Tajikistan

$897.1
9.74M
Ranking
9/ 82
Original Score

* As some Indicators can be skipped where data is unavailable, the maximum overall and Domain scores are not identical for each country. Country rankings are generated from ratios of the maximum scores and the achieved scores.

194/ 396
Executive partner
Civic IDEA
Index Year
2021
Layer Scores

The Indicators have been classified by the stage of the influence process at which they occur. Some Indicators correspond to exposure to PRC influence, e.g. the presence of Confucius Institutes. Others test for pressure – such as visa denials to academics or journalists. Finally, some Indicators capture the effect of PRC influence, such as national policy changes in favor of PRC interests.
The individual Layer scores for each country are tallied and displayed via rankings.

Exposure

49%

Exposure assesses the conditions that make the target country vulnerable to PRC's influence, e.g. in terms of economic dependence, or the receiving of some form of benefit.

Pressure

10%

Pressure measures the actions that the PRC directly or indirectly exerts over the target country in order to change the behavior of people in the target country, e.g. in terms of threatening economic punishment to provoke/prevent a political decision.

Effect

68%

Effect evaluates the degree of accommodations the target country makes to the PRC, and the actual effects and impacts on the target country.

In 2021, Tajikistan had a GDP per capita of US$897 and a total population of 9.74 million people, with the Chinese population comprising 100,000 people, or 1.052% of the total.

Tajikistan established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1992. Tajikistan was ranked 152nd in Reporters Without Borders' 2022 World Press Freedom Index, and Not Free in Freedom House's 2022 Global Freedom Status, with a score of 8/100.

Domain Scores
Country Percentage
Index Average

Percentage scores do not suggest some degree out of a “completely influenced” level of 100%. The percentages express the country’s score out of the total achievable amount based on the Indicators for each Domain.

  • Media
    25.0% / 30.1%
  • Academia
    34.1% / 34%
  • Economy
    72.7% / 33.6%
  • Society
    29.5% / 23.6%
  • Military
    54.5% / 23.4%
  • Law Enforcement
    54.5% / 30.2%
  • Technology
    61.4% / 40.8%
  • Domestic Politics
    45.5% / 37.2%
  • Foreign Policy
    63.6% / 41%

Media

The Media Domain evaluates how PRC entities influence public debate and media coverage about the PRC in the Index country.

1.
Exposure

In my country, there are media organizations that belong to the World Chinese Media (世界华文媒体) network.

Yes

Answer ( 3 / 4 )

More

Skipped

2 countries chose this answer

0/ No

42 countries chose this answer

1/ Few, but insignificant

19 countries chose this answer

2/ More than a few, but insignificant

4 countries chose this answer

3/ Few, but significant

13 countries chose this answer

4/ More than a few, and significant

2 countries chose this answer

80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

Supporting Evidence

Han Dongqi ( President of New Silk Road News , Tajikistan ) is associated with the World Chinese Media Network. Link

  1. https://worldchinesemedia.com/2015/05/12/56/

    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili and Tinatin Khidasheli

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    2.
    Exposure

    In my country, there are journalists or media organizations which are members of the Belt and Road Media Cooperation Alliance/Union, the Belt and Road News Alliance, or other Belt and Road media networks that connected to PRC (e.g. Belt and Road Media Community, Belt and Road Journalists Network, Belt and Road News Network, or B&R TV Networks).

    Yes

    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

    More

    Skipped

    1 countries chose this answer

    0/ No

    39 countries chose this answer

    1/ Few, but insignificant

    23 countries chose this answer

    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

    4 countries chose this answer

    3/ Few, but significant

    14 countries chose this answer

    4/ More than a few, and significant

    1 countries chose this answer

    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

    Supporting Evidence

    State enterprise of Television of Dushanbe HD (TV Dushanbe) is the member of The Belt and Road News Alliance (BRNA) - Link

    1. https://brnalink.com/members.html

      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

      Hide
      3.
      Exposure

      In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have attended all-expenses paid media tours in PRC.

      Yes

      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

      More

      Skipped

      11 countries chose this answer

      0/ No

      15 countries chose this answer

      1/ Few, but insignificant

      15 countries chose this answer

      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

      5 countries chose this answer

      3/ Few, but significant

      23 countries chose this answer

      4/ More than a few, and significant

      13 countries chose this answer

      71 countries answered this indicator; 11 countries skipped this indicator

      Supporting Evidence

      Here is the article about the tours in China for Central Asia, including Tajik journalists. Upon their arrival back to their country, these journalists promote China through reports and blogs. Link

      1. http://sogdiana.tj/main/12370-kitay-glazami-tadzhikskogo-zhurnalista.html

        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

        Hide
        4.
        Exposure

        In my country, there are journalists, media organizations or online influencers who have received trainings from PRC state-owned media or PRC-connected entities.

        No

        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

        More

        Skipped

        3 countries chose this answer

        0/ No

        37 countries chose this answer

        1/ Few, but insignificant

        16 countries chose this answer

        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

        2 countries chose this answer

        3/ Few, but significant

        14 countries chose this answer

        4/ More than a few, and significant

        10 countries chose this answer

        79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

        Supporting Evidence

        Journalists and media organizations are not mentioned Separately, but it is mentioned in this link Link: in January 2005, when the first follow-up group was formed, in which the participants were members of the International Workers' Party, authors and consultants from Central Asia. Participants discussed the project as a whole and the basic theme of the future report. The follow-up process included the study, as well as a series of events in the region. Between February and June 2005, within the frames of the project Participants visited CHINA as well. During the meetings, organized research groups in the region, were completed by 100 representatives of international organizations, development agencies and international NGOs, as well as local analysts and journalists. Participants discussed the risks of escalating conflicts in the Central Asian states, other regional problems being potentially dangerous for the region.

        1. https://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/publications/CentralAsia_Russian_small.pdf

          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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          5.
          Exposure

          In my country, PRC state-media (including print, radio, and video) is broadcasted or distributed in a local language.

          No

          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

          More

          Skipped

          1 countries chose this answer

          0/ No

          24 countries chose this answer

          1/ Few, but insignificant

          22 countries chose this answer

          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

          7 countries chose this answer

          3/ Few, but significant

          18 countries chose this answer

          4/ More than a few, and significant

          10 countries chose this answer

          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

          Supporting Evidence

          Not Found

              Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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              6.
              Exposure

              In my country, there are local media outlets wholly or partly owned by PRC citizens or corporations.

              No

              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

              More

              Skipped

              2 countries chose this answer

              0/ No

              44 countries chose this answer

              1/ Few, but insignificant

              19 countries chose this answer

              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

              3 countries chose this answer

              3/ Few, but significant

              14 countries chose this answer

              4/ More than a few, and significant

              0 countries chose this answer

              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

              Supporting Evidence

              Not Found

                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                  Hide
                  7.
                  Exposure

                  In my country, there are media outlets that have delivered cheap or free contents provided by PRC state-fund media.

                  No

                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                  More

                  Skipped

                  3 countries chose this answer

                  0/ No

                  22 countries chose this answer

                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                  21 countries chose this answer

                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                  6 countries chose this answer

                  3/ Few, but significant

                  23 countries chose this answer

                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                  7 countries chose this answer

                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                  Supporting Evidence

                  Only local RFE / RL (Radio Liberty) has used Chinese media content, but this way it warned Tajiks of Chinese intentions over the appropriation of its land. Link

                  1. https://rus.ozodi.org/a/31047904.html

                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                    Hide
                    8.
                    Exposure

                    In my country, there are regular PRC state-media or government advertisements inserted within local newspapers, online news websites or social media.

                    Yes

                    Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                    More

                    Skipped

                    1 countries chose this answer

                    0/ No

                    38 countries chose this answer

                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                    13 countries chose this answer

                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                    7 countries chose this answer

                    3/ Few, but significant

                    15 countries chose this answer

                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                    8 countries chose this answer

                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                    Supporting Evidence

                    Reports about close ties between Dushanbe and Beijing in the military sphere and about Chinese military installations on the territory of Tajikistan periodically pop up in local media. Link Every day, state-run media report various campaigns calling for “to follow the charitable initiative of the Leader of the Nation,” who sends humanitarian aid on his behalf in the form of personal protective equipment for doctors and essential drugs for hospitals. Heated controversy was caused by "charitable aid" with medicines from the "Avesto Group" company, where among the cargo there was also humanitarian aid from China for Tajikistan. A video about this made it onto the Internet, and logos of Tajik-Chinese friendship are visible on boxes with humanitarian supplies. Zafar Burkhonzoda, the company's director, told Asia-Plus that their humanitarian cargo from China was “mixed along the way” in the same convoy of trucks with the Chinese government's humanitarian cargo. "In the story of the aid from Avesto Group, humanitarian aid from China also got into the frame",Link

                    1. https://www.caa-network.org/archives/21363
                    2. https://rus.ozodi.org/a/30617002.html

                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                      Hide
                      9.
                      Pressure

                      In my country, there are journalists who have had pressure exerted on them by the PRC, including (but not limited to) public denouncement, revocation of journalist ID, denial of visa.

                      No

                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                      More

                      Skipped

                      1 countries chose this answer

                      0/ No

                      57 countries chose this answer

                      4/ Yes

                      24 countries chose this answer

                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                      Supporting Evidence

                      Not Found

                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                          Hide
                          10.
                          Effect

                          In my country, there are incidents of media outlets censoring views critical of the PRC government.

                          No

                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                          More

                          Skipped

                          4 countries chose this answer

                          0/ No

                          51 countries chose this answer

                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                          11 countries chose this answer

                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                          3 countries chose this answer

                          3/ Few, but significant

                          9 countries chose this answer

                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                          4 countries chose this answer

                          78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                          Supporting Evidence

                          No Evidence Found

                              Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                              Hide
                              11.
                              Effect

                              In my country, there are media personalities (including reporters, journalists or commentators) or celebrities who deny the existence of human rights abuses in the PRC (e.g. a media personality that doubts there are re-education camps for Uyghurs in Xinjiang).

                              Yes

                              Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                              More

                              Skipped

                              2 countries chose this answer

                              0/ No

                              44 countries chose this answer

                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                              18 countries chose this answer

                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                              4 countries chose this answer

                              3/ Few, but significant

                              9 countries chose this answer

                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                              5 countries chose this answer

                              80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                              Supporting Evidence

                              Tajikistan does not cover news about China in general. In general, the number of publications and studies devoted to China remains extremely small and insufficient - especially in light of the growing role that China is playing today in Central Asia and Tajikistan. In general, there is a paradoxical, but understandable situation in Central Asia - the greater the economic dependence on China, the fewer publications on the topic of the Chinese presence can be found in the local academic press and mass media. Link

                              1. https://cabar.asia/ru/kogda-tadzhikistan-nachnyot-izuchat-kitaj

                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                Hide

                                Academia

                                The Academia Domain measures how the PRC state attempts to restrict academic freedom by influencing or interfering with the Index country’s academic and educational activities.

                                1.
                                Exposure

                                In my country, universities have established research partnerships with PRC-connected entities. (e.g. Huawei, Tencent or Alibaba)

                                Yes

                                Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                More

                                0/ No

                                9 countries chose this answer

                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                11 countries chose this answer

                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                6 countries chose this answer

                                3/ Few, but significant

                                31 countries chose this answer

                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                25 countries chose this answer

                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                Supporting Evidence

                                Huawei Seeds for the Future program was launched in Tajikistan on 2nd October 2016. 10 students from Tajikistan famous universities went to China to join a two-week training, where they not only learned Chinese culture, but also visited Huawei HQ to studied ICT technology. Seeds for the Future program aims at helping Tajikistan young students to learn the global advanced ICT technology and feel the enterprise culture of Huawei. Link Russian source: Link

                                1. https://www.huawei.com/en/sustainability/win-win-development/social-contribution/seeds-for-the-future/tajikistan
                                2. http://avesta.tj/2019/04/26/kompaniya-huawei-prodolzhaet-realizatsiyu-proekta-semena-budushhego-v-tadzhikistane/

                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                  Hide
                                  2.
                                  Exposure

                                  In my country, there are Confucius Institutes/Classrooms.

                                  Yes

                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                  More

                                  0/ No

                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                  31 countries chose this answer

                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                  27 countries chose this answer

                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                  Supporting Evidence

                                  The 2020 "Chinese Bridge" Competition in Tajikistan organized by UPC Confucius Institute successfully closed Link On August 20, 2015, the Confucius Institute of Tajikistan Metallurgical Institute was officially established under the cooperation between China University of Petroleum (East China) and Tajikistan Metallurgical Institute. Link Russian source: The Confucius Cultural and Educational Center at TNU was opened in 2008. The center operates on the basis of the Tajik National University. Link In addition, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Tajikistan, with the support of the Confucius Center, is also organizing the travel of young specialists of Sinology for internships in the PRC. The number of tajik students in China is increasing every year, and they are an important component in strengthening cooperation between the two countries, strengthening friendly relations between them. It can be said that Tajik students are the conductors of the culture and art of Tajikistan in China. Link

                                  1. https://tnu.tj/index.php/ru/kulturno-obrazovatelnyj-centr-konfucij/
                                  2. http://cie.upc.edu.cn/en/info/1054/1202.htm
                                  3. http://cie.upc.edu.cn/admission_en/About_Us/Confucius_Institute.htm
                                  4. https://tnu.tj/Dissertatsii/MirzoevKhT/MirzoevKhT.pdf

                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                    3.
                                    Exposure

                                    My country plans to include, or does include, Chinese as a foreign language in K12 or primary education, and receives free or subsidized (e.g. offered below market price) educational books and teachers from PRC.

                                    No

                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                    More

                                    Skipped

                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                    0/ No

                                    46 countries chose this answer

                                    4/ Yes

                                    35 countries chose this answer

                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                    Supporting Evidence

                                    No Evidence Found

                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                        Hide
                                        4.
                                        Exposure

                                        In my country, one or more think tanks and academic research centers belong to PRC-affiliated networks/associations (such as: the Silk Road Think Tank Association, Silk Road Think Tank Network [SiLKS], Belt and Road Studies Network, University Alliance of the Silk Road, University Consortium of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road).

                                        Yes

                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                        More

                                        Skipped

                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                        0/ No

                                        40 countries chose this answer

                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                        17 countries chose this answer

                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                        14 countries chose this answer

                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                        Supporting Evidence

                                        The members of University Alliance of the Silk Road: Russian-Tajik Slavonic University, Tajik Technical University Link

                                        1. http://uasr.xjtu.edu.cn/About_UASR/Members.htm

                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                          Hide
                                          5.
                                          Exposure

                                          In my country, think tanks and academic research centers have received financial support from PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                          Yes

                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                          More

                                          Skipped

                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                          0/ No

                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                          72 countries answered this indicator; 10 countries skipped this indicator

                                          Supporting Evidence

                                          There are very few publications and studies (as well as in general, Sinologists-economists) on the problems of the economy and domestic policy of the PRC. To a large extent, such a thematic imbalance is also due to the interests of the main sponsor of Sinology in Tajikistan - that is, China itself. As in other countries in the region, China allocates funds and quotas mainly for the training of local translators and technical specialists for the needs of Chinese companies and other economic structures in the region. Chinese think tanks are ready to use local political scientists and economists for a deeper study of the region and the countries in which China is investing. But the PRC, as a rule, is not interested in sponsoring local social sciences. Link That is why there is still little funding for Tajik Academia from China.

                                          1. https://cabar.asia/ru/kogda-tadzhikistan-nachnyot-izuchat-kitaj

                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                            Hide
                                            6.
                                            Exposure

                                            In my country, experts participate in PRC talent recruitment programs such as the Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program.

                                            No

                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                            More

                                            Skipped

                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                            0/ No

                                            47 countries chose this answer

                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                            79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                            Supporting Evidence

                                            No evidence found.

                                              Supplementary Notes

                                              The 2012 TWAS-ROESEAP (TWAS Regional Office for East and South-East Asia and the Pacific) Symposium on Frontier in Chemical Engineering was held from July 27 to 31 in Beijing under the theme of “Green Chemistry and Engineering of Developing Countries”. Over 140 scholars and graduate students from ten nations including China, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Iran, Tajikistan, Republic of Korea, Nigeria, South Africa and Denmark attended the symposium. However, no Thousand Talents Program or Changjiang Scholars program has been mentioned.

                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                Hide
                                                7.
                                                Exposure

                                                In my country, scholars have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                No

                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                More

                                                Skipped

                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                0/ No

                                                17 countries chose this answer

                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                69 countries answered this indicator; 13 countries skipped this indicator

                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                No Direct Evidence of PRC paid trainings.

                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                  In addition to Tajik local specialists, the Chinese language is also taught by five teachers - native speakers from the PRC. Many specialists have completed language courses in China. Link

                                                  1. https://asiaplustj.info/news/tajikistan/society/20170211/ya-kitaiskii-bi-viuchil-tolko-za-to

                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                  Hide
                                                  8.
                                                  Pressure

                                                  In my country, organized PRC-connected student groups, such as Chinese Students and Scholars Associations (CSSAs), are involved in attempts to censor staff or students (e.g. by harassing students protesting human rights abuses in the PRC, or formally complaining about the identification of Taiwan as a country in lecture slides).

                                                  No

                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                  More

                                                  Skipped

                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                  0/ No

                                                  64 countries chose this answer

                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                  6 countries chose this answer

                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                  5 countries chose this answer

                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                  Not Found

                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                      Hide
                                                      9.
                                                      Pressure

                                                      In my country, scholars or academics have been denied visas to travel to the PRC after expressing opinions or producing scholarship that is critical of the PRC.

                                                      No

                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                      More

                                                      Skipped

                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                      0/ No

                                                      64 countries chose this answer

                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                      0 countries chose this answer

                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                      6 countries chose this answer

                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                      4 countries chose this answer

                                                      75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                      Not Found

                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                          Hide
                                                          10.
                                                          Effect

                                                          In my country, PRC-connected entities have been involved in school or university curriculum design, such as courses about East Asian history, modern politics, etc.

                                                          Yes

                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                          More

                                                          Skipped

                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                          0/ No

                                                          64 countries chose this answer

                                                          4/ Yes

                                                          16 countries chose this answer

                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                          Dean of the Faculty of Oriental Languages Abdulmayin Kayumov in an interview with "AP" said that the direction of training/studying "Chinese language" at the university appeared in 2000, at the Department of Languages of South-East Asia of the Faculty of Foreign Languages. And since 2009, a separate department of the Chinese language has been operating at the Faculty of Oriental Languages. Link

                                                          1. https://asiaplustj.info/news/tajikistan/society/20170211/ya-kitaiskii-bi-viuchil-tolko-za-to

                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                            Hide
                                                            11.
                                                            Effect

                                                            In my country, there are confirmed reports of teachers or professors avoiding the discussion of sensitive political issues (e.g. Uyghur re-education camps, Taiwan independence, Tiananmen Square Massacre).

                                                            No

                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                            More

                                                            Skipped

                                                            5 countries chose this answer

                                                            0/ No

                                                            65 countries chose this answer

                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                            77 countries answered this indicator; 5 countries skipped this indicator

                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                            Not Found.

                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                Economy

                                                                The Economy Domain measures the PRC’s economic leverage in the Index country, and how this is used to influence economic policy or corporate behavior in ways that favor the PRC.

                                                                1.
                                                                Exposure

                                                                The PRC is my country's number one trading partner (for trade in goods only).

                                                                No

                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                More

                                                                0/ No

                                                                51 countries chose this answer

                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                31 countries chose this answer

                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                From 2015 to 2019, export of goods from Central Asia countries to China grew by 35 percent from US$15,054 million to US$20,276 million, with Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan reporting the fastest growth of over 50 percent. For imports, China is Tajikistan’s third largest trading partner, accounting for 18.2 percent of its total imports with a value of US$605 million. For exports, China is Tajikistan’s fifth largest trading partner, accounting for five percent of its total exports. Link

                                                                1. https://www.china-briefing.com/news/china-and-central-asia-bilateral-trade-relationships-and-future-outlook/

                                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                  Hide
                                                                  2.
                                                                  Exposure

                                                                  PRC-connected entities own more than 50% of my country’s sovereign debt.

                                                                  Yes

                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                  More

                                                                  Skipped

                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                  0/ No

                                                                  77 countries chose this answer

                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                  4 countries chose this answer

                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                  In 2009, the Tajik government and Chinese company TBEA agreed to construct a 200 MW coal power station in Dushanbe. Funding conflicts in the first phase of construction and possible political pressure from President Xi on the Export-Import Bank of China led to the bank providing Tajikistan directly with $331 million to finance the second phase of construction. When construction on the plant was completed in 2018, Tajikistan was left with a $331 million concessional loan to Eximbank and granted TBEA full mining licenses for two gold mines to cover the costs of construction. This will likely force Tajikistan into further economic reliance on China and disrupt the legitimacy of its own economic sovereignty. Link 52 percent of Dushanbe’s foreign debt ($1.2 billion) is from China. Link

                                                                  1. https://www.caspianpolicy.org/tajikistan-and-china-discuss-improving-bilateral-economic-relations/
                                                                  2. https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81402

                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                    Hide
                                                                    3.
                                                                    Exposure

                                                                    The PRC is the top customer for my country’s extractive industries.

                                                                    Yes

                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                    More

                                                                    0/ No

                                                                    62 countries chose this answer

                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                    20 countries chose this answer

                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                    Despite the availability of rich mineral resources, including gold, their production remains at a low level. In recent years, an average of 2.5 tons of gold have been mined, more than half of which has been mined at the Chinese-Tajik enterprise Zarafshon (Chinese partner of the ZiJin Mining Group) in the central part of the country. By 2015, it is planned to increase production to 5 tons per year. In 2014, construction began on another joint metallurgical plant in the north of the country with a capacity of 50 thousand tons of zinc and 50 thousand tons of lead per year. Link

                                                                    1. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/tjknc3.pdf

                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                      Hide
                                                                      4.
                                                                      Exposure

                                                                      In my country, PRC-related entities own, operate or substantially control critical infrastructure (e.g. ports, power plants, digital data centers, etc) or sensitive sectors (biotech, raw materials, etc.)

                                                                      Yes

                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                      More

                                                                      0/ No

                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                      In 2009, the Tajik government and Chinese company TBEA agreed to construct a 200 MW coal power station in Dushanbe. Funding conflicts in the first phase of construction and possible political pressure from President Xi on the Export-Import Bank of China led to the bank providing Tajikistan directly with $331 million to finance the second phase of construction. When construction on the plant was completed in 2018, Tajikistan was left with a $331 million concessional loan to Eximbank and granted TBEA full mining licenses for two gold mines to cover the costs of construction. This will likely force Tajikistan into further economic reliance on China and disrupt the legitimacy of its own economic sovereignty. Link China appears to have the money and staying power to remain involved in Tajikistan and Central Asia as a whole for the long term. It is Tajikistan’s main trading partner, its largest creditor, and a major investor in Tajikistan’s energy sector (mainly oil and gas exploration) and mining sector (gold). Chinese companies have won tenders to build roads, tunnels, and other transportation links, as well as to work in the Tajik construction sector. China’s largest investment in the country is Line D of the Central Asia–China gas pipeline, which will connect China with Turkmenistan’s gas fields through Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Link Link

                                                                      1. https://www.caspianpolicy.org/tajikistan-and-china-discuss-improving-bilateral-economic-relations/
                                                                      2. https://carnegieendowment.org/2016/02/01/tajikistan-at-twenty-five-rahmon-consolidates-power-pub-62630
                                                                      3. https://tj.sputniknews.ru/20200128/tajikistan-tonnelj-gazoprovod-turkmenistan-china-1030620577.html

                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                        Hide
                                                                        5.
                                                                        Exposure

                                                                        My country joined (or applied to join) the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

                                                                        Yes

                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                        More

                                                                        0/ No

                                                                        27 countries chose this answer

                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                        55 countries chose this answer

                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                        Tajikistan joined AIIB in 2016. Link

                                                                        1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_Infrastructure_Investment_Bank

                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                          Hide
                                                                          6.
                                                                          Exposure

                                                                          In my country, major businesses are members of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, or of the Belt and Road Industrial and Commercial Alliance, or of the Belt and Road General Chamber of Commerce.

                                                                          Yes

                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                          More

                                                                          0/ No

                                                                          41 countries chose this answer

                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                          41 countries chose this answer

                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                          Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Tajikistan is the member of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce, Link

                                                                          1. http://www.srcic.com/silk-road-members/

                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                            Hide
                                                                            7.
                                                                            Pressure

                                                                            My country has been the target of PRC economic coercion (e.g. trade or investment sanctions) that was specifically tailored at products or services that are highly dependent on the PRC market.

                                                                            No

                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                            More

                                                                            0/ No

                                                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                            18 countries chose this answer

                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                Hide
                                                                                8.
                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                In my country, local businesses have been harassed, threatened, or boycotted, due to their activities or statements in support of causes deemed unacceptable by the PRC government (e.g. Taiwanese independence, Hong Kong democracy, Tibet or Xinjiang issues, etc).

                                                                                No

                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                More

                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                    9.
                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                    My country has free-trade agreement(s) with the PRC (either bilateral or as part of regional agreement(s)) that primarily deals with trade in goods or services, including digital goods or services.

                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                    More

                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                    No bilateral FTA has been signed between China and Tajikistan, only within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization both countries signed the FTA. Perspectives on the creation of a free trade zone between China and Tajikistan. Link

                                                                                    1. https://mirec.mgimo.ru/upload/ckeditor/files/prospects-of-free-trade-area-between-china-and-tajikistan.pdf

                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                      10.
                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                      In my country, central or local governments have relaxed or removed regulatory restrictions, or have established special economic zones (or free trade zones, industrial parks, etc.) to attract investments or economic participation from the PRC.

                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                      More

                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                      47 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                      35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                      Perspectives on the creation of a free trade zone between China and Tajikistan. Link

                                                                                      1. https://mirec.mgimo.ru/upload/ckeditor/files/prospects-of-free-trade-area-between-china-and-tajikistan.pdf

                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                        11.
                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                        In my country, PRC-connected entities requisitioned infrastructure or land for failure to repay debts in a timely manner.

                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                        More

                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                        76 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                        80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                        Tajikistan transferred part of the land to China! Russian Sources: Link Link

                                                                                        1. https://rus.azattyq.org/a/china_tajikistan_kazakhstan_kyrgyzstan_land/24350707.html
                                                                                        2. https://www.facebook.com/protivkitay/posts/2266698433464731/

                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                          Hide

                                                                                          Society

                                                                                          The Society Domain measures the extent and effectiveness of the PRC’s efforts to advance its soft power in the Index country, including its influence over the actions and views of local organizations and citizens.

                                                                                          1.
                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                          In my country, there are local groups or organizations with words like “Promotion of Peaceful Reunification” in their name, and they regularly publicize their views on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang issues.

                                                                                          No

                                                                                          Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                          More

                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                          49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                          4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                          Not Found

                                                                                              Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                              2.
                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                              In my country, there are members and member organizations of United World Chinese Association (世界华人协会).

                                                                                              No

                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                              More

                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                              62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                              19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                              No evidence found

                                                                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                  3.
                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                  In my country, labor unions cooperate on exchanges or official visits to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) in the PRC.

                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                  68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                  13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                      4.
                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                      In my country, there are local reports of personnel linked to the UFWD who make appearances at Chinese diaspora community events and activities (e.g. Lunar New Year events, Dragon Boat festival tournaments, etc).

                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                      50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                          5.
                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                          In my country, there are PRC-connected professional associations that are closely engaged with their counterparts locally, such as All-China Journalists Association (中华全国新闻工作者协会), China Artists Association (中国艺术家协会), China Writers Association (中国作家协会) or All-China Women Federation (全国妇联).

                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                          33 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                          25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                          8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                          6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                          All-China Women's Federation published posts about Tajikistan and also participated in The first Shanghai Cooperation Organization forum on Women. Tajikistan is a member state of All-China women's Federation. Link

                                                                                                          1. http://www.womenofchina.cn/womenofchina/html1/special/SCO/1805/2526-1.htm

                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                            In my country, PRC-connected individuals or entities donate money or provide other types of support to religious communities and charities.

                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                            35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                7.
                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                In my country, the PRC government or PRC-connected entities distribute entertainment products (including: drama and TV shows) or related hardwares (e.g. OTT streaming players hosting PRC media channels) freely or at a cheap price.

                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                38 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                1. China will train Tajik film specialists Link 2. Film bridges of the SCO: cooperation between film schools strengthens the dialogue of cultures in Eurasia Link 3. Dushanbe to host the Festival of feature and television films of the SCO member states Link 4. Days of Chinese Culture start in Dushanbe Link 5. Tajik artists will also perform at a concert for the Chinese New Year in Dushanbe Link 6. Chinese New Year with Tcell is closer than ever! Link 7. Chinese New Year was celebrated at the Confucius Center at TNU in Dushanbe Link

                                                                                                                1. http://avesta.tj/2018/06/18/kitaj-budet-gotovit-tadzhikskih-spetsialistov-v-oblasti-kino/
                                                                                                                2. https://asiaplustj.info/ru/news/tajikistan/society/20210203/kinomosti-shos-sotrudnichestvo-kinoshkol-ukreplyaet-dialog-kultur-v-evrazii
                                                                                                                3. https://asiaplustj.info/ru/news/tajikistan/society/20210617/obyavlen-spisok-filmov-festivalya-gosudarstv-chlenov-shos
                                                                                                                4. https://nm.tj/culture/12222-v-dushanbe-startuyut-dni-kultury-kitaya.html
                                                                                                                5. https://tajikta.tj/ru/news/v-dushanbe-na-kontserte-k-kitayskomu-novomu-godu-vystupyat-i-tadzhikskie-artisty
                                                                                                                6. https://asiaplustj.info/ru/news/tajikistan/society/20190123/kitaiskii-novii-god-s-tcell-blizhe-chem-kogda-libo
                                                                                                                7. http://avesta.tj/2018/02/22/v-tsentre-konfutsiya-pri-tnu-v-dushanbe-otmetili-kitajskij-novyj-god/

                                                                                                                  Answered by Temur Umarov, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                  8.
                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                  Cultural products (such as films and TV shows) produced by my country’s production studios typically portray the PRC in a positive light.

                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                  7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                  60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                  15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                  75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FMkHIR3-oo

                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                  Also, TV Safina and TV One usually broadcasts information about China in positive light and have a full coverage when an senior officials from China visits Tajikistan.

                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                    9.
                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                    In my country, celebrities regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC.

                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                    Popular journalists in Tajikistan suggesting of using Chinese practice – social credit, public video recording in security domain of the country. Link

                                                                                                                    1. http://www.narodnaya.tj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13602:2021-06-17-06-37-42&catid=57:bezopasnost&Itemid=53

                                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                    In Tajikistan, local celebrities, scientists, writers, heads of universities, senior government officials, a total of more than 100 people took part in events that were highly appreciated by the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Republic of Tajikistan. Link However, neither particular names of the celebrities, nor their shared propaganda narratives listed.

                                                                                                                    1. https://tnu.tj/Dissertatsii/MirzoevKhT/MirzoevKhT.pdf

                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                    10.
                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                    In my country, the national or local governments regularly publish or share propaganda narratives from the PRC (e.g. statements from the PRC government or embassies).

                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    54 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                    Tajik MFA spread in 2020: "The leader of our country expressed gratitude to the Chinese side for the help and support of Tajikistan during the coronavirus pandemic. A high assessment was given to the statement of the Leader of China that the Chinese side intends to make the vaccine against the new coronavirus available to the whole world. The Chairman of the People's Republic of China, in turn, highly appreciated the actions and decisions of the leadership of Tajikistan to prevent infection." Link Tajik MFA in 2021: "The head of our state, noted the successes of China in combating the coronavirus epidemic, expressed gratitude to the President of the People's Republic of China for the help and support in overcoming the consequences of the pandemic, including the readiness of the Government of the People's Republic of China to provide Tajikistan with a Chinese-made antiviral vaccine free of charge." Link

                                                                                                                    1. https://mfa.tj/ru/main/view/6101/telefonnyi-razgovor-s-predsedatelem-kitaiskoi-narodnoi-respubliki-si-tszinpinom
                                                                                                                    2. https://mfa.tj/ru/main/view/7198/telefonnyi-razgovor-prezidenta-tadzhikistana-s-predsedatelem-kitaiskoi-narodnoi-respubliki

                                                                                                                    Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                    China's strategic advantages, in the case of Tajikistan, can influence, for example, when it is necessary to sign any petitions supporting Chinese policy at the international level, including if support is needed in the battle of narratives. In addition, China has pledged to support Tajikistan in the fight against coronavirus and has already provided humanitarian assistance in the form of consignments of medical equipment, as well as advisory support on measures to contain the spread of the pandemic. Link

                                                                                                                    1. https://cabar.asia/ru/bitva-narrativov-vo-vremya-koronakrizisa-i-ee-vliyanie-na-tadzhiksko-kitajskie-otnosheniya

                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                    In my country, a majority of citizens have positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                    50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                    25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                    75 countries answered this indicator; 7 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                    No Direct Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                      For the population of Tajikistan, China does not look like a model for comparing life values, however, the changes that have occurred in the Celestial Empire during the period of Rakhmon's rule may make them doubt the intrinsic value of Tajik stability. Link Please also check this link Link

                                                                                                                      1. https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4528893
                                                                                                                      2. https://cabar.asia/ru/bitva-narrativov-vo-vremya-koronakrizisa-i-ee-vliyanie-na-tadzhiksko-kitajskie-otnosheniya

                                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                      Hide

                                                                                                                      Military

                                                                                                                      The Military Domain gauges the bilateral military relationship between the PRC and the Index country, including PRC efforts to influence local military personnel.

                                                                                                                      1.
                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                      My country currently imports (or receives in-kind donation of) military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment from the PRC.

                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                      46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                      Chinese military assistance is most active in Tajikistan. In 2016, Beijing promised to build eleven border posts and one training center for border guards along the Afghan border. That same year, China gave Dushanbe a grant of $19 million to build officers’ clubs.

                                                                                                                      1. https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81402

                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                        2.
                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                        My country currently exports military or law-enforcement equipment or components of equipment to the PRC.

                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                        74 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                            3.
                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                            My country co-develops or co-produces military or law-enforcement equipment with the PRC.

                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                            66 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                            15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                              No, Chinese are donating money to Tajik military, but no joint production has been implemented yet.

                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                4.
                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports that the PRC has expressed intentions or has taken actions to establish basing.

                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                Link Link Link Link The Tajik authorities deny the presence of a Chinese military base. Although the authorities still find it difficult to completely deny the existence of a certain physical infrastructure for interaction in the military sphere between Tajikistan and China. Link The first Chinese military base appeared not so long ago, in the Murghob district of Tajikistan’s Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, not far from the Afghan and Chinese borders. Officially, it is a border guard station for Tajik troops built using Chinese funds. The Tajik and Chinese governments signed an agreement back in 2016 to build seven border posts and training centers along the Tajik-Afghan border. The Chinese allocated grants for that purpose, and built three garrison headquarters, five border guard stations and posts, and one training center. Link

                                                                                                                                1. https://www.cacianalyst.org/publications/analytical-articles/item/13569-chinas-military-base-in-tajikistan-what-does-it-mean?_html_=
                                                                                                                                2. https://www.rferl.org/a/u-s-military-bases-in-central-asia-part-two-/31219781.html
                                                                                                                                3. https://eurasianet.org/tajikistan-secret-chinese-base-becomes-slightly-less-secret
                                                                                                                                4. https://www.caa-network.org/archives/21363
                                                                                                                                5. https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81402
                                                                                                                                6. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/in-central-asias-forbidding-highlands-a-quiet-newcomer-chinese-troops/2019/02/18/78d4a8d0-1e62-11e9-a759-2b8541bbbe20_story.html

                                                                                                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                  5.
                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                  In my country, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has participated in a humanitarian relief/disaster assistance (HADR) effort.

                                                                                                                                  No

                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                  2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                  61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                  19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                  80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                  Not Found

                                                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                      6.
                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                      In my country, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) military personnel are permanently or rotationally deployed (excluding defense attaches and peacekeepers).

                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                      77 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                      5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                      It is alleged that Chinese troops have been present in Tajikistan since approximately 2016, with the purpose of monitoring access to the Wakhan Corridor. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan denied that there are Chinese troops in Tajikistan. Link

                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/in-central-asias-forbidding-highlands-a-quiet-newcomer-chinese-troops/2019/02/18/78d4a8d0-1e62-11e9-a759-2b8541bbbe20_story.html

                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                        In my country, members of the military have received professional military education from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                        48 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                        34 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                        As of mid-2013, the Chinese have been constructing an operational center for the Tajik defense ministry in Dushanbe and inviting several Tajik officers to study in Chinese defense colleges.

                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/26326365.pdf

                                                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                          8.
                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                          In my country, members of the military have received peacekeeping training from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                          67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                          Joint exercises within the Shanghai cooperation organization - China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan formed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in June 2001, in order to maintain the geopolitical status quo, pledging to fight the ‘three evils’ of terrorism, separatism and extremism. Link

                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.gisreportsonline.com/china-is-winning-the-new-great-game-in-central-asia,politics,1782.html

                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                            In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officers have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public service.

                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                            67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                            11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                            78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                            No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                10.
                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                In my country, high-ranking retired or current military and/or intelligence officials advocate for more coordination with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                    11.
                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                    My country cooperates with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) on military exchange exercises, including drills and war games.

                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                    51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                    Tajikistan, China to hold another joint military drill in Pamirs Link

                                                                                                                                                    1. https://eurasianet.org/tajikistan-china-to-hold-another-joint-military-drill-in-pamirs

                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                      Law Enforcement

                                                                                                                                                      The Law Enforcement Domain measures law enforcement cooperation between the PRC and the Index country, as well as the nature and extent of PRC-related criminal activity in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                      1.
                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                      My country currently maintains an extradition treaty, legal mutual assistance or other similar arrangements with the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                      32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                      50 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                      Tajik lawmakers back Tajik-Chinese extradition deal Link China, Tajikistan to improve security, law enforcement cooperation Link Tajikistan and China have signed 18 agreements to bolster bilateral ties. Link

                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.refworld.org/docid/558bc4ab15.html
                                                                                                                                                      2. http://www.brsn.net/NEWS/zhiku_en/detail/20200918/1005000000032801600392338730541914_1.html
                                                                                                                                                      3. https://www.rferl.org/a/tajikistan-china-sign-agreements-to-bolster-ties/30001315.html

                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                      I am not sure if this Memorandum would also count: In 2012, a Memorandum of Cooperation was signed between the Ministries of Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan and the People's Republic of China, which covers the issues of crop production, animal husbandry, plant protection, agricultural mechanization, the possibility of creating joint farms and the problem of training specialists. Russian source: Link

                                                                                                                                                      1. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/tjknc3.pdf

                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                      2.
                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                      In my country, law enforcement authorities have signed cooperation agreements with the PRC on combatting terrorism.

                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                      1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                      55 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                      26 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                      81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                      Sino-Tajik Exercise in GBAO: Fighting Terrorism or Protecting China's Investments in the Region? Link In 2002 and 2003. China participates in bilateral and multilateral counterterrorism exercises with other members of the organization (incl. Tajikistan) Link Tajikistan is committed to working with China in combating the "three forces" of terrorism, separatism and extremism, and transnational crimes, strengthening law enforcement and security cooperation, and increasing coordination in multilateral affairs within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the CICA and other frameworks, according to Rahmon. Link

                                                                                                                                                      1. https://carnegieendowment.org/files/9275book_Kitai1.pdf
                                                                                                                                                      2. https://cabar.asia/ru/kitajsko-tadzhikskie-ucheniya-v-gbao-borba-s-terrorizmom-ili-zashhita-investitsij-knr-v-regione
                                                                                                                                                      3. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-06/16/c_138146465.htm

                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                        3.
                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                        In my country, PRC-connected gangs (such as Triad, 三合会) are known to be operating in my country.

                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                        52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                        29 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                            In my country, there are reports of economic espionage targeting the private sector that were suspected to benefit PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                            49 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                            3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                            12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                              Indeed, we are just unable to find a clear and public evidence.

                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                In my country, there are reports of cyber attacks targeting government, critical infrastructure, or enterprises that were suspected to be initiated from the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                15 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                  Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                  No Public Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                    6.
                                                                                                                                                                    Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, triads are known to have threatened or used violence to coerce, intimidate or punish Chinese dissidents.

                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                    67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                      Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                      I think this is not relevant for any of the countries researched by us.

                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                        7.
                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                        My country has deployed video or internet surveillance systems from the PRC for law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                        30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                        51 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                        In February, Tajikistan’s government announced a new identification system that requires phone users to provide fingerprints and privacy-invasive medical information in order to purchase SIM cards, according to Eurasianet. Huawei, which is reportedly working closely with the government to develop this system, has so far offered no information on where the data will be stored. Link Dealings with Huawei go a little further back in Tajikistan. In 2013, the government sealed a $22 million deal for the company to install hundreds of CCTV and traffic cameras around the capital, Dushanbe. Link

                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/11/15/huawei-xinjiang-kazakhstan-uzbekistan-china-surveillance-state-eyes-central-asia/
                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://eurasianet.org/china-taking-big-brother-to-central-asia

                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                          8.
                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, representatives of the PRC police force have had joint patrols with local law enforcement.

                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                          71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                          A small People’s Armed Police (PAP) unit operating in Tajikistan’s Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO). Link

                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://oxussociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/the-growth-adaptation-and-limitations-of-chinese-private-security-companies-in-central-asia.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                            9.
                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                            My government has detained people at the request of the PRC for committing a crime involving engagements with social movements or resistance activities in Hong Kong, Xinjiang or for other human rights or civic rights issues.

                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                            68 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                            My country has deported Taiwan citizens to the PRC to face prosecution.

                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                            71 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                            9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                My country has extradited or has deported individuals to the PRC, although such decisions had attracted criticisms from politicians, government employees or from local or foreign NGOs.

                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                Freedom House wrote that in August 2019, a Uighur woman and her two children were deported from Turkey to Tajikistan, and then promptly transferred to Chinese custody.27 News outlets reported that five or six other Uighurs were on the flight with her. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://freedomhouse.org/report/transnational-repression/china

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                  Technology

                                                                                                                                                                                  The Technology Domain gauges the PRC’s influence over the technology sector in the Index country, including the activity and financial leverage of PRC companies, use of PRC hardware, and bilateral research partnerships.

                                                                                                                                                                                  1.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, PRC-connected entities (such as China Mobile, China Unicom or China Telecom) or their subsidiaries provide telecom services.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                  52 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                  30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                  82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                  In 2003 the telecom company “ZTE” (China) granted a digital telephone exchange for 6,000 subscriber lines and installed it in Kurgan to replace one of the outdated exchanges. Link In 2008, Chinese telephone company bought a tajik mobile phone operator TK Mobile for 26.66 million USD. Link Tajiktelecom and China Telecom announced a plan in 2008 to build a fibre connection between the two countries, but this did not come to fruition Link

                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM//ie/enterp/documents/coverpagatajik.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.ifri.org/sites/default/files/atoms/files/ifrichinacentralasiakassenovaengjanuary2008.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                  3. https://www.internetsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/ISOC-Tajikistan-IXP-assessment.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                    2.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, telecoms have signed agreements to adopt hardwares or technical specifications of 4G or 5G cellular networks that are produced or developed by Huawei, ZTE or other PRC enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                    16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                    4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    27 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                    30 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                    82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                    In 2003, in cooperation with the Chinese telecommunications company ZTE, the obsolete automatic telephone exchange in Qurghonteppa was replaced free of charge with a modern digital station with a capacity of 6,000 ports. At present, JV "Tajiktel" continues to provide services in the D-AMPS standard, the cost of which, given the emergence of competition, has significantly decreased, and since 2002 has introduced cellular services of the GSM standard, the equipment for which was purchased from the Chinese company "Huawei Technologies" ... Great hopes are pinned on the provision of a direct EBRD loan to OJSC “Tajiktelecom” in the amount of US $ 13 million for the modernization of the national public telecommunications network. The implementation of the network modernization project at the expense of EBRD borrowed funds is designed for 2-3 years. In 2002, the first international tender was held, which at the first stage covers the modernization of the Dushanbe city telephone network and its infrastructure, namely the digitalization of all analog urban exchanges and the replacement of all connecting lines as well as the organization of the transport fiber-optic SDH ring connecting all public telephone exchanges in Dushanbe. (Scheme of SDH-ring in Dushanbe). The tender for this project was won by the Chinese company ZTE, together with which in 2004 it is planned to commission a fully digital Dushanbe city public telephone network. source: Link Huawei has been serving more than 85% of all Tajikistan residents. Huawei not only provides stable telecommunication solutions, but also makes contributions to the telecommunication industry in Tajikistan, which helps to promote long-term development of ICT technology in Tajikistan. Link Link HUAWEI already provides 4G to Tcell (Tajik mobile network) Link

                                                                                                                                                                                    1. https://www.caspianpolicy.org/central-asia-looking-to-introduce-5g-technology-in-major-cities/
                                                                                                                                                                                    2. https://www.huawei.com/en/sustainability/win-win-development/social-contribution/seeds-for-the-future/tajikistan
                                                                                                                                                                                    3. https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM//ie/enterp/documents/coverpagatajikr.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                    4. https://www.tcell.tj/device/4g-modems/new-4g-modem-huawei-e.php

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                      3.
                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, telecoms have adopted hardware or technical specifications by PRC-connected entities in internet/wifi/telecommunication service infrastructure projects, in addition to 4G/5G cellular network.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                      8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                      14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                      10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                      3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                      24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                      23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                      74 countries answered this indicator; 8 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                      A technopark in Tajikistan, built based on Chinese experience and advanced Chinese technologies, meets the challenge of the times. It is noteworthy that the installation supervision of equipment in the context of the coronavirus pandemic took place remotely for the first time. This technological opportunity was provided by the Chinese company Huawei, which is headquartered in Shenzhen. The world leader in the field of telecommunications has also provided the new technopark with Internet access at the highest speed via the new modern 4G system, which is one of the keys to the success of the new project. And this is another important feature of the park. Source: Link

                                                                                                                                                                                      1. http://russian.people.com.cn/n3/2020/0820/c95181-9736743.html

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                        4.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, PRC-connected entities are authorized vendors to supply tech-related equipment or services to our government, military or security services.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                        28 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                        53 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                        In 2005, Tajikistan’s dominant fixed line operator Tajiktelecom has signed a contract with ZTE Corp of China for the supply of Central Asia’s first commercial next generation network (NGN), ZTE will deliver a customised end-to-end NGN solution, including VoIP and IP Centrex services, based on its proprietary Softswitch technology. The value of the deal was not disclosed. Link OJSC "Tajiktelecom" is the state-owned national telecommunications operator of the Republic of Tajikistan. The Government of Tajikistan intends to support the operation by providing a sovereign guarantee. The Ministry of Communications will undertake a regulatory development programme. Mobile operator Indigo Tajikistan has signed a deal with Chinese equipment supplier ZTE Corp to roll out a W-CDMA network. Under the terms of the contract, ZTE will deliver a complete W-CDMA system based on UMTS R4 technology, as well as providing W-CDMA handsets. Link In 2006 Tajik mobile operator Tacom has contracted China’s Huawei Technologies to supply GSM and W-CDMA mobile equipment for the expansion of its 2G network and the launch of 3G services. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.commsupdate.com/articles/2005/07/28/tajiktelecom-to-deploy-zte-ngn/
                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://www.commsupdate.com/articles/2005/11/14/indigo-contracts-zte-for-3g-network/
                                                                                                                                                                                        3. https://www.commsupdate.com/articles/2006/05/03/tacom-contracts-huawei-for-tajikistans-third-3g-network/

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                          5.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, central or local governments have collaboration (such as data collection or exchange agreement, or adoption of related hardwares) with the PRC government or PRC-connected entities on facial, voice recognition or other applications involving biometrics achieved by AI.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                          42 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                          9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                          19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                          7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                          79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                          As for Chinese companies, both Huawei and ZTE have had significant activities in Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Taking into account the case of Huawei in Iran, briefly described at the beginning of this document, it is highly likely that these companies were also selling dual-use technologies in this region. However, we were unable to locate any public or confidential sources that provide conclusive evidence of a link between these companies and interception technologies in the region. Source: Link Tajikistan’s government announced a new identification system that requires phone users to provide fingerprints and privacy-invasive medical information in order to purchase SIM cards, according to Eurasianet. Huawei, which is reportedly working closely with the government to develop this system, has so far offered no information on where the data will be stored. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.accessnow.org/cms/assets/uploads/archive/docs/Commonwealth_of_Surveillance_States_RUS_1.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/11/15/huawei-xinjiang-kazakhstan-uzbekistan-china-surveillance-state-eyes-central-asia/

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                            6.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, one or more cities have procured, or have signed contracts with PRC-connected entities to establish “smart city” systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                            35 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                            25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                            Furthering its debt, the Tajik government spent $22 million to implement Huawei’s “safe cities” system in Dushanbe in 2013. Besides monitoring traffic, over 800 Chinese cameras are watching over public spaces such as monuments and parks. On top of this, China already owns TK mobile, one of the five telecommunication providers in Tajikistan. Link Tajikistan also has its own Safe City system, installed by the Chinese company Huawei back in 2013. In 2019, it was announced that the system would be modernized. According to the Safe City center’s deputy head Furkat Shoimardonov, its AI-powered software will now help to find wanted persons more rapidly. Link On August 19, 2020, the Innovation and Technology Park opened its doors in Tajikistan. The ceremony was attended by the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, who initiated and supported this project. "Smart Park" is located in the high-mountainous Darvaz region, which is figuratively called the "golden gate" of the Pamirs. In ancient times, this area served as one of the important crossroads of the southern branch of the Great Silk Road. But the main feature of the park is that during its creation the richest experience of China in creating technology parks, which became the conductors and locomotives of the "Chinese economic miracle", was widely used. Several enterprises are concentrated in Darvaz Park, equipped with the most modern equipment with the Made in China label. Source: Link

                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://thediplomat.com/2019/08/smart-cities-or-surveillance-huawei-in-central-asia/
                                                                                                                                                                                            2. https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81402
                                                                                                                                                                                            3. http://russian.people.com.cn/n3/2020/0820/c95181-9736743.html

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                              7.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, financial institutions use the China Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) clearing and settlement services system.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                              1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                              63 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                              18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                              81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                              The Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) now covers some 40 countries and regions involved in the Belt and Road Initiative. Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                                              1. http://www.china-un.ch/eng/zywjyjh/t1675564.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                              2. https://www.ledgerinsights.com/china-central-bank-digital-currency-cbdc-renminbi-dollar/
                                                                                                                                                                                              3. https://www.cips.com.cn/cips/_2668/_2736/34425/index.html
                                                                                                                                                                                              4. http://finance.sina.com.cn/roll/20151010/110923437736.shtml

                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, PRC-connected venture capital invests in technology start-ups.

                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                    9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, companies have publicly announced that they had signed MOUs to collaborate on technological development (such as collaborations in A.I., Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Big Data) with PRC-connected entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                    31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                    79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                    China and Tajikistan Sign MOU on Establishment of Science and Technology Cooperation Committee Link Others: Link Link Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. http://www.most.gov.cn/eng/eng/pressroom/201801/t20180122_137805.htm
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. http://www.most.gov.cn/kjbgz/201804/t20180412_139098.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. http://www.most.gov.cn/ztzl/kjzg60/dfkj60/xj/dtxw/200909/t20090916_73011.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                    4. http://www.most.gov.cn/kjbgz/201709/t20170907_134805.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, PRC-connected entities are shareholders or developers of the top five popular social media/messaging apps, based on usage.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                      44 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.similarweb.com/apps/top/apple/store-rank/tj/all/top-free/iphone/

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, the central or local government(s) has collaborated with the PRC on endorsing the use of BeiDou satellite navigation system.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                        64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                        17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://english.cas.cn/newsroom/cas_media/202110/t20211025_286626.shtml
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. http://www.china.org.cn/china/2021-10/23/content_77827515.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi and Temur Umarov, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                          Domestic Politics

                                                                                                                                                                                                          The Domestic Politics Domain evaluates PRC efforts to influence the political landscape in the Index country, and the footprint of PRC security companies.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                          In my country, politicians or government employees at the sub-national level are signing agreements with the PRC government or state-owned enterprises.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                          20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          5 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                          21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                          81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Kashgar Xinyi Dadi Mining Investment signed a 20-year contract in June 2018 to develop the Yakdzhilva silver fields in the eastern Murghab region. The contract provides the possibility of extending this period by agreement of the parties. During the first seven years of its development activities, the Chinese company will be exempt from taxes on its income and from any customs duties on equipment it imported into Tajikistan. All private investments require government approval. According to the Tajik government, Chinese companies are being selected as partners in the mining sector because they are beneficial. At the same time, many observers are of the opinion that investment laws are being applied inconsistently. In October 2019, there were reports of several examples of tax exemptions granted by the Tajik parliament to Chinese firms investing in the country. Source: Link From 2000 to 2017, there were a total of 722 official visits by Chinese government representatives at both a provincial and national level to the countries of Central Asia, and vice versa. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.ituc-csi.org/IMG/pdf/belt_and_road_initiative_in_central_asia_ru.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81402

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, local municipalities have sister-city ties (友好城市) with municipalities in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 2 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            23 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                            On August 31, 1997, an Agreement was signed between the Government of the city of Urumqi and the Khukumat (Government) of the city of Dushanbe on trade, economic, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation. On September 10, 1999, in the city of Dushanbe, an Agreement was signed on the establishment of twinning relations between the cities of Dushanbe and Urumqi. On June 20, 2013, in the city of Dushanbe, a joint Declaration on Twinning and an Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation was signed between the Local State Executive Authority of Dushanbe and the People's Government of Xiamen. Also there are close relations between Dushanbe (Tajikistan) and Qingdao (China). Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. https://www.dushanbe.tj/ru/goroda-pobratimy

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                              3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                              In my country, politicians or government employees have taken trips to the PRC paid for by PRC-connected individuals or entities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                              More

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                              9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                              22 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                              16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                              73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                              No Evidence Found.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  In my country, politicians or government employees visit the PRC and have meetings with PRC officials and think tanks.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  "Sino-Tajik political mutual trust is continuously deepening, close contacts and exchange visits at the highest level are maintained. In 1993, President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon made his first official visit to China, which opened a new page in relations between the two countries. In September 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping paid a state visit to Tajikistan. This visit was successful and raised bilateral relations to the highest level in the history of their development. During this visit, RT President Emomali Rahmon organized a family dinner for Chinese President Xi Jinping and his wife, the leaders of the two states walked hand in hand, these episodes are unforgettable for everyone. Good working relations and close personal friendship between the heads of the two countries enable the stable and fast and correct development of Sino-Tajik relations." Source: Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://tajikta.tj/ru/news/kitay-i-tadzhikistan-blizkie-sosedi-nadezhnye-partnery-posol-knr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, law enforcement and judicial related training offered the PRC-connected individuals or entities has been accepted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    16 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, there are reports of politicians or political parties receiving campaign donations that originate in the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        60 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        78 countries answered this indicator; 4 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have hosted fundraisings or have provided other forms of support for government employees, politicians or parties.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            64 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UFWD is mentioned nowhere in Tajikistan

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In my country, groups with reported links to the United Front Work Department (UFWD) have made public statements opposing the candidacy of a local political candidate or party, claiming them being “anti-China”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                78 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In my country, politicians or government employees have publicly expressed positive views of the PRC government.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    37 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Emomali Rahmon spoke highly of Xi Jinping's positive contributions to the development of Tajikistan-China relations and expressed willingness to work with President Xi Jinping to guide bilateral relations towards greater achievements. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. http://www.chinaembassy-fi.org/eng/zxxx/t1673148.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In my country, politicians or government employees have received direct or deferred benefits from PRC-connected individuals or entities openly or covertly (e.g. have been appointed to lucrative positions as board members or consultants with PRC-invested firms, casinos, energy companies, etc.) during or in retirement from public office.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      18 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In Tajikistan, China Nonferrous Gold paid the president’s son-in-law, Shamsullo Sakhibov, $2.8 million for a gold mining concession, according to media reports. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. https://www.occrp.org/ru/moneybymarriage/lust-for-gold

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In my country, security services (安保/保安) offered by private PRC companies are contracted by national or subnational governments.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 3 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        67 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Foreign Policy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Foreign Policy Domain gauges PRC efforts to achieve diplomatic objectives by influencing key actors in the Index country.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        My country’s legislature has a joint parliamentary friendship group, committee or other forms of sub-organizations with PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        25 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        57 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        To strengthen bilateral parliamentary relations, friendship and cooperation groups of the Majlisi Namoyandagon were created "and parliamentary commissions with the parliaments of countries such as Russia, China, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Hungary and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, India, Cuba, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Jordan, Morocco, Belarus, Armenia, Romania, Slovakia, Germany, Korea, Azerbaijan and other countries. Link The two sides will further support the exchanges and cooperation between the National People's Congress of China and the Supreme Assembly of Tajikistan and between their specialized committees and friendship groups, constantly improve the legal foundation for bilateral relations, enhance traditional friendship and deepen the mutual understanding between the two peoples. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://mfa.tj/ru/berlin/view/6291/parlament
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/2649_665393/t511334.shtml

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exposure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Representatives of a political party in my country’s national legislature have met officially with representatives of the PRC.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          20 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          40 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          82 countries answered this indicator; 0 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wang Yi Meets with Tajik Foreign Minister Sirojiddin Muhriddin Link President Hu Jintao Meets with Tajik Counterpart Rahmon Link Xi Jinping Meets With President Emomali Rahmon of Tajikistan Link Li Keqiang Meets with Prime Minister Qohir Rasulzoda of Tajikistan Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wshd_665389/t1814687.shtml
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/topics_665678/hjtcxshfh_665754/t831234.shtml
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/topics_665678/jnkzsl70zn/t1294787.shtml
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4. http://kolkata.china-consulate.org/eng/zgbd/t1516190.htm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supplementary Notes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          On September 20, 2018, the sixteenth meeting of the Prosecutor Generals of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization member states was held in Dushanbe. The Prosecutor General of the Supreme People's Prosecutor's Office of the People's Republic of China took part in the meeting. Link During the year (2010) Tajikistan was visited by about 80 delegations of foreign countries and international organizations, among which one should especially note the official visit of the Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Wēn Jiābǎo (November) Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. http://docstore.ohchr.org/SelfServices/FilesHandler.ashx?enc=6QkG1d%2FPPRiCAqhKb7yhstnmplSEIbm%2BRnl3Df%2BMS62cJQCjTL3biIqDmjLM1J8iH0tO%2FWqIIOhuAmAb9KArcWLkxJjHhV%2Bm7cK77rDjIWE8U%2FqQyP0yHKhWi2qe1igEqDh6P5ImRjKlQQMhl0gzZg%3D%3D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://mfa.tj/uploads/main/2013/03/2010_ejegodnik.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The PRC provides training to diplomats or civil servants on governance from my country (such as at 国家行政学院 or 中央党校).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answer ( 1 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          39 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In China, there is a "One Belt - One Road" project, the influence of which is growing, and the number of students from Tajikistan accepted for training under the project is also growing. Also, Tajikistan still experiences strong economic and political influence from Russia for historical and geopolitical reasons. These countries also have scholarship programs targeting civil servants, as well as JDS, which involves young staff from mainstream government agencies. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://openjicareport.jica.go.jp/pdf/12092680.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In my country, politicians or government employees have been pressured by PRC diplomats to change their political or diplomatic stances.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            41 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pressure

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Citizens of my country have been detained in PRC or denied exit visas, and believed to be suffering from unfair legal treatments for political reasons, a.k.a. “hostage diplomacy”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                61 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                19 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                A Tajik drug dealer was arrested in China, he was not handed over to the Tajik side despite Tajikistan's request, and later he was sentenced to death. More here: Link Link At least 15 Tajik nationals are currently in detention in China. Five of them have been sentenced to death. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://notorturetj.org/analytics/v-kitae-kaznili-grazhdanina-tadzhikistana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. https://rus.azattyq.org/a/27522934.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3. https://www.refworld.org/docid/59818e0110.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The head of state, head of government or foreign minister of my country has denied Taiwan’s right to participate as a member, observer or guest in WHO.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answer ( 4 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  65 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4/ Yes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  14 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  79 countries answered this indicator; 3 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Tajik side is opposed to any attempt to create "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan", opposes "Taiwan independence" and Taiwan's membership in any international or regional organizations open only to sovereign states. It refuses to establish official ties or conduct official exchanges in any form with Taiwan. The Tajik side supports all efforts of the Chinese Government for national reunification. It holds that the Taiwan issue is a domestic affair of China which external forces have no right to interfere in. Link Russian source: Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/rus/wjdt/gb/t509759.shtml
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/2649_665393/t511334.shtml

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    My country publicly supported the appointment of a PRC official to be the head of a United Nations agency (such as the FAO or ICAO) or other intergovernmental organizations (such as INTERPOL).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Answer ( 0 / 4 )

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    9 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0/ No

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    62 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1/ Few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2/ More than a few, but insignificant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3/ Few, but significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4/ More than a few, and significant

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    73 countries answered this indicator; 9 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Not Found

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        My government has shown support of PRC's territorial claims (such as on the South China Sea arbitration ruling issued by the UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal in July 2016; except claims over Taiwan, which are indirectly covered in indicator 6.)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0/ My country has rejected PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4/ My country has adhered to PRC’s claim

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tajik President Emomali Rahmon said here Thursday that his country backs China's peaceful reunification, fully understands and firmly supports China's position on the South China Sea issue, and opposes any attempt to internationalize it. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/990247.shtml

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Uyghur population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          31 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          32 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          17 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Tajikistan supports China's stance regarding Uyghurs as it also arrests them on its territory. Uyghurs Held in Tajikistan! Three Uyghur businessmen with Turkish citizenship have been detained by authorities in Tajikistan, sparking fears that the men may have been held due to pressure from China, according to Uyghur groups. Tajik officials are tight-lipped about the case and the circumstances that provoked the detentions remain unclear. Link In July 2019, Tajikistan was one of 50 countries that backed China's policies in Xinjiang, signing a joint letter to the UNHRC commending China's "remarkable achievements in the field of human rights", claiming "Now safety and security has returned to Xinjiang and the fundamental human rights of people of all ethnic groups there are safeguarded. Link Link In November 2019, Tajikistan was one of 54 countries that signed a joint statement supporting China's Xinjiang policies. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. https://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/tajikistan-01242011150501.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China%E2%80%93Tajikistan_relations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. https://www.economist.com/sites/default/files/images/print-edition/20190727_CNM997.png
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4. https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201910/31/WS5db9ce19a310cf3e3557486d.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            My country has shown one of the following stances on PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Silence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            46 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            13 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            80 countries answered this indicator; 2 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Tajikistan has not shown a direct support to PRC’s treatment of its Tibet population, but generally supports the "One China" policy.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                My government has not publicly criticized the PRC’s imposition of the National Security Law on Hong Kong.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Support

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                More

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Skipped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0/ My country has denounced PRC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                24 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2/ My country has remained silent

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                36 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/ My country has voiced support to PRC’s stance

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                21 countries chose this answer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81 countries answered this indicator; 1 countries skipped this indicator

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Supporting Evidence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                In June 2020, Tajikistan was one of 53 countries that backed the Hong Kong national security law at the United Nations. Link

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. https://www.axios.com/countries-supporting-china-hong-kong-law-0ec9bc6c-3aeb-4af0-8031-aa0f01a46a7c.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Answered by Umedjon Majidi, and has been reviewed by Ani Kintsurashvili

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hide
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