                    Supporting Evidence

                                    The two sides also reviewed what has been achieved of the cooperation agreement between Ain Shams University and Huawei to establish the Huawei ICT Academy in Egypt... Egyptian Higher Education Minister Khaled Abdel-Ghaffar met with CEO of Huawei Egypt Sun Luocheng in Cairo on Tuesday night where they discussed the implementation of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed by both sides to boost ICT talents in Egyptian universities. The MoU aims to establish a long-term partnership between the Egyptian ministry and Huawei to develop university infrastructure and train young ICT talents. Link

                                    1. http://www.china.org.cn/business/2020-02/27/content_75749310.htm

                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                      2.
                                      Exposure

                                      In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                                      Yes

                                      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                      More

                                      0/ No

                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                      31 countries chose this answer

                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                      27 countries chose this answer

                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                      Supporting Evidence

                                      “There are two Confucius Institutes in Egypt, one at the Suez Canal University and the other at Cairo University, with branches in other provinces.” Link

                                      1. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201809/26/WS5baacd81a310c4cc775e8125_1.html

                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                        3.
                                        Exposure

                                        My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                                        Yes

                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        Skipped

                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                        0/ No

                                        46 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ Yes

                                        35 countries chose this answer

                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                        Egyptian schools to add Chinese language “China is growing its ties to Egypt with a deal with the government for Egyptian schools to offer the Chinese language… In an interview with Al-Monitor, Deputy Minister of Education Mohamed Mujahid said that under the agreement, Chinese specialists and volunteers with the Confucius Institute, a center for exchange and cooperation affiliated with the Chinese Ministry of Education, will be sent to train Egyptian teachers who speak the language on teaching it to middle, high school and technical school students.” Link

                                        1. https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2020/09/egypt-china-agreement-teach-language-relations-region-role.html

                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                          4.
                                          Exposure

                                          In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                                          Yes

                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                          More

                                          Skipped

                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                          0/ No

                                          40 countries chose this answer

                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                          17 countries chose this answer

                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                          14 countries chose this answer

                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                          Supporting Evidence

                                          Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs is the member of Belt and Road Studies Network Link Benha University and The American University in Cairo are the members of University Alliance of the Silk Road Link

                                          1. http://www.brsn.net/list/zhikujigou_en/index_4.html
                                          2. http://uasr.xjtu.edu.cn/Members/Members.htm

                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                            5.
                                            Exposure

                                            In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                            Yes

                                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                            19 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                            72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            E.g. As written on their official website, Tahir Center for Studies and Research (Link) concludes cooperation protocols with relevant Chinese, international institutions, bodies, research centers and universities. Link They are organizing different projects related to China.

                                            1. https://www.facebook.com/eltahreerCSR/
                                            2. https://tahreersr.com/about/

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                                              6.
                                              Exposure

                                              In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                              No

                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                              More

                                              Skipped

                                              3 countries chose this answer

                                              0/ No

                                              47 countries chose this answer

                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                              10 countries chose this answer

                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                              79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                "In March last year, China's Tianjin Light Industry Vocational Technical College, Tianjin Transportation Vocational College, and Egypt's Ain Shams University signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for the Egypt Luban Workshop in Cairo. Luban workshop is the first project of international cooperation on vocational training supported by China's Tianjin Municipality, which aims at improving academic education of top technical talents and serving the local economy and society via vocational training." Link “the China-Africa Partnership for Science and Technology Program to enhance bilateral cooperation, including the two sides’ participation in building scientific laboratories, model bases for appropriate and advanced technology, technology transfer frameworks, and activating academic and technical exchange and other forms of creative and diverse cooperation, In addition to working to strengthen communication between scientists from the two countries, especially young scientists.” Link

                                                1. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/africa/2020-09/08/c_139350124.htm
                                                2. http://arabic.people.com.cn/n3/2016/0122/c31660-9008088.html

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                                                7.
                                                Exposure

                                                In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                Yes

                                                Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                More

                                                Skipped

                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                0/ No

                                                17 countries chose this answer

                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                “China has provided financial support for two teachers (Egyptian teachers) to attend a seminar on Chinese language teaching in China.” Link

                                                1. https://www.mfa.gov.cn/ce/ceegy//eng/zaigx/jyjl/t76340.htm

                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                  8.
                                                  Pressure

                                                  In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                                  No

                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                  More

                                                  Skipped

                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                  0/ No

                                                  64 countries chose this answer

                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                      9.
                                                      Pressure

                                                      In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                                      No

                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                      More

                                                      Skipped

                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                      0/ No

                                                      64 countries chose this answer

                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                      0 countries chose this answer

                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                      75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                          10.
                                                          Effect

                                                          In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                                          No

                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                          More

                                                          Skipped

                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                          0/ No

                                                          64 countries chose this answer

                                                          4/ Yes

                                                          16 countries chose this answer

                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                              11.
                                                              Effect

                                                              In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                                              No

                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                              More

                                                              Skipped

                                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                                              0/ No

                                                              65 countries chose this answer

                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                              6 countries chose this answer

                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                                              77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                  Economy

                                                                  The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                                  1.
                                                                  Exposure

                                                                  The PRC is my country's number one trading partner (for trade in goods only).

                                                                  No

                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                  More

                                                                  0/ No

                                                                  51 countries chose this answer

                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                  “The EU is Egypt's biggest trading partner, covering 24.5% of Egypt's trade volume in 2020. 25.8% of Egypt’s imports came from the EU and 21.8% of Egypt’s exports went to the EU.” Link

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                                                                      2.
                                                                      Exposure

                                                                      PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                                      No

                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      Skipped

                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      77 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      Less than 10% (of Egypt’s GDP) of the sovereign debt Link

                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                          3.
                                                                          Exposure

                                                                          The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                                          No

                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                          More

                                                                          0/ No

                                                                          62 countries chose this answer

                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                          20 countries chose this answer

                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                              4.
                                                                              Exposure

                                                                              In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                                              Yes

                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                              More

                                                                              0/ No

                                                                              36 countries chose this answer

                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                              46 countries chose this answer

                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                              “A new contract has recently been initiated and signed between the Egyptian government and China Gezhouba Group company. As part of this collaboration, the Chinese company will build several wind power plants in Egypt, with a total capacity of 500 MW. The deal was made public on January 3, 2020 by the holding company, China energy engeneering coorporation. It will run for a period of three years for an amount of 261.3 million euros. The contract covers the design, construction, equipment procurement, installation, commissioning and maintenance of all the solar power plants that will be built as part of the deal.” Link "In March of 2019, Chinese PV manufacturer and system integrator TBEA Sunoasis completed construction of three solar power stations at the Benban Solar Energy Park in the southern governorate of Aswan.[21] The same year, Yingli Solar forged an alliance with Misr Asset Management (MAM) aimed at establishing a solar plant to sell electricity to the Building Materials Industries Company (BMIC).[22] In January of 2020, China Gezhouba Group (CGGC), a subsidiary of the state-owned energy conglomerate China Energy Engineering Corporation (CEEC), secured a contract to build distributed solar power generation facilities across the country with a combined capacity of 500MW.[23] Looking to extend cooperation in this field, the two countries have established a a joint renewable energy research facility." Link “Early last month, the Egyptian government signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Hutchison Ports – a subsidiary of CK Hutchison, the Hong Kong‑listed port operator / developer – with regard to the construction of a container terminal at the port of Abu Qir on the country's Mediterranean coast.” Link

                                                                              1. https://www.afrik21.africa/en/egypt-china-gezhouba-group-to-build-500-mw-of-solar-power-plants/
                                                                              2. https://www.mei.edu/publications/towering-ambitions-egypt-and-china-building-future
                                                                              3. https://research.hktdc.com/en/article/MzIwNjQxMDU4

                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                5.
                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                                                Yes

                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                Egypt joined in August 2016 Link

                                                                                1. https://www.aiib.org/en/about-aiib/governance/members-of-bank/index.html

                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                  6.
                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                  In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                  More

                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                  41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                  41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                  Federation of Egyptian Chambers of Commerce (FEDCOC) is a member of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce Link

                                                                                  1. http://www.srcic.com/silk-road-members/?page=1

                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                    7.
                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                    My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                                                    No

                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                    More

                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                    64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                    18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                        8.
                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                        In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                                                        No

                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                        More

                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                        65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                        15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                            9.
                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                            My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                            More

                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                            51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                            31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                            “By March 1995, the two countries signed an economic and trade agreement to replace the 1985 trade agreement which smoothed and improved the development of bilateral trade between the two countries.” Link

                                                                                            1. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/230602724_Journal_of_Economic_Studies_Exploring_Egypt-China_bilateral_trade_dynamics_and_prospects

                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                              10.
                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                              In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                              More

                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                              47 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                              35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                              “While Egyptians sank into ever-greater poverty over the past five years, Sisi has poured resources into vanity megaprojects such as building a new administrative capital in the desert 30 miles east of Cairo at an estimated cost of $58 billion. Not only did Egypt not need a new capital, but the site makes it inaccessible to most citizens as well as extremely problematic from a water consumption point of view. The city is being built by a military company with significant Chinese investment. As of spring 2019, the Egyptian general in charge of the project said that some $9 billion had already been spent on the city’s infrastructure.” Link Link "The Chinese business presence in Egypt is concentrated in industrial zones, free trade zones, and financial centers. Since the late 2000s, Chinese firms have shown interest in Egypt serving as a regional manufacturing hub." Link “The two deals will bring more to the SCZone, where the Chinese industrial zone TEDA in Ain Sokhna has already yielded fruitful results and is "a model to learn from," said Gaballah...He stressed that the success of the projects will encourage other economies to invest in the SCZone, which will push the development of the area swiftly, noting that the progress of the Chinese industrial zone in Ain Sokhna has encouraged more cooperation between Egypt and China.” Link Link "China's economic incursion into the Suez Canal industrial zone may seem to be a commonplace foreign investment, but the issue has a worrisome strategic dimension, Egyptian waterways specialist Rifaat al-Arab told Al-Mashareq." Link Link

                                                                                              1. https://carnegieendowment.org/2020/09/09/egypt-trends-in-politics-economics-and-human-rights-pub-82677 https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/3/15/the-competition-for-egypt-china-the-west-and-mega-projects
                                                                                              2. https://www.mei.edu/publications/towering-ambitions-egypt-and-china-building-future
                                                                                              3. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/africa/2021-08/04/c_1310105703.htm
                                                                                              4. http://www.news.cn/english/2021-09/29/c_1310217649.htm
                                                                                              5. https://almashareq.com/en_GB/articles/cnmi_am/features/2021/12/10/feature-01
                                                                                              6. https://beltandroad.hktdc.com/en/sme-corner/industrial-park

                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                                                No

                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                More

                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                76 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                    Society

                                                                                                    The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                                                    1.
                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                    In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                    Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                    49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                    2021 “On October 14th, the Egyptian China Peaceful Reunification Promotion Association and the overseas Chinese community in Egypt held a symposium in Cairo to commemorate the 110th anniversary of the 1911 Revolution and learn the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's speech. Chang Ding Yong presided over the symposium.” Link 2020 “Egypt-China Peaceful Reunification Promotion Association Strongly Condemns U.S. Appointment of So-called "Special Coordinator for Tibet Affairs" Link 2020 "Egypt-China Peaceful Reunification Promotion Association warns Tsai Ing-wen: Going against the trend of history will surely be cast aside by Chinese all over the world" Link 2019 "Egypt China Peaceful Reunification Promotion Association & Egyptian Chinese Friendship Council held a symposium to study the spirit of the National Two Sessions Conference." Link

                                                                                                    1. http://www.zhongguotongcuhui.org.cn/hnwtchdt/202110/t20211018_12385088.html
                                                                                                    2. http://www.zhongguotongcuhui.org.cn/hnwtchdt/202010/t20201022_12302476.html
                                                                                                    3. http://www.zhongguotongcuhui.org.cn/hnwtchdt/202005/t20200520_12276081.html
                                                                                                    4. http://www.zhongguotongcuhui.org.cn/hnwtchdt/201903/t20190325_12151108.html

                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                      19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                          3.
                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                          In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                                                          Skip

                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                          68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                                            Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                            No Direct Evidence Found, but 2018 - The foreign trade union organizations, including Egyptian Trade Union and Lebanese Federation of Trade Unions, have sent congratulatory letters on the convening of the 17th National Congress of the Chinese Trade Union. Link

                                                                                                            1. https://www.acftu.org/xwdt/ghyw/202008/t20200831_242383.html?sdiOEtCa=qqrupsLFdSRuLxL.bnuotnylmmX9R2mkIgiYuI_5Nm85gb88Mf65ASTC5JPrbxSjqmjNmg6kiZmKoBsfpedxJR_fRA_pkAZP4BFCIz9rQAhvDkLHtpNH1yUw_w7WLGn92037CJ4lGGMcE0m3dq4eQv3Hjjj9xPJH5WibxrroaLQhf0rO

                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                            In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                            50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                The Afro-Asian Media Union in Cairo, Egypt is the member of All-China Journalists Association Link Link “2015, September 18, the Egyptian-Chinese Friendship Association (Link) and the Egyptian Friendship Organisation organized Cairo’s China Day in cooperation with the Chinese Cultural Center in Cairo and the Cairo Governorate, which was hosted in Cairo’s famous Azhar Park.” Link "The Chinese Culture Center in Cairo is the first large-scale culture center set up at overseas by the Chinese Government in the 21 century. On October 29, 2002." Link

                                                                                                                1. http://www.chinaja.org.cn/2015-04/07/c_137851976_8.htm
                                                                                                                2. http://www.chinaja.org.cn/2019-04/05/c_138149361.htm
                                                                                                                3. https://www.arabwestreport.info/en/year-2015/1-cairo%E2%80%99s-china-day-%E2%80%93-gaining-insight-egypt%E2%80%99s-chinese-community
                                                                                                                4. https://www.mfa.gov.cn/ce/ceegy/eng/zaigx/whjl/t76287.htm

                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                  6.
                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                  46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                  35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                      7.
                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                      In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                      Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                      38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                      21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                      11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                      According to the state council information office of the PRC, "The launch of the Arabic version of "Parents Love" in Egypt coincides with the state visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to Egypt. With the warming of China-Egypt friendly relations, the Egyptian people are eager to learn about China. Egypt's national TV station seized the opportunity and launched the Chinese TV series "Parents Love" at the right time, which attracted unprecedented attention from the Egyptian people as soon as it was broadcast. At the same time, the China Radio International Film and Television Dubbing Center carried out extensive publicity: the premiere ceremony was held in Cairo, and news was released through local mainstream media...In 2015, at the China-Arab States Radio and Television Cooperation Forum, China Radio International and the Egyptian National Radio and Television Union signed an agreement to jointly launch a fixed program "China Theater" on the Egyptian National Television." Link Link

                                                                                                                      1. http://www.scio.gov.cn/32621/32629/32754/Document/1476204/1476204.htm
                                                                                                                      2. http://world.people.com.cn/n1/2020/1026/c1002-31905156.html

                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                        Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                        60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                        15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                        Egypt Nile TV Confucius Classroom Link

                                                                                                                        1. http://www.tochinajob.com:8080/publish/portal21/tab5198/info135799.htm

                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                          In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                          67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                          0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                              10.
                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                              In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                              54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                              5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                  11.
                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                  In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                  50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                      Military

                                                                                                                                      The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                                                      1.
                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                      My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                      "The more hyperbolic statements of China’s growing market share all have an important but largely unreported caveat: They pertain only to Sub-Saharan Africa, rather than the whole continent. With a few exceptions, the major arms markets on the continent are in North Africa: Egypt, Algeria, and Morocco accounted for 57 percent of transfers in the past two decades." Link "We cooperate with the Egyptian army in providing light and heavy weapons as well as ammunition and modernizing old military equipment for the Egyptian armed forces," Wang told Xinhua at the exhibition." Link "China 'bids to sell two submarines to Egypt' as it tries to expand its markets for weaponry" Link

                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.piie.com/blogs/realtime-economic-issues-watch/arms-and-influence-chinese-arms-transfers-africa-context
                                                                                                                                      2. http://english.chinamil.com.cn/view/2018-12/06/content_9369081.htm
                                                                                                                                      3. https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/1858647/china-bids-sell-two-submarines-egypt-it-tries-expand

                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                        2.
                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                        My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                        But it used to export in 2018 small number of arms and ammunition, parts and accessories worth of $318 in total. Link

                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                            3.
                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                            My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            “While Egyptians sank into ever-greater poverty over the past five years, Sisi has poured resources into vanity megaprojects such as building a new administrative capital in the desert 30 miles east of Cairo at an estimated cost of $58 billion. Not only did Egypt not need a new capital, but the site makes it inaccessible to most citizens as well as extremely problematic from a water consumption point of view. The city is being built by a military company with significant Chinese investment. As of spring 2019, the Egyptian general in charge of the project said that some $9 billion had already been spent on the city’s infrastructure.” Link Link "In addition to expanding the Saudi fleet, the new facility can operate as a hub for manufacturing and servicing for other CH-4 operators in the Middle East, including Egypt, Iraq and Jordan." Link Link

                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.defensenews.com/air/2017/03/28/china-to-open-a-drone-factory-in-saudi-arabia/
                                                                                                                                            2. https://thediplomat.com/2021/06/the-middle-east-an-emerging-market-for-chinese-arms-exports/
                                                                                                                                            3. https://carnegieendowment.org/2020/09/09/egypt-trends-in-politics-economics-and-human-rights-pub-82677 https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/3/15/the-competition-for-egypt-china-the-west-and-mega-projects

                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                              4.
                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                              In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                              67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                              13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                  5.
                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                  In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                  61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                  19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                  “The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has delivered a batch of COVID-19 vaccines to the Egyptian side on September 1, 2021.” Link

                                                                                                                                                  1. http://eng.mod.gov.cn/news/2021-09/02/content_4893833.htm

                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                    In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                    77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                        In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                        48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                        34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                            8.
                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                            In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                            “China has trained more than 1,800 peacekeepers from other countries, provided demining equipment to Cambodia, Laos, Egypt and the ASEAN and trained more than 200 demining personnel” Link

                                                                                                                                                            1. https://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/china-peacekeeping-ministerial.pdf

                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                              9.
                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                              In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                              4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                              67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                              78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                  68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                  “On October 21, 2019, Lieutenant-General Mohamed Zaki, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and Minister of Defense and Military Production, visited China at the head of a high-level military delegation to participate in the Xiangshan International Forum, in the presence of a number of defense ministers from different countries. Zaki delivered a speech in which he stressed the need to deepen joint international cooperation to combat terrorism… The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces also met with a number of representatives of Chinese defense industry companies. He also visited the naval base in Shanghai and inspected a number of units of the Chinese Navy, praising the Chinese navy's high combat capabilities. General Mohamed Zaki also met later with the Chinese Minister of Public Security, where the meeting dealt with discussing security cooperation files in areas of common interest. In August 2014, a high-level delegation headed by the Assistant Minister of Defense for Armament Affairs Major General Fouad Abdel Halim visited Beijing with the aim of reviewing the latest Chinese weapons and in order to agree on obtaining types of them in several fields, especially in air defense systems and missile systems, in addition to promoting cooperation in the fields of joint manufacturing and training. His Excellency met with Chinese Defense Minister Chang Wanquan. The meeting focused on strengthening defense cooperation between the two countries. Hailing the strong momentum of bilateral military relations, the Chinese defense minister said that China is willing to make joint efforts with Egypt to strengthen pragmatic cooperation between their armed forces and promote military relations to a new level. - In March 2010, the Egyptian Minister of Defense, Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, met in Cairo with the visiting Deputy Chief of General Staff of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Mah Xiaotian, where they pledged to strengthen bilateral military relations. During the meeting, Tantawi said that the two countries had witnessed close cooperation in the military, political and economic fields in recent years, which served the interests of the two countries as well as peace and stability in the region and the world. He also stressed, "The Egyptian army attaches great importance to friendly relations with its Chinese counterpart and expects more efforts to be made to improve the actual cooperation to a greater degree." Link

                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.sis.gov.eg/Story/92486/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B3%D9%83%D8%B1%D9%8A?lang=ar

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                    My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    2021 "Ground, air and naval teams of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) that are scheduled to participate in the annual International Army Games starting on August 22. Venues in Korla, Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region that will host several contests are eagerly preparing for the event, with Chinese observers saying on Monday that the Chinese teams will exchange valuable experience with their foreign counterparts, and that they will achieve good results with the deployment of advanced new equipment. Military participants from six foreign countries including Russia, Belarus and Egypt have arrived in Korla. The PLA Army will host and participate in three contests, involving infantry fighting vehicles, man-portable anti-aircraft missiles, and nuclear, biological and chemical reconnaissance, the Xinhua News Agency reported on Sunday." Link 2019 - “Egypt, China Hold Naval Drills in Mediterranean Sea” Link

                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.globaltimes.cn/page/202108/1231623.shtml
                                                                                                                                                                    2. https://see.news/egypt-china-hold-naval-drills/

                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                      Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                                                                      The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                      1.
                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                      My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                      32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                      50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                      No direct evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.meiyapico.com/the-assistant-minister-of-interior-and-the-director-of-information-and-communication-bureau-of-egypt-mr-ahmed-mostafa-visited-meiya-pico_n11

                                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                      The Consumer Protection Agency's cooperation with the PRC on enhancing cooperation in preventing commercial fraud and enhancing consumer rights protection. Link “In March 2019, the Director of Egypt's Information and Communication Bureau outlined possible future training cooperation between Egyptian law enforcement and Meiya Pico.” Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.cpa.gov.eg/ar-eg/%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%B2/ArtMID/655/ArticleID/4878/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%B9-%D8%AC%D9%85%D9%87%D9%80%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%80%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B9%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%80%D8%A9
                                                                                                                                                                      2. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/
                                                                                                                                                                      3. https://www.meiyapico.com/the-assistant-minister-of-interior-and-the-director-of-information-and-communication-bureau-of-egypt-mr-ahmed-mostafa-visited-meiya-pico_n11

                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                      55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                      26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                      “Egypt and China have established a bilateral comprehensive strategic partnership, signing agreements in a range of fields including defence, technology, economy, counter-terrorism and fighting cyber crimes.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/business/china-egypt-sign-strategic-partnership-agreement/articleshow/45629765.cms

                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                        3.
                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                        52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                            49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                        My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                        "Hikvision supplies CCTV systems for the Suez Governorate in Egypt through Caesar Security Services, which is a Hikvision Silver Value Added Solutions Partner. In the first phase of the project, Hikvision surveillance products were installed on 15 buses. As of June 2018, the second phase planned to install the same Hikvision mobile CCTV system on 50 more buses and a Hikvision LCD video wall at the Suez Governorate central control room. The surveillance system allows for local recording and remote viewing." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-2401

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                        "Egypt, China partners on $45m grant for EgyptSat-2" Link “On 13/ 8/2018 Egypt and China signed an agreement to implement the project to establish a satellite (EgyptSat2) for remote sensing applications, at a value of 45 million dollars. The agreement was signed by the Egyptian side. Sahar Nasr, Minister of Investment and International Cooperation, and on the Chinese side, Song Aiguo, Chinese Ambassador to Cairo, in the presence of Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, and representatives of the National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences to complete the $23 million grant for a satellite assembly project in cooperation with the Chinese Space Agency” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://africanews.space/egypt-china-partners-on-45m-grant-for-egyptsat-2/
                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://www.sis.gov.eg/Story/93137/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%85%D9%8A?lang=ar

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                            My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                            68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                            "Since July 3, 2017, authorities have arrested at least 62 Uyghurs who were living in Egypt without informing them of the grounds for their detention, and have denied them access to lawyers and their families. China has in recent months demanded the return of Uyghur students living abroad as it cracks down on the Muslim minority, accusing the community of “separatism” and “religious extremism.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/07/08/egypt-dont-deport-uyghurs-china

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                              10.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                              My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                  11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                  My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Technology

                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                  52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                  30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                  "Beyond the 5G AFCON announcement, China has financed Egypt’s telecoms sector and, according to a researcher with Egypt’s Foreign Trade and Industry Ministry, the 82 Chinese telecoms firms operating in Egypt as of 2019 represent $14 million USD in FDI." Link “Telecom Egypt signs new deal with Huawei, ZTE and China Telecom” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://archive.is/DsXJZ#selection-933.6-933.69
                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.power3point0.org/2020/02/20/egypt-and-chinas-telecoms-a-concerning-courtship/

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                    "Telecom Egypt has signed a long-term financing agreement with a number of Chinese financial institutions, including Bank of China and China Export & Credit Insurance Corporation. The deal will see the incumbent fixed-line provider receive $200 million in financing to support the deployment of its 4G network. Chinese vendor Huawei helped to bring about the deal by offering Telecom Egypt competitive financing conditions for deploying its core, transmission, and 4G networks." Link “Telecom Egypt signs new deal with Huawei, ZTE and China Telecom” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://developingtelecoms.com/business/operator-news/7841-telecom-egypt-secures-200m-of-chinese-financing.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. https://archive.is/DsXJZ#selection-933.6-933.69

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    “In 2005, ZTE signed a partnership with France Telecom (Orange) and became its global supplier of asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) equipment. ZTE played a key role in a 100,000-line CDMA telecom project in Egypt for the CDMA upgrade for Cairo and the Nile Delta.” Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-3907
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. https://www.ide.go.jp/English/Data/Africa_file/Manualreport/cia_09.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                    3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                    According to the website link Link, certain type of content is blocked by Huawei’s technology in Egypt, which means that Egypt has adopted internet/wifi/telecommunication services by HUAWEI.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.top10vpn.com/assets/2021/08/Huawei-Map_updated_full-size.png

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                      “According to local media, in February 2019, Egypt’s Minister of Telecommunications signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Huawei to establish cloud computing and AI centres in the country” Link In August 2002, ZTE completed the Egyptian Remote Education System using its ZTE EduStation. The project was implemented over five years and received two extensions. In 2004, the program had reportedly provided technology to more than 4,000 Egyptian teachers. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-4104
                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-892

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                        “To secure effective security and management for its fleet of public service buses, the Suez Governorate in Egypt is now operating innovative mobile CCTV systems, supplied by Hikvision, the world’s leading supplier of innovative video surveillance products and solutions.” Link The Chinese firm Hikvision is already providing CCTV cameras for buses in Egypt’s Suez governorate Link 2019 - "Egyptian Minister of Higher Education Khaled Abdel-Ghaffar on Friday met with Huawei Egypt CEO Vincent Sun... The meeting also discussed cooperation within communication and information technology fields and benefiting from Chinese expertise in Artificial Intelligence (AI)." Link “Hikvision supplies CCTV systems for the Suez Governorate in Egypt through Caesar Security Services, which is a Hikvision Silver Value Added Solutions Partner. In the first phase of the project, Hikvision surveillance products were installed on 15 buses. As of June 2018, the second phase planned to install the same Hikvision mobile CCTV system on 50 more buses and a Hikvision LCD video wall at the Suez Governorate central control room. The surveillance system allows for local recording and remote viewing.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.hikvision.com/en/newsroom/success-stories/traffic/hikvision-enhances-suez-governorate-s-bus-fleet-operation/
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://www.power3point0.org/2020/02/20/egypt-and-chinas-telecoms-a-concerning-courtship/
                                                                                                                                                                                                        3. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-in-talks-with-huawei-for-smart-university-transition/
                                                                                                                                                                                                        4. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-2401

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                          6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          "A January 2019 media report said Huawei signed an MoU with Talaat Mostafa Group (TMG) Holding, in which Huawei agreed to provide smart solutions in the security and privacy field. It said the agreement would 'aim to bring about the digital transformation of living in Egypt and the Middle East to Egypt and the Middle East.' The report added that 'the deal includes the application of techniques like artificial intelligence, learning machines, and the internet of things (IoT) to develop smart cities in line with the latest international standards." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-361

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2019 - “Egyptian Minister of Higher Education Khaled Abdel-Ghaffar on Friday met with Huawei Egypt CEO Vincent Sun, and his accompanying delegation in Cairo to discuss Egypt’s transition towards smart universities.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-in-talks-with-huawei-for-smart-university-transition/

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                          7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                              8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                              "China’s MSA Capital Explores Egypt Further, Backs 20-minute Delivery Startup, Rabbit, In $11m Pre-seed" Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. https://afrikanheroes.com/2021/11/10/chinas-msa-capital-explores-egypt-further-backs-20-minute-delivery-startup-rabbit-in-11m-pre-seed/
                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. https://thecapitalquest.com/2021/05/18/egyptian-ecommerce-logistics-startup-bosta-bags-series-a-funding/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                “Huawei has maintained an “OpenLab” for tech collaboration in Cairo since December 2017, and in June 2019 Egpyt’s Minister of Higher Education met with Huawei representatives to discuss the development of “smart” technology in the Egyptian university system. According to a February 2019 agreement, Huawei is projected to debut North Africa’s first cloud computing network in Egypt during the first quarter of 2020” Link "Egypt, Huawei sign MoU for cloud computing, AI networks" Link According to local media, in February 2019, Egypt’s Minister of Telecommunications signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Huawei to establish cloud computing and AI centres in the country Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://www.power3point0.org/2020/02/20/egypt-and-chinas-telecoms-a-concerning-courtship/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. https://egyptindependent.com/egypt-huawei-sign-mou-for-cloud-computing-ai-networks/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                3. https://chinatechmap.aspi.org.au/#/map/marker-4104

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Link TikTok seems to be in the top 5 social media apps in Egypt.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://code95.com/blog/most-popular-apps-in-egypt/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2019- “In order to show the performance and feature advantages of BDS, China and Arab co-organized the testing and experience activity of BDS and jointly issued the test evaluation result of BDS in Arab during the forum. This activity mainly bases on China-Arab BDS/GNSS Center and carries out static and dynamic states test and comment in Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Kuwait, Algeria, and other Arab states. The joint processing analysis result indicates that it could be used for Arab states to provide excellent navigation services under these circumstances including more than 8 average-visible satellites over Arab states, 10 meters or better positional accuracy, and more than 95% availability.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. http://en.beidou.gov.cn/WHATSNEWS/201905/t20190514_17980.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      "In 2014 Egypt and China signed a “comprehensive strategic partnership” agreement." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.power3point0.org/2020/02/20/egypt-and-chinas-telecoms-a-concerning-courtship/

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      August 5, 2019 - "Egypt signed a memorandum of understanding with the Chinese company Hutchison Ports to establish a Mediterranean container terminal in Abu Qir. President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi himself attended the signing ceremony, where he praised the company’s global reputation in the field and emphasized the importance of executing the project in accordance with the highest international standards… Since President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi took office as president in 2014, he has visited China six times and met with President Xi Jinping seven times. His first trip took place in December 2014, when he signed twenty-five bilateral agreements, mainly on energy and transport issues. He also pledged to cooperate on what has come to be known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China’s sweeping strategy to build a new Silk Road by investing in roads, rail, energy production, transit, and other infrastructure projects across some sixty countries." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/egypt-takes-another-step-toward-china

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Alexandria - Shanghai, Cairo - Beijing, Faiyum - Haikou, Ismailia - Suzhou, Luxor - Shenzhen and Yangzhou Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_twin_towns_and_sister_cities_in_Egypt

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        They travel to China within the frames of FOCAC which is supported by the Secretariat of the Chinese Follow-up Committee of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. The Office of the Secretariat of the Chinese FOCAC Follow-up Committee is set up in the Department of African Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the PRC. Link “Exchanges and cooperation in health, culture, education and journalism between the two countries continued to grow. The Ministry of Health, Ministry of Higher Education and Ministry of State for Antiquities of Egypt sent representatives to participate in activities such as the China-Africa Ministerial Conference on Health Cooperation and Development, the Second China-Arab States University Presidents' Forum and the China-Arab States National Museum Curators' Forum. China and Egypt signed a number of cooperation agreements on the development of agricultural information network, high-quality hybrid rice and the prevention and treatment of schistosomiasis. China Taoist Orchestra was invited to the sixth International Festival for Choir and Spiritual Music in Egypt. Egyptian news media delegations and non-governmental diplomatic delegations visited China, which further strengthened media cooperation and people-to-people exchanges between the two countries.” Link THE FIFTH MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE OF THE FORUM ON CHINA-AFRICA COOPERATION BEIJING ACTION PLAN (2013-2015) "To enhance cooperation with Africa on peace and security issues, the Chinese side will launch the "Initiative on China-Africa Cooperative Partnership for Peace and Security" and will provide, within the realm of its capabilities, financial and technical support to the African Union for its peace-support operations, the development of the African Peace and Security Architecture, personnel exchanges and training in the field of peace and security and Africa's conflict prevention, management and resolution and post-conflict reconstruction and development." Link Report by State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi At the Eighth Ministerial Conference of Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. http://www.focac.org/eng/ltjj_3/zfhxxdwyh/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xybfs_663590/gjlb_663594/2813_663616/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3. http://www.focac.org/eng/zywx_1/zywj/201207/t20120723_8079762.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4. http://losangeles.china-consulate.org/eng/topnews/202112/t20211203_10461918.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          "Since President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi took office as president in 2014, he has visited China six times and met with President Xi Jinping seven times. His first trip took place in December 2014, when he signed twenty-five bilateral agreements, mainly on energy and transport issues. He also pledged to cooperate on what has come to be known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China’s sweeping strategy to build a new Silk Road by investing in roads, rail, energy production, transit, and other infrastructure projects across some sixty countries." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/egypt-takes-another-step-toward-china

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            "Since President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi took office as president in 2014, he has visited China six times and met with President Xi Jinping seven times. His first trip took place in December 2014, when he signed twenty-five bilateral agreements, mainly on energy and transport issues. He also pledged to cooperate on what has come to be known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China’s sweeping strategy to build a new Silk Road by investing in roads, rail, energy production, transit, and other infrastructure projects across some sixty countries." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/egypt-takes-another-step-toward-china

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No direct evidence found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dr. Ashraf El-Shihy - President of the Egyptian-Chinese University and former Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://www.ecu.edu.eg/?p=5729

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                “The Egyptian Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, Dr. Mohamed Shaker, discussed with Michael Lee, the regional head of the corporate sector for the Chinese company Huawei, ways to gradually shift to the smart grid system... Michael Lee praised the rapid and remarkable development in the projects implemented by the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy and the building of a strong infrastructure and smart network that supports the digital transformation adopted by the Egyptian government.” Link “Chinese PSCs (Private Security Companies), however, are already extending feelers in the continent to establish profitable business partnerships, especially in Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Tanzania.” Link As the link provided is from 2020, the process might still be ongoing.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://bawabaa.org/news/sustain/514158/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. https://africa.isp.msu.edu/files/6816/3616/1649/PB_42_Arduino_Chinese_Private_Security_Companies.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2021 "During his visit to Egypt, Wang also held talks with Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, signed an agreement on the establishment of an intergovernmental cooperation committee between China and Egypt." Link “The National People’s Congress of China has established mechanisms for regular exchanges with parliaments in Egypt, South Africa and Kenya, and bilateral friendship groups with parliaments in 35 African countries.” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.globaltimes.cn/page/202107/1229002.shtml
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/2649_665393/202111/t20211126_10453904.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    “On January 21, 2016 local time, President Xi Jinping met in Cairo with Parliament Speaker Ali Abdelaal of Egypt.” Link "The result of the FJP’s first exchange with China yielded tangible benefits for all parties. China’s hosting of Morsi during this critical juncture in Egyptian politics, however, reveals a more subtle geopolitical element that is worthy of note." Link “On December 21st, 2020, the communication mechanisms for the joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) between Chinese and Egyptian political parties were established by the Communist Party of China (CPC) and 12 major political parties and organizations of Egypt. The first conference was held via videolink. Zhu Rui, Assistant Minister of the International Department of the CPC Central Committee, and leaders of Egyptian political parties, including the Nation’s Future Party, Republican People’s Party, New Wafd Party, Egyptian Communist Party and others, attended the conference and delivered speeches.” Link “Beijing, May 31st—Zhu Rui, Assistant-minister of the International Department of the CPC Central Committee, attended and addressed here today the virtual seminar on promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind between Chinese and Egyptian political parties and the second forum on state governance and development. The event was organized by the Chinese Embassy in Egypt. Liao Liqiang, Chinese Ambassador to Egypt, made a keynote speech at the event. Essam Abdel-Aziz Sharaf, former Prime Minister of Egypt, Al-Sayed al-Sherif, former First Deputy Speaker of Egypt's Parliament, leaders of 10 political parties, the head of the Coordination's Committee of Party's Youth Leaders and Politicians, and representatives of think tanks from China and Egypt attended the meeting and delivered speeches.” Link “Zhu Rui Meets with Cadre Study Group of Free Egyptians Party of Egypt” Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.mfa.gov.cn/ce/cggb//eng/xwdt/t1334594.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. https://www.mei.edu/publications/egypt-turns-quietly-asia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. https://www.idcpc.org.cn/english/news/202012/t20201223_141127.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4. https://www.idcpc.org.cn/english/news/202106/t20210603_146086.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5. https://www.idcpc.org.cn/english/news/201912/t20191201_102052.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Current political regime leaders in Egypt do not have problems or are not pressured by China.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Current political regime leaders in Egypt do not have problems or are not pressured by China.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skip

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        “India's Ambassador in Beijing optimistically briefed Zhou Enlai that they believed the UK and Egypt would support the PRC’s assumption of China’s Security Council seat, giving it majority support.” Link However, this was just an assumption and not made by the representatives of Egypt. Expert skipped this question.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/not-the-cost-china-india-and-the-united-nations-security-council-1950

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            There was the case of Uyghur Muslim-Chinese students arrested and deported from Egypt to China. “Uyghur students in Egypt face arrest, deportation to China” Link "For its part, Cairo has helped identify and detain Uighur Chinese citizens in Egypt for interrogation and repatriation to China, where they may face enrollment into brutal “re-education” facilities likened to concentration camps. Egypt has allowed Chinese officials to interrogate Uighurs in Egyptian prisons, a rare exception to usual Egyptian practice." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2019/09/egypt-china-uighur-students-detained-trade-relations-ethnic.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. https://www.power3point0.org/2020/02/20/egypt-and-chinas-telecoms-a-concerning-courtship/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/arab-states-give-china-pass-uyghur-crackdown

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              "During his visit to Egypt, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and held talks with Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry... The Egyptian side said it firmly opposes foreign interference in China's internal affairs under the pretext of issues relating to Hong Kong, Xinjiang, Taiwan and Tibet." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. http://ge.china-embassy.org/eng/fyrth/202107/t20210719_8907620.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                "During his visit to Egypt, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and held talks with Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry... The Egyptian side said it firmly opposes foreign interference in China's internal affairs under the pretext of issues relating to Hong Kong, Xinjiang, Taiwan and Tibet." Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. http://ge.china-embassy.org/eng/fyrth/202107/t20210719_8907620.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by 1 anonymous expert, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
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